DISCLAIMER: Please remember that all information presented is a summary of research and not an endorsement of any product or a recommendation of chemicals. The official labels from the manufacturing companies offer the legal and proper use and handling information for all products.


Hurricanes, Disaster Preparation, Crapemyrtles, Lotus, and Weeds

The front page picture today in our local newspaper showed the ravages of Hurricane Dennis in Auburn: a mature Bradford pear that had split down the middle. It looked impressive. Thankfully, Auburn received only a few blustering winds that cleansed some trees of some dead limbs and sent messy leaves to the ground. We had quite a good soaking. I have not gotten the full story of the damage elsewhere. I did receive one report from Baldwin County that Dennis was not Ivan, thank goodness! The nursery had some leaning trees to be staked but it could have been much worse. I hope you came through well. I feel better for Alabama nurseries but a state line does not separate nursery people. I hurt for the nurseries in north Florida that caught the eye winds. I hope they can get up the courage and money to come back one more time.

Disaster Preparation
We received a grant at Auburn in cooperation with LSU and MSU to help the green industry develop custom disaster plans for their businesses. Hurricanes are strong on our mind but there are other disasters that come from the extremes of nature and we have experienced them all. There have been droughts, sudden drastic drops in temperatures, hail, floods, tornadoes, and what about Sudden Oak Death or other quarantines. The program is designed to inform you of the resources available to help you develop a plan for your business so you will be ready for potential disasters. During or after a disaster you will know not only who to call, but what you will need on hand to cope, as well as an understanding of whose responsibility it is to do what and when. It is planning for the worst and being prepared.

Read this! If you will be at SNA this year and have 2 hours to spare on Wednesday at lunchtime we invite you to participate in a focus group session to help us prepare for this program. If you can help, please send us an email or call and leave your number and address. We will send you an invitation and will sincerely appreciate your participation.

I visited our crapemyrtle collection outside of Auburn last week before I went to talk to a group of people in Montgomery on the subject. A little inspiration and a few new pictures to get me pumped up for crapemyrtle season was worth the time and effort. Auburn University has crapemyrtle trials in Fairhope and Cullman. As I viewed the bark of Lipan, Biloxi, Fantasy, Natchez and others, it reinforced the message to listeners to let the trees GROW!..... Do not hack them back each year leaving ugly, deformed nubs and sentencing you to an annual pruning and clean-up mess. When you have the contrast of the soft pink of Near East, the screaming red of Dynamite, lavender of Zuni and white of Natchez plus the myriad shades of pink side by side, it is quite a show. For those who catch the bug for another plant society, there is a new Crapemyrtle Society looking for members. I always get asked each year for the product that suppresses suckering of crapemyrtles. It is called Tre-hold and is in a ready to spray bottle.

L. fauriei 'Townsend'.

L. fauriei 'Townsend' trunk.

L. fauriei 'Fantasy'.

Unknown old L. indica bark.

Dwarf crapemyrtle research at the Center for Applied Nursery Research in Georgia.

Please note the update on our Father’s Day Tea-cup or Bowl Lotus. The leaves and flowers of this plant make me want to start a Lotus Society. There is probably already one out there. Look at the
new page Bernice Fischman assembled or visit the Cullman North Alabama Research Center to see 80 to 100 cultivars in bloom. I think these will sell. As with all plants, we are finding a few problems. Dr. Jackie Mullen identified a bacterial leaf disease that can be pretty ugly. Unless you add some dye to the water, the algae can appear like a slimy swamp. There are some nibblers but only a few holes here and there. We did see that Japanese beetles like the flowers. That hurts! As with roses, you see their legs kicking behind them as they dive down to the center of the flower and begin their munching. Even with these problems, the plants and flowers look great! Take a look. The web page is highlighted below.

I had the SmartShield people visit me with a handful of human hair weed disc barriers this spring for trial at Auburn. University of Florida research by Dr. Yuncong Li showed good weed control and possibly more efficient use of fertilizer while using the barriers. I had wanted to try using dried bark as a mulch in containers to control weeds so I put out a replicated demonstration/research test with 3 different plants and 3 treatments in 3 gallon containers. All other production practices were equal. The idea behind the bark mulch was that if bark dries below 35% moisture content, it becomes hydrophobic and repels water. No water, no weeds. If you have ever allowed your bark piles to dry out, you have probably experienced this problem. It is very difficult to re-wet. I oven-dried some of the same bark that I used in the substrate and topped the mulch treatments with 1 inch of this dried bark Our treatments were a dried bark mulch, a control with nothing added, and SmartShield weed barrier discs.

If you are at the web site reading this newsletter you do not need statistics to assess the results. The mulch did very well for the first 6 weeks and then a few weeds began to appear. The control treatment pot surface was covered with weeds and the liners were lost in the weeds. The SmartShield was very clean except for a few escapes around the edges. I tested the bark for moisture content and it had finally re-wetted and was at 59% moisture content which supported the water needs well. The fines in the bark probably also held water in suspension and available to the weeds. However, it is not time to give up on this option. Dr. Charles Gilliam and his graduate student, Ben Richardson, were doing a similar study using coarse bark mulch with no fines and were having excellent results. They will present their research at the SNA research conference this year. The SmartShield is a good product. The question always comes down to cost. SmartShield’s literature indicates a savings of 32% over weed control with herbicide applications. They include a savings factor for reduced fertilizer. You will need to try it on your own nursery and figure in your own labor and other factors to see if it is for you.

Weed control experiment.

The control.

Pine bark.


The study after 6 months.

334-844-5484 Office


by Mike Potter and Dan Potter
University of Kentucky

Adult Japanese beetles and masked chafers have begun to emerge. As is usually the case, it is difficult to predict how serious a problem these pests will be. Both Japanese beetles and masked chafers lay eggs in moist soil under turf. Their grubs then feed on turfgrass roots. Options for protecting landscape plants from foliage feeding adults are as follows:

Plant Selection: The best way to avoid perennial battles with adult Japanese beetles is to select plant material that is less preferred.

Hand Picking and Exclusion: For smaller plants, it may be practical simply to remove the beetles by hand. Volatile odors released from beetle-damaged leaves attract more beetles. By not allowing Japanese beetles to accumulate, plants will be less attractive to other beetles. One of the easiest ways to remove beetles from small plants is to shake them off early in the morning when the insects are sluggish. The beetles may be killed by shaking them into a bucket of soapy water. Highly valued plants such as roses can be protected by covering them with cheesecloth or other fine netting during peak beetle activity (usually late June to mid-July).

Insecticides: Carbaryl (Sevin) and several pyrethroid products such as bifenthrin (TalstarOne), cyfluthrin (Tempo, Bayer Advanced Lawn & Garden Multi-Insect Killer), deltamethrin (Deltaguard), lambda cyhalothrin (Scimitar, Spectracide Triazicide), and permethrin are labeled for control of adult Japanese beetles. The pyrethroids generally gave 2-3 weeks protection of plant foliage while carbaryl gave 1-2 weeks protection. Foliage and flowers should be thoroughly treated. The application may need to be repeated to prevent re-infestation during the adult flight period. Follow label directions and avoid spraying under windy conditions. For gardeners seeking a botanical alternative, Neem (e.g., Azatrol, Neem-Away from Gardens Alive), or Pyola (pyrethrins in canola oil) provided about 3-4 days deterrence of Japanese beetle feeding. Insecticidal soap, extracts of garlic, hot pepper, or orange peels, and companion planting, however, were found to be non-effective.

White Grubs: There is no reliable way to predict whether any given year will be a bad one for white grubs - the immature, turf-feeding stages of Japanese beetles, masked chafers, and certain other beetles. Moreover, since grub infestations tend to be localized and sporadic, only small percentages (< 10 percent) of lawns require treatment, even in bad years for grubs.

Indicators of Infestation: White grubs and their resultant damage are not usually evident until August or September. Although sampling the turf is the only way to confirm that grubs are present, certain factors may indicate an increased risk of infestation later in the season. If your turf has a history of serious grub problems, there is a greater chance that adult beetles will return and re-infest the same areas. Sites with large numbers of adult beetles in June and July are more likely to have grubs in late summer. Early warning signs include swarms of brown, ˝-inch long masked chafer beetles skimming over the turf at dusk, or green June beetles buzz-bombing the turf by day in search of mates and egg-laying sites. Masked chafer and May beetle adults are also attracted to porch and streetlights at night. Heavy infestations of adult Japanese beetles feeding in the area might also foretell subsequent problems with grubs of that species.

Rainfall and soil moisture are critical factors affecting the extent of grub damage during a season. Frequent irrigation in June and July may attract egg-laying female beetles to the turf, especially if surrounding areas are dry. High soil moisture also increases egg survival. If lawns are irrigated during periods of dryness in June and July, be especially alert for signs of grubs later in the summer. Conversely, adequate soil moisture in August and September (when grubs are actively feeding) can help to hide root injury. Irrigated turf can sometimes tolerate 20 or more grubs per square foot before showing signs of injury.

Treatment Strategies: Two different strategies are available for controlling white grubs with insecticides: preventive and curative. Each approach has its own merits and limitations. With preventive control, the insecticide is applied as insurance, before a potential grub problem develops. Consequently, preventive control is best suited for high-risk sites with a history of grub problems, or turf sites where heavy beetle activity is noted. Preventive control requires the use of insecticides with long residual activity in soil. Look for products containing the active ingredient imidacloprid (e.g. Merit®, Bayer Advanced* Season-Long Grub Control) or halofenozide (e.g. Mach 2®). Both of those ingredients have sufficient soil persistence to apply anytime from early June to mid-July and still control young grubs hatching from eggs from mid-July to early August. The optimum treatment period for these products is mid-June to mid-July.

Preventive treatments afford greater flexibility in application timing, and are easier to schedule and implement than are curative treatments. They often afford greater peace of mind to golf superintendents and lawn service companies because potential damage is avoided or minimized. The main drawback of preventive grub control is that the decision to treat must be made before knowing the extent of infestation. Grub outbreaks tend to be localized and sporadic and only a small percentage of lawns require treatment in a given year. Thus, preventive control often results in areas being treated unnecessarily. Good record keeping and observation will help in pinpointing grub-prone areas, which are the most logical candidates for preventive applications.

With curative control, treatment is applied in late summer - typically August or September - after the eggs have hatched and grubs are present. Ideally, the decision to treat is based on site inspection and sampling or past history of infestation. Since white grub infestations tend to be localized, the entire lawn often will not need to be treated. Grub "hot spots," which can be confirmed by sampling, are most likely to be full sun, south or west-facing slopes, lawns seeded with Kentucky bluegrass, lawns that were heavily irrigated during June and July, and turf areas that were damaged by grubs in previous years.

Proper timing of curative grub treatments can be tricky. Insecticides applied before early August may degrade before the eggs have hatched, whereas if the product is applied in late August or September, the grubs will be large and harder to kill and severe damage to turf may have already occurred. Granular formulations containing the active ingredient trichlorfon (e.g. Dylox, Bayer Advanced 24-hour Grub Control) are the fastest-acting, most effective insecticides for curative grub control. There is little benefit in applying a short-lived, curative-type product for white grubs in June or July.


The Alabama Fruit and Vegetable Growers' website is currently being developed. There is a "Grower Locator" section with information that growers and industry representatives have provided. To view both lists please go to: http://www.aces.edu/department/associations/afvga/AFVGA_grower_locator.html If you are currently not listed and would like to be, fill out the application on the AFVGA website and send in your dues. Hopefully, by the end of the summer, all members will be listed and this will be a great resource. If you have any comments or questions concerning the AFVGA website please contact Joe Kemble at 334/844-3050 or by email at jkemble@acesag.auburn.edu.


The Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) finalized the Nursery Crop Insurance Provisions: FCIC also finalizes the Nursery Peak Inventory Endorsement to reflect changes made in the Nursery Crop Provisions and adds a new Rehabilitation Endorsement to provide a rehabilitation payment for field grown plants to compensate them for rehabilitation costs for plants that will recover from an insured cause of loss. Effective Date: June 28, 2005.

For further information or a copy of the Cost-Benefit Analysis, contact Stephen Hoy, Risk Management Specialist, Research and Development, Product Development Division, United States Department of Agriculture, 6501 Beacon Drive, Stop 0812, Room 421, Kansas City, MO, 64146, telephone (816) 926-7730.

To see the entire document go to:


A question we often get is what type of grass/lawn do I have? I was looking at the weather site at http://www.weather.com and saw this question and right-clicked the button and was pleasantly surprised by Scott's well done horticulture helper. Check it out! You can go to the site above which noone would ever remember or just remember http://www.lawncare.com and it will take you to the beginning and you can find your way to the answer and many others.

(from GMPRO, July 5, 2005).


We are happy to announce that we now have 8 chapters of a publication on Lotus by Dr. Hongwen Huang, Director of the Wuhan Botanical Institute in China, available on our AU Lotus Project website. The Chinese have been growing and enjoying these beautiful plants for a very long time. This link will take you to our lotus homepage and you can click on the link to Dr. Huang's information. We uploaded over 100 photos this month so, while you are at the homepage click on some of the plants to see how lovely they are. Below are a few samples:

Beautiful Bowl

Guifei Zhuijiu

Little Princess

Purple Gold

Purple Glow

Zhaojun Guying


Everyone loves new plants! Check out the industry's most comprehensive list of new annual bedding plants, compiled into one neat package by Managing Editor Jyme Mariani. Exclusive to the Green Beam.

(from GMPRO, July 5, 2005).


Beginning October 1, Connecticut's 169 towns will be able to ban plants. The state Legislature failed to pass Senate Bill 590 before adjourning in June, which would have extended the prohibition on town bans. Connecticut Green Industries, which consists of the state's nursery and greenhouse growers, landscapers and florists, strongly opposes letting individual towns impose plant bans, favoring instead a statewide policy. Failure to pass a statewide policy is expected to lead to cities drafting model ordinances aimed at banning additional plants not among the 81 the state has already banned. The Connecticut Nursery & Landscape Association is asking its members to monitor their town council agendas and to report any activity related to invasive plants to the CNLA office.

(from GMPRO, July 5, 2005).


Jackie Mullen, Extension Plant Pathology Specialist-Auburn
Jim Jacobi, Extension Plant Pathology Specialist-Birmingham
Charles Ray, Research Fellow IV-Auburn

Auburn Plant Disease Report-May 2005 (J. Mullen)
May was a busy month for plant samples. We received 240 samples. Many of these samples (83) were from the Alabama State Department of Agriculture, taken as part of the State-USDA survey of nurseries for sudden oak death. Also, we received 14 homeowner landscape samples, collected by the Alabama State Department of Agriculture Inspectors. Thus far, we have had ten ELISA Phytophthora positive samples. These Phytophthora samples may or may not be Phytophthora ramorum. The DNA for these samples will be sent to the Beltsville Lab for PCR analysis.

In May, we received 13 kudzu & soybean samples as part of the Auburn University-Alabama Cooperative Extension System-Alabama State Department-USDA survey for Asian soybean rust. Thus far we have not been able to confirm Asian soybean rust on kudzu or soybeans. We have found bacterial leaf spots (suspect Pseudomonas) and Cercospora leaf spot diseases.

Our usual May diseases were seen. Powdery mildews were common occurrences on a variety of plants. Anthracnose leaf spots, Cercospora leaf spots, rusts on a variety of plants (but not on soybean or kudzu!), brown patch disease on turf were commonly seen in May.

May Plant Diseases Seen In The Auburn Plant Diagnostic Lab
BermudaLeaf Rust (Puccinia sp.)Geneva
Blue BonnetCercospora Leaf SpotCrenshaw
CamelliaAnthracnose (Colletotrichum)Tuscaloosa
CatalpaAlternaria Leaf SpotMobile
CentipedeBrown Patch (Rhizoctonia)Covington
CentipedeTake-All Patch (Gaeumannomyces)Henry, Russell
DogwoodPowdery MildewLee
GardeniaAnthracnose (Colletotrichum)Pike
GardeniaSooty MoldPike
HawthornAnthracnose Leaf Spot (Colletotrichum)Autauga
HawthornBotryosphaeria Twig CankerAutauga
HydrangeaPowdery MildewMobile
IrisRust (Puccinia icidis)Baldwin
KudzuBacterial Leaf Spot (poss. Pseudomonas)?
Magnolia virginianaPhyllosticta Leaf SpotTuscaloosa
Maple, JapanesePhytophthora Root Rot*
Mexican PetuniaRustBaldwin
PineRhizosphaeria Needle CastLauderdale
RhododendronCercospora Leaf SpotJefferson
RoseCommon Canker (Coniothyrium fuckelii)Lee
St. AugustineTake-All Patch (Gaeumannomyces)Jefferson
ZinniaBacterial Leaf SpotLee
ZoysiaBrown Patch (Rhizoctonia)Jefferson, Montgomery
ZoysiaRust (Puccinia)Jefferson
ZoysiaSpring Dead Spot (Gaeumannomyces)Jefferson, Shelby
ZoysiaTake-All Patch (Gaeumannomyces)Jefferson, Marshall
*Counties are not reported for nursery, greenhouse, and golf course samples.

Monthly Plant Problem Report From The Birmingham Lab (J. Jacobi)
We received 121 samples during May. Common problems included Phylloxera on hickory and pecan, leaf gall on camellia, and herbicide damage to various trees.

Timber rot was seen for the first time in our lab. This disease is caused by the fungus Sclerotinia, and it characterized by a light brown stem rot, either at the soil line or some distance above the ground. Under moist conditions, a white mold forms on the stem surface. A lengthwise slice up the stem shows internal hollowing, white mold, and small black sclerotia. Disease development is favored by cool, wet weather and should quickly run its course as the weather warms this summer. For reference, see the following extension publication (http://www.ext.vt.edu/pubs/plantdiseasefs/450-712/450-712.html). Control measures for homeowners are limited to crop rotation, while commercial growers can also utilize timely applications of fungicides (Endura provides the best control) to prevent disease.

MAY 2005 Plant Diseases Seen In The Birmingham Plant Diagnostic Lab
AzaleaPhomopsis BlightJefferson
AzaleaTwo-Spotted Spider MitesShelby
BasilFour-Lined Plant BugsJefferson
Birch, RiverAnthracnose (Cryptocline)Jefferson
Birch, RiverSpiny Witch Hazel Gall AphidsJefferson(2)
BoxwoodBoxwood MitesJefferson
Camellia, SasanquaLeaf Gall (Exobasidium)Jefferson(3)
ColumbineLeaf Miner (Phytomyza)Jefferson
Crape MyrtlePowdery MildewJefferson
Cypress, LeylandBlack Twig BorerJefferson
Elm, DrakeLeaf Spot (Gloesporium)Jefferson
GinkgoHerbicide DamageJefferson
Hydrangea, OakleafArmillaria Root RotJefferson
Hydrangea, OakleafBacterial Leaf SpotJefferson
LantanaLantana LacebugTuscaloosa
LoropetalumFalse Spider MitesJefferson
Magnolia, SouthernAlgal Leaf SpotJefferson
Magnolia, SouthernHerbicide DamageJefferson
Maple, JapaneseBotryosphaeria CankerJefferson
Maple, SugarMarginal Leaf ScorchJefferson
MayappleRust (Puccinia)Jefferson
MondograssAnthracnose (Colletotrichum)Jefferson
NandinaTwo-Spotted Spider MitesJefferson
Oak, PinObscure ScaleJefferson
Oak, RedHerbicide DamageJefferson
Oak, WhiteHerbicide DamageJefferson
Oak, WillowLichenJefferson
Poplar, TulipHerbicide DamageJefferson(2)
RoseBlack Spot (Diplocarpon)Jefferson, Shelby
RoseThrips (Flower Damage)Jefferson
RoseTwo-Spotted Spider MitesJefferson
RosemaryEriophyid MitesJefferson
SnapdragonPythium Root RotJefferson
Spirea, BridalwreathArmillaria Root RotJefferson
Linden, LittleleafSpring CankerwormJefferson
Weeping WillowArmillaria Root RotJefferson
ZoysiaLarge Patch (Rhizoctonia)Jefferson
ZoysiaLeaf Rust (Puccinia)Shelby

Jefferson Privet Ornamental Japanese Maple Scale*
Jefferson Pin Oak Ornamental Obscure Scale
Pike Gardenia Ornamental Citrus Whitefly
Autauga Camellia Ornamental Tea Scale, Camellia Scale
Autauga Camellia Ornamental Tea Scale, Camellia Scale
Bullock Zoysiagrass Turf Zoysiagrass Mite
Mobile Centipede Grass Turf Bermudagrass Scale
Cullman Ornamental Cherry Ornamental Asian Ambrosia Beetle
Baldwin Holly Ornamental Clay Colored Leaf Beetle
Mobile Elm Ornamental Aphids, Wax Scales
Tuscaloosa River Birch Ornamental Birch Aphid
Calhoun Hickory Ornamental Hickory Leaf Stem Gall Aphid
Lee Oak Ornamental Osborn Scale
Houston Weeping Mulberry Ornamental White Peach Scale
Pike Euonymus Ornamental Cottony Cushion Scale
*Japanese Maple Scale, Lopholeucaspis ja ponica, is a new state record.


August 11-13, 2005:
SNA 2005.
Georgia World Congress Center, Building C.
If you have any additional questions, please contact the SNA Office:
Southern Nursery Association, Inc.
1827 Powers Ferry Road SE Ste 4-100
Atlanta, GA 30339-8422
Voice: (770) 953-3311
Fax: (770) 953-4411
Email: mail@sna.org
Website: http://www.sna.org

August 25-27, 2005:
The Farwest Show.
Portland, Oregon, Oregon Convention Center.
Contact Aimee Schendel, Oregon Association of Nurserymen, 29751 SW Town Center Loop West, Wilsonville, OR 97070; 800-342-6401; 503-682-5089 x 2006; Fax, 503-682-5099; e-mail, info@farwestshow.com

September 16-18 2005:
Southern Christmas Tree Association Annual Meeting.
Beavers Christmas Tree Farm
Trafford, Alabama.
For more information go to www.southernchristmastrees.org

September 9-10, 2005:
The Southern Plant Conference.
Louisville, Kentucky.
Contact: Matt Gardiner, KY Coordinator, 502-245-0238: e-mail, matthew624@aol.com; or Betsie Taylor, KNLA Exec. Dir., 350 Village Drive, Frankfort, KY 40601; 502-848-0055 or 800-735-9791, Fax 502-848-0032 e-mail knla@mis.net
URL: http://www.knla.org
or Danny Summers at SNA, 770-953-3311; Fax 770-953-4411; SNA Infoline, 770-953-4636; e-mail, danny@mail.sna.org;
URL: http://www.sna.org

September 24-30, 2005
Alabama Farmers Federation Horticultural Tour.
Niagra Region of Canada
Contact Brian Hardin at 800-392-5705, ext.4217 or bhardin@alfafarmers.org

September 30 - October 1, 2005:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticultural Trade Show.
McMinnville Civic Center, McMinnville, TN
For more information contact Ann Halcomb by: phone: 931-668-7322; fax: 931-668-9601; e-mail: mtna@blomand.net,
http://www.mtna.com/ or http://www.southeasternnursery.com/mtna/

October 3-4, 2005
North Alabama Middle Tennessee Tour
Hosted by Alabama Nursery and Landscape Association
For more information contact Linda VanDyke at ALNLA: 334-821-5148

January 5-6, 2006:
Mid-States Horticultural Expo.
Kentucky Fairgrounds, Louisville, Kentucky.
NOTE: Kentucky will host this new winter trade show. The event was created with cooperation from the Kentucky Nursery & Landscape Association, the Tennessee Nursery & Landscape Association, and the Southern Nursery Association. The Kentucky Fairgrounds is a 400-acre facility with more than 1 million square feet of indoor space.

February 2-4, 2006:
Gulf States Horticultural Expo.
Mobile Convention Center, Mobile, Alabama.
For more information email: info@gshe.org
Voicemail: 334-502-7777
Fax: 334-502-7711

August 24-26, 2006:
The Farwest Show.
Portland, Oregon, Oregon Convention Center.
Contact Aimee Schendel, Oregon Association of Nurserymen, 29751 SW Town Center Loop West, Wilsonville, OR 97070; 800-342-6401; 503-682-5089 x 2006; Fax, 503-682-5099; e-mail, info@farwestshow.com
URL: http://www.farwestshow.com

October 6-7, 2006:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticultural Trade Show.
McMinnville Civic Center, McMinnville, TN
For more information contact Ann Halcomb by: phone: 931-668-7322; fax: 931-668-9601; e-mail: mtna@blomand.net,
http://www.mtna.com/ or http://www.southeasternnursery.com/mtna/

August 23-25, 2007:
The Farwest Show.
Portland, Oregon, Oregon Convention Center.
Contact Aimee Schendel, Oregon Association of Nurserymen, 29751 SW Town Center Loop West, Wilsonville, OR 97070; 800-342-6401, 503-682-5089 x 2006; Fax, 503.682.5099; e-mail, info@farwestshow.com
URL: http://www.farwestshow.com

October 5-6, 2007:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticultural Trade Show.
McMinnville Civic Center, McMinnville, TN
For more information contact Ann Halcomb by: phone: 931-668-7322; fax: 931-668-9601; e-mail: mtna@blomand.net,
http://www.mtna.com/ or http://www.southeasternnursery.com/mtna/

Send horticultural questions and comments to ktilt@acesag.auburn.edu.

Send questions and comments to fischbr@auburn.edu.

Letters to Bernice Fischman - 101 Funchess Hall - Auburn University, AL 36849.