July 2002


Ken's musings

It is July; it is Alabama Hot and a good time/excuse to put thoughts together at the computer. I have been watching the plant world and people for years as well as other markets and I think there is a big opportunity to tap the masses’ insatiable appetite or affliction to COLLECT STUFF. We can use this unquenchable thirst for collecting to expand our horticultural base, get new products in the market and compete for value added dollars being spent in other areas of the economy. At the same time, we will be providing a service to our communities by introducing them to the incredible array of plants available to enhance the economic, aesthetic and environmental value to their homes and businesses.

Marketing to collectors is not new. In other markets, it has been coins, stamps, art work, china figurines and rising to the masses with Cabbage Patch Dolls, Barbie’s Everything, Beanie Babies, and GI Joes. All of our hobbies involve collecting. Golfers, hunters, fishermen all have to have the right STUFF and the best Stuff so we can satisfy whatever psychological cravings we have. I do not want to analyze our “problem?”, but as long as it is there, we might as well use it to our advantage in our industry. It is also not new to our industry. Jackson and Perkins has been selling rose collections for years. I remember the State series of African Violets. Many in our industry business have targeted this need in people but there is opportunity to make plant collecting a country-wide phenomenon.

I have always referred to peoples’ passion for plants as “Got-to-have-it-itis Disease”. You know the symptoms. Probably seventy-five percent of all nursery producers are afflicted and carriers of the disease. Others are probably better business people and refer to all their plants as units with no psychological attachment. I have not decided if these people are better off or not. They may have an advantage over the impaired majority in that they can rationally and unemotionally analyze the rest of us and calculate a strategy to slowly feed our obsession until we are hopelessly addicted. It does not take much planning. Many people are so susceptible, one plant will send them off on a never ending spiral through the plant world. Like bees, some are true to a species and focused while others are fickle and jump from one plant society to another trying to tap into the energy, excitement and passions of other plant lovers. They want to find people like themselves who have the STUFF that will make their collection and their life complete. I am not sure which plant group is the most rabid. I have heard it is hard to beat the passions of an orchid collector but the daylily, azalea, magnolia, iris, hydrangea, bulb, holly and even boxwood people can be just as frenetic in their quest for the next addition to their collection. I have decided that boxwood people must think on a different level than I do. There is some inner beauty of Buxus that us people of lesser minds do not comprehend or appreciate.

Those of you who are susceptible to the disease know the symptoms. The behaviors and reactions are unmistakeable. They are most obvious at plant auctions. Over the years I have watched and often succumbed to the pressures of the auctioneer. The pressure is intense. They use words and phrases like, rare and unusual (R&U’s for short), one of a kind, Mike Dirr put it in his private garden, a single plant spotted on a mountain top under a rock overhang at 15,000 feet, or the last plant of its kind rescued from an alligator's clutches deep in the Louisiana swamps. They also talk about the flowers and describe them as the only blue flower in existence, dripping in endless chains of incredibly fragrant racemes, 3 times the size of the normal species flower. By the time the bids begin, you are eyeing your close friends as enemies in your quest for the R&U. Daggers are machine gunned from your eyes as your “friend” keeps topping your bid. You start coldly calculating the number of cuttings you can get from the plant as you try to justify your insane bids for a “plant”. The gavel falls. You have won the Raritus elegantalum ‘Bankruptsy’ in a 4-inch pot. As you stand in line preparing to write the check you are already preparing your story to your family why the kid’s education has lower priority than a pitiful looking rooted cutting with 2 leaves. AH!!! But you just have to have the vision!

As always, I am getting carried away but I love to watch the dynamics of the auction and observe as emotions overtake reason as people try to begin or complete a collection. I think we can do a better job of exploiting this primal urge to have stuff to a wider market.

As most of us have seen, it is very difficult for anyone to get new plant material into the market. A figure often bantered around is that it takes 10 to 15 years to get a plant entrenched in the industry. Marketing plants as a collection may get new plants to the market much faster. I have been working with new nursery producers for years to find alternative niches in our market. Collectables offers an opportunity to take advantage of the collector’s mentality. We can market our products as value added, rare and unusual plants that can only be found in the back yards of the elite plantsmen and garden enthusiasts. We need to make it easy for them to collect. The EASE word is very important. People can collect now but it is tough to find all these plants in one place and probably not worth the time and trouble to most home gardeners to search catalogues and the internet to find all the new plants. You are the expert; you need to educate the consumer to the wonderful stuff they are missing. If you make it easy for them, you both win. Have you noticed the trend in other retail outlets towards convenience? (ATM’s, cut up fruit and vegetable trays at grocery stores, shrimp ready to serve...). I think we can induce cabbage patch doll/my little pony/Elmoe.. mania to the masses with proper marketing.

We have so many opportunities in this area. I was at the Hydrangea meeting last month. The names alone, without knowing anything else about the plants, are enough to entice people to buy. Our state flower, the oakleaf hydrangea would offer a great opportunity to sell ‘Snowflake’, ‘Snow Queen’, ‘Roanoke’, ‘Alison’, ‘Harmony’ and ‘Pee Wee’. No patriotic Alabama gardener should be without this collection and each is worthy of having. Harmony is impossible to find. I have tried. Container sizes for marketing your collections would need to be worked out. It would depend on the species and the number available. It could be 2 quart pots in an easy to carry tray with well labeled pots and point of purchase advertising. Daylily collections could go on forever. Butterfly bushes, viburnums, grafted Japanese Maples, annual or perennial selections, azaleas are just a few of the potential offerings. In our azalea trials at Auburn University headed by Dr. Keever, we have 600 cultivars under evaluation and that is a small sampling of what is in the collectors’ gardens. A few trays of 8 to 12 plants each could probably sell as a collection for two times the price you could get for them as individual plants.

Growers could include blooming pictures and permanent tags for the Collectors’ gardens. A marketing display would be bigger than life in the independent or mass retailer’s business. There could be collections of different species of butterfly garden plants in one easy-to-handle carrying flat with color identified pots to highlight the added value of the Collectibles. With plants grown in 2-quart pots, the production price would go down and you could possibly get 2 to 3 crops per year.

Again, this idea is not new. I noticed that Cottage Hill Nursery in Mobile, AL was selling a 6 pack of different cultivars of ivies. There is an opportunity to get people hooked on plants. As you drive through 75% of our neighborhoods, you can see the potential we have to expand our industry and opportunities for our producers. Use your imagination and give it a try. You are doing the American consumer a service. How can you get the same enjoyment from a room full of Beanie Babies or a few trunks of comic books as you can from a collection of magnolias, camellias or ornamental grasses? Do not underestimate the diversity of gardeners. There are boxwood collectors out there that would go to incredible lengths to get the newest green ball. (I am sure that line will get some reaction – I wrote it with a smile so do not be too offended.)

Now that I have that out of my system, I will move on to other items. I am very excited about our program at Auburn on September 3rd through the 5th where we will be showing AU Horticulture on Display. At 10:30 AM on Tuesday, the 3rd, we will be having our golf tournament and sporting clays events. I am not a good golfer but I am worse with a shot gun so I will be going with those people on the links at the Robert Trent Jones Lakes Course. It is worth the trip just to ride around on this beautiful course. Tuesday afternoon we will drive over to Moore and Davis Nursery in Shorter for dinner and to enjoy their hospitality and see the nursery. Alabama Nurserymen’s Association is co-sponsoring the event. Linda VanDyke, Executive Secretary of ANA and I recently visited the nursery. Their plants look great. All those years of work and experience have paid off. It shows! Wednesday we will have a nursery and landscape educational program highlighting our faculty and cooperators. We will also tour the new greenhouse renovations that you helped us promote for the Horticulture Department. We want to show it off and we want a chance to thank you for your support. Wednesday night we will have an informal reception followed by dinner at the AU Conference Center. Thursday will be the greenhouse educational program. I hope you can come and meet the faculty and students. We finally have a facility that we can be proud of and it is just the beginning! Get your calendar now and mark off those days. We want you to be a part of our program.

Ken

DISCLAIMER: Please remember that all information presented is a summary of research and not an endorsement of any product or a recommendation of chemicals. The official labels from the manufacturing companies offer the legal and proper use and handling information for all products.


The following articles are featured in this month's Something to Grow On:

THE ANA HORTICULTURE EXPRESS

SOYBEAN OIL CONTROLS TWO-SPOTTED SPIDER MITES ON BURNING BUSH

DATE OF POTTING AND FERTILIZATION AFFECTS PLANT GROWTH, MINERAL NUTRIENT CONTENT, AND SUBSTRATE ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY

ROOT PRUNING BUT NOT IRRIGATION IN THE NURSERY AFFECTS LIVE OAK ROOT BALLS AND DIGGING SURVIVAL

PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES FOR HIGHRISE AND SEEDLING LIVE OAK

EVALUATION OF SELECTED BACTERICIDES FOR THE CONTROL OF FIRE BLIGHT ON CRABAPPLE

IN BLOOM FOR JULY

PLANT PATHOLOGY REPORT

UPCOMING EVENTS


THE ANA HORTICULTURE EXPRESS - AUGUST 26 - 28

End the summer by joining the ANA on a three-day tour of some of the greenest corners of the southeast. The tour will depart from Auburn and stop at Picadilly Farms in Bishop, GA. They specialize in hellebores, hostas, shade perennials, dwarf conifers and unusual shrubs. In Athens, GA the tour will visit Dr. Alan Armitage's Trial Garden. Over 600 taxa of annual and perennial plants are evaluated in the gardens. Lexington, GA will be the next stop with a visit to Goodness Grows, a retail business that specializes in herbaceous perennials.

The first night will be spent in Thomson where two nurseries will be visited. R.O. Dudley Nursery, a year round container business offers 345 varieties of plants and employs 133 people full time. McCorkle Nurseries, Inc. focuses on container grown woody ornamentals, evergreens, small trees and a color program consisting of perennials, grasses and roses. The next stop will be at the South Carolina Botanical Gardens featuring the Azalea and Camellia Trails, the Pioneer, Wildflower and Bog Gardens, the Miller Dwarf Conifer Garden and the Flower and Tun Display Garden. In Seneca, SC the tour will visit the Head-Lee Nursery, a thriving nursery since 1982.

Night two will be spent in York, SC. In the morning the group will tour Stacy's Greenhouse, boasting the "most modern perennnial nursery in the world". They specialize in perennnials, pansies and specialty annuals and in shipping plants in 3-5 days. On the way back to Auburn the Transplant Nursery will be the last stop, a wholesale nursery specializing in the production of hybrid rhododendron and other ericaceous plants. All plants are container grown.

Register early as space is limited. Email for further information and to request a registration form: alna@prodigy.net or call 334-821-5148.


SOYBEAN OIL CONTROLS TWO-SPOTTED SPIDER MITES ON BURNING BUSH

Summer sprays of soybean oil can effectively control populations of two-spotted spidermites with minimal phytotoxicity to burning bush plants (Euonymus alatus Thunb. Sieb. 'Compactus'). Because mites often develop resistance to synthetic pesticides, control is often difficult. To date no insect species has been reported to have developed resistance to vegetable or petroleum oils. A single spray of 0.75% or 1.0% or two sprays of 0.25% or 0.5% soybean oil gave effective mite control.

Soybean oil did not greatly reduce predaceous mite populations. It is especially useful for the reduction of mite populations during the summer. Soybean oil is a readily available renewable agricultural product that is safe to the applicator and to the environment.

(from the above-named article by Aaron L. Lancaster, Dennis E. Deyton, Carl E. Sams, John C. Cummins, Charles D. Pless and Donna C. Fare published in Journal of Environmental Horticulture, Volume 20, Number 2, June 2002).


DATE OF POTTING AND FERTILIZATION AFFECTS PLANT GROWTH, MINERAL NUTRIENT CONTENT,
AND SUBSTRATE ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY

This study was done to help growers decide when and how to pot their plants. Since nursery managers want to produce high quality plants throughout the year, information on fertilization rates and their interaction with potting dates is very useful. Applying fertilizer in the fall has not been encouraged in the past. However, concerns over winter injury to 'Compacta' holly and 'Chindo' viburnum fertilized with typical rates of fertilization and grown in Raleigh, NC, may be unfounded regardless of time of potting. Based on the growth data from this study, growers should apply the full rate of fertilizer at potting regardless of potting time. Plants potted in the late summer/fall outperformed all other potting times. Growers may want to do more fall potting instead of concentrating on spring.

At this time it is not known if the above applies to many other woody species.

(from the above-named article by R. Lee Ivy, Ted E. Bilderback, and Stuart L. Warren published in Journal of Environmental Horticulture, Volume 20, Number 2, June 2002).


ROOT PRUNING BUT NOT IRRIGATION IN THE NURSERY AFFECTS LIVE OAK ROOT BALLS AND DIGGING SURVIVAL

Difficulty harvesting trees planted in nurseries is a perennial problem. Large horizontal or vertical roots make harvesting problemmatic. The application of root-pruning fabric at the bottom of liners when planting into the field nursery prevented the development of large vertical roots. By inhibiting the large vertical root, the growth of roots close to the soil surface resulted in excellent digging survival. Using a shovel to do lateral root pruning also reduced the number of large diameter roots when trees where harvested at 2.5 inch caliper size.

Increasing the ratio of small diameter to large diameter roots is important for surviving the digging process in coarsely rooted field grown trees. Live oak trees grown in well-drained sandy nursery fields were used in this study. Results also indicated that root-pruned live oak can be dug in summer as well as the more traditional winter period.

(from the above-named article by Edward F. Gilman, Ann Stodola, and Michael D. Marshall, published in Journal of Environmental Horticulture, Volume 20, Number 2, June 2002).


PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES FOR
HIGHRISE AND SEEDLING LIVE OAK

The nursery trade is beginning to introduce cutting propagated Quercus virginiana 'QVTIA' Highrise (live oak) cultivars in the warmest United States growing zones. Because of their novelty, not much is known about their root system and pruning requirements.

The best quality shade trees are trained to one leader in the center part of the canopy. Live oak trees grown from seed are extremely variable and need to be pruned skillfully. They are therefore difficult to grow and sell. Cutting propagated live oak cultivars have a unique, consistent habit and are easier to prepare for sale.

Cutting propagated trees better survived the digging process. Root pruning increased the survival rates of both kinds of trees when harvested in the summer. All Highrise survived winter digging regardless of root pruning treatment. Highrise and seedlings required the same pruning attention.

Highrise cuttings survived winter digging regardless of root pruning treatment. The shoot pruning requirements were almost identical for Highrise and seedlings.

(from the above named article by Edward F. Gilman, Ann Stodola, and Michael D. Marshall, published in Journal of Environmental Horticulture, Volume 20, Number 2, June 2002).


EVALUATION OF SELECTED BACTERICIDES FOR THE CONTROL OF FIRE BLIGHT ON CRABAPPLE

Fire blight is a very widespread and damaging disease in orchards, nurseries and landscapes on fruit trees as well as ornamental shrubs and small flowering trees. Over a period of years outbreaks of this disease can badly disfigure and even kill these plants.

Control by bactericides for this disease on ornamentals is not currently available. The resulting information from this 3-year study is as follows: Agrimycin 17 21.2 W (streptomycin sulfate) gave consistent disease control on the fire blight-susceptible crabapple cultivar 'Snowdrift'. The only damage was limited to blighting of a few blossom clusters and was noticeably below the levels recorded on the unsprayed controls. Damage from Agrimycin 17 treated trees was minor. Two products registered for fire blight control on woody ornamentals, Aliette WDG, Phyton 27 and a dormant application of Kocide 101 77W, failed to provide crabapples protection from this disease. The experimental fungicide, fluazinam 500F also did not protect against fire blight.

Previous studies have shown that the production and establishment of fire blight-resistant cultivars, rather than the intensive and costly spray program used in this research, remains the perferred method of preventing significant damage from outbreaks of this disease in the nursery and landscape.

(from the above named article by A.K. Hagan and J.R. Akridge, published in Journal of Environmental Horticulture, Volume 20, Number 2, June 2002).


IN BLOOM FOR JULY

When we launched our website a few years ago we had big plans. One of those plans was to photograph plants in bloom throughout the year. We have just done the plants for July and invite you to take a look at them. The URL is http://www.ag.auburn.edu/landscape/inbloomjuly.html. Digital cameras are capable of producing very lovely images. Hopefully, August will be done this summer too.


PLANT PATHOLOGY REPORT

AUBURN PLANT DISEASE REPORT- MAY
Jackie Mullen
Extension Plant Pathology Specialist

May-July is our busiest time in the lab, and this past May was no exception with 187 plant samples received.

Oak leaf blister, Rhizoctonia diseases, and tomato spotted wilt virus on tomato were our commonly-seen diseases in May. Also, cold damage effects on landscape shrubs were still being observed.

Oak leaf blister, caused by the fungus Taphrina caerulescens, is easily recognized on many oaks. The spots are light brown and generally puckered with one side being concave and the other side being convex. On red oaks, spots are not as distinctively puckered and may be confused with oak blotch, caused by the fungus Monochaetia. Generally, sanitation is the only recommendation for control of leaf spot diseases on established trees. With small trees, Bordeaux mixture, chlorothalonil, or a mancozeb fungicide applied once at budswell will give some protective disease control for oak leaf blister.

Rhizoctonia was diagnosed as brown patch on bermuda, centipede, and zoysia. This disease was also seen as a lower stem rot (sore shin) and root rot of garden bean, cotton, and okra. When conditions are humid, a fine, light brown, mycelial webbing may be seen with a visual inspection. Sanitation and fungicide treatments may be used to help control this disease.

Tomato spotted wilt virus on tomato was widespread in gardens. The youngest leaves were generally stunted with some yellow or purple mottling. Young mature leaves showed varying stages of bronzed-black leaf spotting and blotch with ring spots occasionally present. Sometimes whole leaves were covered with a bronze or black mottle. Sometimes only one half the leaf was affected. Plants also displayed varying degrees of wilting. Damaged plants should be removed. Depending upon the situation, thrips control with insecticides may help. This is a difficult disease to control. See ANR-836 for more information.

May 2002 Plant Diseases Seen In The Plant Diagnostic Lab at Auburn

PLANTDISEASECOUNTY
AzaleaColletotrichum Leaf Spot*
Beans, GardenAnthracnose (Colletotrichum)Elmore
Beans, GardenRhizoctonia Stem RotChoctaw, Elmore
BermudaBrown Patch (Rhizoctonia)Montgomery
BermudaHelminthosporium Leaf SpotAutauga
BuddleiaColletotrichum Leaf SpotRussell
Birch, RiverSooty MoldCovington
CedarSlime MoldCovington
CentipedeAnthracnose (Colletotrichum)Montgomery
CentipedeBrown Patch (Rhizoctonia)Covington, Montgomery
CentipedeTake-All Patch (Gaeumannomyces)Montgomery
CherrySeptoria Leaf SpotLee
CottonAlternaria Leaf SpotDallas
CottonRhizoctonia Crown RotDallas
CryptomeriaPythium Crown and Root RotDallas
Daisy, GerberaPowdery MildewCleburne, *
DaylilyKabatiella Leaf StreakLee
DaylilyRust (Puccinia) *
GrapeBlack Rot (Guignardia)Franklin
Holly, >Carissa=Phoma Leaf SpotLee
Holly, Dwarf BurfordPhytophthora Crown RotMontgomery
Ivy, EnglishBacterial Leaf SpotLee
JacobiniaImpatiens Necrotic Spot Virus *
Juniper, EasternCedar-Apple Rust Gymnosporangium)Montgomery
Maple, JapanesePhyllosticta Leaf Spot *
Million-BellsPythium Root RotBaldwin
MondograssAnthracnose (Colletotrichum)Lee
OakOak Leaf Blister (Taphrina)Cullman, Franklin, Lee
OkraRhizoctonia Crown & Root RotPerry
Pear, BradfordFireblight (Erwinia amylovora)Covington, Greene
PepperSouthern Blight (Sclerotium rolfsii)Elmore
PlumBlack Knot (Plowrightia morbosum)Covington
SedumColletotrichum Leaf Spot *
ShamrockRust (Puccinia)Lee
St. AugustineTake-all Patch (Gaeumannomyces graminis graminis)Elmore
TomatoBacterial Wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum)Russell
TomatoSclerotium rolfsii BlightLawrence
TomatoTomato Spotted Wilt VirusBarbour, Butler, Covington, Elmore, Macon, Madison, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike, Russell
WheatTan Spot (Drechslera tritici-repentis)Specialist Sample; No Location Given
ZoysiaBrown Patch (Rhizoctonia solani)Lee
ZoysiaRust (Puccinia)Lee, Montgomery, Russell
ZoysiaTake-all Patch (Gaeumanomyces)Jefferson
*Counties are not reported for greenhouse and nursery samples.

BIRMINGHAM PLANT DISEASE REPORT - MAY
J. Jacobi
Extension Plant Pathology Specialist

The lab received 145 samples for the month of May. Diseases of tomato, trees and turf were the most common problems found during the month of May.

Two zoysiagrass samples had damage caused by the feeding of the Zoysiagrass mite. These tiny Eriophyid mites (1/20-inch) are 'wormlike' in shape and barely visible with a 10 or 20X handlens. They differ from noneriophyid mites by having four legs instead of eight. The Zoysiagrass mite is native to Japan and Korea, but was accidentally introduced into the United States in 1982. The feeding of the mites causes one edge of the leaf to roll over, which appears as a thin yellowish edge to the leaf. The mites are concealed under this rolled edge. In some cases, the leaf tip may get caught in rolled edge giving the leaf an arched or 'buggy whipped' appearance. Generally, no serious damage occurs from the mite and the effects are mainly cosmetic. Both 'Meyer' (Z-52) and 'Emerald' zoysiagrass can be affected. Reports indicate that the control of this mite can be difficult, but insecticides that contain lamda-cyhalothrin (Scimitar, Spectricide Triacide) and diazinon (multiple brand names) are registered for mites on turfgrass. Check the specific pesticide label for directions and restrictions.

2002 May Diseases Seen In The Birmingham Plant Diagnostic Lab

PLANTDISEASECOUNTY
ArborvitaeSpruce Spider MitesJefferson
AzaleaLace BugsJefferson (3)
BermudagrassAlgaeJefferson (2)
BermudagrassCurvularia *(2)
BermudagrassHelminthosporium Leaf Spot *(2)
BentgrassAnthracnose *
BentgrassDollar Spot *
BoxwoodLeaf MinerJefferson
Brussel SproutBlack Rot (Xanthomonas)Jefferson
CentipedegrassBrown PatchJefferson
Clematis, EvergreenPythium Root RotJefferson
Christmas CactusRhizoctonia Stem RotJefferson
Cinnamon TreePythium Root RotJefferson
Crape MyrtlePowdery MildewJefferson, Shelby
CurrySpider MitesJefferson
DogwoodDogwood BorerJefferson
GardeniaSooty MoldJefferson
GardeniaWhite FliesJefferson
Holly, ChineseCottony Camellia ScaleJefferson
JuniperSpider MitesJefferson
Magnolia, SouthernAlgal Leaf SpotJefferson
Maple, JapaneseMarginal Leaf ScorchJefferson
Maple, SilverPhyllosticta Leaf SpotJefferson
Maple, SilverWoolly Alder AphidJefferson
Oak, WaterOak Leaf BlisterJefferson
Oak, WhiteOak Leaf BlisterWalker
PalmScaleJefferson
PetuniaPhytophthora BlightJefferson (2)
RoseBotrytis BlightJefferson
RosePowdery MildewJefferson
RoseSpider MitesJefferson
RoseThripsJefferson
SpireaPowdery MildewJefferson
TomatoFlea BeetlesJefferson
TomatoPythium Root & Crown RotWalker
TomatoTSWV (2)Jefferson (2)
ZoysiagrassBrown PatchJefferson
ZoysiagrassZoysiagrass MiteJefferson (2)
*Counties are not reported for greenhouse and nursery samples.

Disease Possibilities For June

Table 3 lists some of the plant diseases which arrived in our lab during previous Junes. Brief comments on disease symptoms and control recommendations are included. For specific disease control recommendations, see the Alabama Pest Management Handbook or individual 2002 spray guides. Also, remember the importance of sanitation. The following are some of the disease samples we have seen thus far in June: Rust (Puccinia pucciniastrum) on daylily from commercial and homeowner sites in northern and southern Alabama; tomato spotted wilt virus on tomato; brown patch on centipede, zoyia; Phytophthora aerial blight on periwinkle; sting nematode damage on bentgrass; Fusarium wilt on tomato; bitter rot (Colletotrichum) on apple fruit; anthracnose (Colletotrichum) on satsuma leaves.

Go to: Disease Reports see a list of some common disease problems received in the lab during April of the past few years. Comments on control practices are brief. Refer to the fact sheets, timely informations, 2000 or 2001 spray guides, and the Alabama Pest Management Handbook for details.


UPCOMING EVENTS

April to October, 2002:
Floriade 2002.
See the AmeriGarden (5,400 square feet), part of the world horticulture exhibition in the Netherlands.
For more information call 808-961-6660 or visit
http://www.floriade.nl/ or http://www.amerigarden2002.com/

July 7 - 13, 2002:
20th Perennial Plant Symposium.
Hyatt Regency O'Hare, Rosemont, IL
Contact PPA, 3383 Schirtzinger Road, Hilliard, OH 43026
Phone: 614-771-8431; fax: 614-876-5238; email ppa@perennialplant.org
URL: http://www.perennialplant.org

July 12 - 15, 2002:
ANLA Convention & Executive Learning Retreat.
San Diego, CA. Contact ANLA at 202-789-2900; Fax, 202-789-1893
URL: http://www.anla.org

July 13 - 17, 2002:
Ohio Florists' Association Short Course and Trade Show.
Greater Columbus Convention Center
Contact: OFA at 614-487-1117; email ofa@ofa.org
URL: http://www.ofa.org

July 25 - 27, 2002:
Cullowhee Conference: Native Plants in the Landscape.
Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, North Carolina
For information call 770-922-7292.

August 1-4, 2002:
SNA 2002 - Southern Nursery Association Researcher’s Conference and Trade Show
Georgia World Congress Center, Atlanta, GA.
Contact SNA at 770-953-3311; Fax 770-953-4411; SNA Infoline, 770-953-4636; e mail: mail@mail.sna.org
URL: http://www.sna.org

August 11-17, 2002:
American Society for Horticultural Science and XXVI International Horticultural Congress & Exhibition.
Metro Toronto Convention Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Contact ASHS at 703-836-4606, Fax: 703-836-2024, E-mail: ashs@ashs.org
URL: http://www.ashs.org
http://www.ihc2002.org

August 14 - 16 2002:
Northern Plant Conference II.
Radisson Hotel, Eastlake, Ohio
Contact Randy Zontag at 440-350-2269; email zondag.1@osu.edu or Associated Green Industries (AGI) at P.O. Box 123, Painesville, OH 44077-0123
phone: 440-350-2583; email: bollas.3@osu.edu; URL: http://www.onla.org/nps.html

August 26 - 28, 2002:
Horticulture Express.
Three days of touring nurseries, greenhouses, garden centers and botanical gardens of Georgia and South Carolina with the Alabama Nurserymen's Association. Registration deadline is July 25.
Call ANA at 334-821-5148 or email alna@prodigy.net

September 3 - 5, 2002:
Auburn University Horticulture on Display.
Greenhouse renovation tour; golf tournament; clay events; Moore and Davis Nursery tour; reception and dinner; greenhouse educational program.
For information contact Ken Tilt at ktilt@acesag.auburn.edu; phone 334-844-5484

September 21, 2002:
Alabama Christmas Tree Association Meeting.
Tarrant, Alabama
For information contact Ken Tilt at 334-844-5484 or ktilt@acesag.auburn.edu

September 26, 2002:
Mountain Horticultural Crops Research Station Nursery Crops Field Day.
Ornamentals field day at the Mountain Horticultural Crops Research Station in Fletcher, North Carolina; 9-12
Email: Dick_Bir@ncsu.edu for more information.

September 29-October 2, 2002:
Eastern Region International Plant Propagators' Society NA and IPPS Southern Region NA Annual Meeting.
Hunt Valley (Baltimore), MD.
Contact Margot Bridgen at 26 Woodland Road, Storrs, CT 06268; 860-429-6818, E-mail: mbippser@neca.com or Dr. David L. Morgan, 332 Warbler Drive, Bedford, TX 76021; ph. 817-577-9272; e-mail, dleemorgan@msn.com

October 1 - 3, 2002:
3rd Eastern Native Grass Symposium.
North Carolina Botanical Garden and Friday Center
Chapel Hill, NC
Contact Teresa Flora, NCBG, CB#3375, Chapel Hill, NC 27599
email: tflora@email.unc.edu
URL: http://www.unc.edu/depts/ncbg

October 2 - 5, 2002:
The International Maple Symposium.
Westonbirt Arboretum, Tetbury, Gloucestershire, GL8, 8QS, England
Phone: 44(0) 1666 880220; fax: 44(0) 1666 880559
Email: westonbirt@forestry.gsi.gov.uk
URL: http://www.westonbirtarboretum.com

October 4-5, 2002:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticultural Trade Show.
McMinnville Civic Center, McMinnville, TN
phone: 931-668-7322; fax: 931-668-9601; e-mail: mtna@blomand.net,
URL: http://www.mtna.com/ or http://www.southeasternnursery.com/mtna/

October 6 - 9, 2002:
Composting in the Southeast Conference and Exposition.
Palm Harbor, FL
For information go to: http://www.asla.org

October 18 - 22, 2002:
American Society of Landscape Architects Meeting.
McEnery Convention Center, San Jose,California.
Contact ASLA, 636 Eye Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001-3736; phone 202-898-2444; fax 202-898-1185; URL http://www.asla.org

October 30 - November 2, 2002:
IPPS Western Region 43rd Annual Conference.
Sheraton Mesa Hotel & Convention Center, Mesa, Arizona
Contact Dr. Sheila Bhattacharya, V&P Nurseries, Inc., PO Box 4221, Mesa, AZ 85211-4221; phone 480-917-9847; fax 480-917-2856; email sheila@vp-nurseries.com; URL http://www.ipps.org/WesternNA/wr2002/

January 7 - 9, 2003:
Kentucky Landscape Industries Winter Educational Conference and Trade Show.
The Kentucky International Convention Center, Louisville, KY
Contact Betsie Taylor, KNLA Exec. Dir., 350 Village Drive, Frankfort, KY 40601; phone 502-848-0055 or 800-735-9791; fax 502-848-0032; email knla@mis.net;
URL: http://www.knla.org

January 15 - 17, 2003:
Mid-AM Trade Show.
Navy Pier, Chicago, IL. Contact: Rand Baldwin at 847-526-2010, Fax 847-526-3993, e-mail mail@midam.org
URL: http://www.midam.org

January 18 - 20, 2003:
Tennessee Nursery and Landscape Association Trade Show and Conference.
Chattanooga Convention Center, Chattanooga, TN
Phone 931-473-3951; fax 931-473-5883; email tnurseryassn@blomand.net;
URL: http://www.tnla.com

January 20 - 22, 2003:
Central Environmental Nursery Trade Show "CENTS".
Greater Columbus Convention Center, Columbus, Ohio
Contact Bill Stalter, ONLA at 800-825-5062; fax 800-860-1713; email onlagreen@aol.com;
URL: http://www.onla.org

January 30 - February 02, 2003:
ANLA Management Clinic.
Louisville, KY.
Contact ANLA at 202-789-2900; Fax, 202-789-1893
URL: http://www.anla.org

February 1 - 3, 2003:
Southern Region American Society for Horticultural Science Meeting.
Mobile, AL. Contact Paul Smeal, 1107 Kentwood Drive, Blacksburg, VA 24060-5656; phone 540-552-4085; fax 540-953-0805; email psmeal@vt.edu;
URL: http://www.ashs.org

July 15 - 20, 2003:
ANLA Convention & Executive Learning Retreat.
Location TBA. Contact: ANLA, 202-789-2900; Fax, 202-789-1893.
URL: http://www.anla.org

July 30-August 2, 2003:
SNA 2003- Southern Nursery Association Researcher’s Conference and Trade Show.
Georgia World Congress Center, Atlanta, GA.
Contact SNA at 770-953-3311; Fax 770-953-4411; SNA Infoline, 770-953-4636.
URL:http://www.sna.org

September 30 - October 4, 2003:
American Society for Horticultural Science Annual Meeting and 100th Anniversary.
Providence, RI.
Contact ASHS at 703-836-4606, Fax: 703-836-2024, E-mail: ashs@ashs.org
URL: http://www.ashs.org

October 3-4, 2003:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticultural Trade Show.
McMinnville Civic Center, McMinnville, TN
phone: 931-668-7322; fax: 931-668-9601; e-mail: mtna@blomand.net,
http://www.mtna.com/ or http://www.southeasternnursery.com/mtna/

October 5-8, 2003:
IPPS Southern Region NA.
San Antonio, TX.
Contact: Dr. David L. Morgan, 332 Warbler Drive, Bedford, TX 76021; phone 817-577-9272; e-mail, dleemorgan@msn.com

October 22 - 25, 2003:
IPPS Eastern Region.
Portland, ME. Contact M. Bridgen, 26 Woodland Road, Storrs, CT 06268; phone 860-429-6818; email mbippser@neca.com

July 29 - 31, 2004:
SNA 2004 - Southern Nursery Association Researcher’s Conference and Trade Show.
Georgia World Congress Center, Atlanta, GA.
Contact: SNA 770-953-3311; Fax 770-953-4411; SNA Infoline, 770-953-4636
URL: http://www.sna.org

October 1-2, 2004:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticultural Trade Show.
McMinnville Civic Center, McMinnville, TN
phone: 931-668-7322; fax: 931-668-9601; e-mail: mtna@blomand.net,
http://www.mtna.com/ or http://www.southeasternnursery.com/mtna/

October 3-6, 2004:
IPPS Southern Region NA
Greenville/Spartanburg, S.C.
Contact: Dr. David L. Morgan, 332 Warbler Drive, Bedford, TX 76021; phone 817-577-9272; e-mail, dleemorgan@msn.com

Send horticultural questions and comments to ktilt@acesag.auburn.edu.

Send questions and comments to bfischma@acesag.auburn.edu.

Letters to Bernice Fischman - 101 Funchess Hall - Auburn University, AL 36849.