Since 1992, a major research thrust in the Department of Horticulture at Auburn University has been the development of a non-invasive, system for the accelerated clonal propagation of hosta. This research has and continues to employ cytokinins or compounds with cytokinin-like properties to stimulate axillary and rhizomic budbreak and subsequent shoot or offset formation.

The following articles have been published in scientific journals and represent the cumulative effort of numerous individuals. Questions or comments related to this project may be sent to Gary J. Keever (

BA-Induced Offset Formation in Hosta

Offset Stage of Development Affects Hosta Propagation by Stem Cuttings

Presence of Offsets Reduces Hosta's Response to Benzyladenine

BA-Induced Offset Formation in Hosta Dependent on Cultivar

BA Application Promotes Offset Formation in Hosta Cultivars

Sequential BA Applications Enhance Offset Formation in Hosta

Root Mass and BA Affect Offset Formation in Hosta

BA Application Timing Following Division Affects Offset Formation in Hosta

Benzyladenine Improves Summer Quality of Hosta

Chilling Effects on Shoot Emergence and Subsequent Growth in Hosta

BA Does Not Reduce Detrimental Effects of High Nighttime Temperature on Offset Formation in Hosta

Effect of Chilling Duration on Shoot Emergence and Subsequent Growth of Hosta