C O N T E N T S
KEN'S MUSINGS
COMPREHENSIVE FIRE ANT MANAGEMENT WORKSHOP
GREEN INDUSTRY ECONOMIC IMPACT BRAGGING POINTS
THE AMAZING LOTUS
ACLP NEWS RELEASE
PRUNING FRUIT PRODUCING TREES AND VINES
TREE ASSISTANCE PROGRAM
SOME OVERWINTERING INSECTS CAN BE KILLED WITH DORMANT OIL OR SUFFOCATE INSECTS INEXPENSIVELY
PLANT PATHOLOGY REPORT
UPCOMING EVENTS

DISCLAIMER: Please remember that all information presented is a summary of research and not an endorsement of any product or a recommendation of chemicals. The official labels from the manufacturing companies offer the legal and proper use and handling information for all products.


KEN'S MUSINGS

It is February and spring is just a few weeks away. I included an article from Mark Halcomb, Nursery Extension Specialist in McMinnville, Tennessee. He is alerting you to not forget to apply your oils for insect control. Great advice! Another item that comes every year and it often gets away from us is putting down your preemergent herbicides (with emphasis on the PRE). It used to be that forsythia blooming was the sign that triggered the response to rush to spray or spread herbicides before it was too late. Now we have a new harbinger of spring that comes a little earlier and is everywhere, loropetalum. When you see it bloom it is time to begin to organize and schedule your applications. If you have not ordered your product, you need to get on the phone.

Speaking of herbicides, I saw a great example of a common lesson taught by weed scientists last month. They often warn that all weeds are not covered by your herbicide and when one escapes, it really flourishes. A nursery had been very diligent in applying their herbicides from spring to fall. However, when it was time for winter annuals to germinate, seeds in the container media of Senecio vulgaris (common groundsel) came up everywhere, enjoying the freedom and unfettered competition that the herbicide provided by suppressing all the other weeds except groundsel. It is another problem that just comes with the industry. You do everything you know to do and nature is there to say you do not have total control. Hand pulling and adjusting the herbicide for next fall is the only answer and then keep an eye out for the next unexpected curve. The following photos of groundsel are from the Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide and are used with their permission.

Our big curve this year was hurricane damage to some nurseries that found it rough to fit into the various hurricane relief safety nets. Please see below for some last minute adjustments and information that has been worked out to help you. This is one reason you support the associations that support you. ALNLA and ALFA have been working hard along with the nurseries and greenhouse businesses to get their message to the government officials that could get the changes that were needed. If you qualify, act fast! We thank ALFA and the Greenhouse, Sod and Nursery Division for making our needs known.

Have you sent in your forms for the Alabama Plant Locator Book? If not, please do not miss this opportunity for very inexpensive advertising in a much used resource by your customers. It is so much easier to go on-line or search in one place to find the plants you need than to go through boxes of catalogues. Call Linda VanDyke at 334-821-5148 if you need a new form. On a selfish note, I often get calls for help on finding plants. I always go to the plant locator before I hit my trade show bags.

Maybe I am the last to know, but did you realize that the American Standards for Nursery Stock is now on-line and free for your use? You can go to the American Nursery and Landscape Association web page at www.anla.org, continue to publications (button at top of the page) and then the American Standards for Nursery Stock button is prominent in the center of the page. This is very convenient.

For those of you who remember J.C. Raulston from NC State University and the J.C. Raulston Arboretum, here are photos of a Camellia japonica named after him, 'J.C. Raulston':

I hope your Spring is not too chaotic and the weather is kind. We have had enough weather concerns for a while. Let us know if we can help you.

Ken
334-844-5484 Office
tiltken@auburn.edu


COMPREHENSIVE FIRE ANT MANAGEMENT WORKSHOP

Stan Roark, Regional Extension Agent

A comprehensive fire ant management workshop will be conducted Thursday, May 19th, 2005 from 11:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. at the Anniston City Meeting Center. Members of the Alabama Fire Ant Management Team and faculty specialists from Auburn University and Alabama A&M will share the latest information relating to control of these pests. Featured speakers include: Dr. Ken Ward (Fire Ant Biology); Dr. Kathy Flanders (Fire Ant Materials and Costs); Dr. Fudd Graham (Biological Fire Ant Control); Dr. Xing Ping Hu (Fire Ants in the Home).

Following the speakers, Regional and County Extension Agents will conduct three workshops: Workshop 1 will be for agricultural producers: cattle, poultry, nursery and sod farms; Workshop 2 will be for area homeowners; Workshop 3 will be for managers of public use areas: schools, parks, and recreation areas. Workshops will focus on the safe application of materials appropriate to each site. Agents will demonstrate application techniques, calibration of spreaders and answer questions about fire ant management. Educational materials, publications and cd’s will be provided to workshop participants. A portion of each workshop will be devoted to a demonstration of phorid flies (decapitating flies), a biological control agent being introduced under the leadership of Dr. Fudd Graham.

Workshop space may be limited. Please notify the Alabama Cooperative Extension Office – Calhoun County (256) 237-1621 to reserve your space. Let them know how many will be coming and which workshop (1, 2 or 3) they would like to attend. Pesticide points will be available for Restricted Pesticide Applicators.

The meeting is sponsored by the Alabama Cooperative Extension System,Coosa Valley R.C. and D. Council, Calhoun County Farmers Federation and the Alabama Fire Ant Management Program.

For more information contact any of the following:
Stan Roark, Regional Extension Agent - (256) 357-2841
Dr. David West, Calhoun County Coordinator - (256) 237-1621
Dr. Kathy Flanders, Extension Entomology Specialist - (334) 844-6393


GREEN INDUSTRY ECONOMIC IMPACT BRAGGING POINTS

compiled by Deacue Fields, Mariah Bellenger, and Ken Tilt


THE AMAZING LOTUS

Have you ever seen a lotus tuber? The pictures below are part of a study evaluating the production and shipping of lotus. These pictures show 1 year's growth from 1 node in a 15 gallon container. They have been pulled and washed of the clay soil in the container and are ready for division. Old roots appear at the nodes. They will be gently cut with one or two nodes and planted in new containers. We will be developing a lotus web page showing the results of our work on lotus production and evaluations of the tea cup or bowl lotus cultivars. The flowers are beautiful, blooming about Father's Day and continuing for 3 to 4 weeks. This work is being done at Auburn and the North Alabama Experiment Station in Cullman, AL.


ACLP NEWS RELEASE

The following information is going to be used to encourage enthusiasm for our new certification program. It will give you all the answers to questions you might be asked:

Alabama Certified Landscape Professional Program (ACLP)
A Program Sponsored by the
Alabama Nursery and Landscape Association (ALNLA)
In Cooperation with
Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES)

Proposed Logo

Mission of the ACLP Program: To offer a comprehensive teaching, testing and continuing education program to develop and recognize excellence among the Landscape Professionals of Alabama.

Voluntary - NOT a State of Alabama Certification Program: The State of Alabama requires a company or individual to be licensed to be a landscape contractor and designer. The Alabama Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industries requires individuals to pass a licensing exam. This test is elementary and offers minimum assurance of knowledge and competence for the consumer but easy access for people wanting to begin a landscape business. Members of ALNLA envisioned a higher level, voluntary educational and testing program so landscape professionals would have a way to distinguish themselves from those businesses with lesser skills and knowledge. The Landscape Industry represents about 1.6 billion dollars to Alabama’s economy, so it was a high priority area to offer educational outreach opportunities.

Evolution of the Program: The ACLP was developed in cooperation with the Georgia Green Industry Association, the Metro Atlanta Landscape Association and the Georgia Extension Service. The program offers reciprocity of certification between the states.

Certification Details: ACLP applicants are required to know over 250 plant materials, including weeds, annuals, perennials, trees and shrubs along with a defined list of plant pests and landscape problems. Other areas of expertise include, landscape plan take-off knowledge, construction materials and standards, grading, landscape equipment safety, operation and maintenance, irrigation basics and trouble shooting, pruning, sod selection and installation, grounds maintenance BMP’s, pesticide application and safety requirements, Alabama State landscape regulatory requirements, soil and fertility management and other areas necessary to be recognized as an ACLP.

Training Materials and Educational Assistance: ALNLA and its Georgia partners have developed materials and recruited cooperators to help landscape workers become professionals. A comprehensive teaching manual is available through ALNLA. On-line teaching materials, including photos for plant and pest ID, can be found at the ACES web site www.ag.auburn.edu/landscape. Regional training programs will be posted on this site and the ALNLA site, www.alna.org, as well as articles for helping with re-certification points. Auburn University Horticulture, Botanical Gardens and Community Colleges have volunteered to teach and promote the program. To date, Wallace State, Jefferson State, Bessemer Tech community colleges and Huntsville Botanical Gardens and Birmingham Botanical Gardens have all agreed to teach all or portions of the program.

Testing for Certification: There are two tests required to receive certification, a written test that covers information from the manual or on-line materials, a pest and plant ID test, a landscape plan take-off test and a practical outdoor exam that tests for equipment knowledge, pesticide application and handling, landscape design, pruning, sod installation, grounds maintenance knowledge and grading. The test is administered by ACLP members, AU Horticulture faculty, qualified Regional and Extension Commercial Horticulture Agents and qualified members from the Greater Birmingham Association of Landscape Professionals (GBALP).

Time for Testing: Written tests are currently offered in August at the Southern Nursery Trade Show in Atlanta in cooperation with Georgia and at the Gulf States Trade Show in January. Practical exams are given at the AU Landscape School at Auburn in November. Testing opportunities will be expanded to on-line testing and to more frequent regional venues as the program develops.

Professionalism, Perpetuation and Promotion: The people who successfully pass the exam for the ACLP are required to attend or submit work from on-line continuing education opportunities to maintain their certification. A committee under the ALNLA Board will be established to define the requirements and help strengthen, improve and promote the ACLP. ALNLA has developed a promotional logo and will develop promotional ads and a web listing of the members who have achieved the distinction of a ACLP. ACLP’s members will be rewarded for their efforts. Their success will translate into economic gain by increasing the value for their services and generating greater demand and higher expectations for certified quality assurance of a base level of expertise by the landscape professional. The job applicant who has earned this recognition will also be a more qualified and appealing employee.

Costs and Registration for ACLP: The price of the program and teaching materials is $100 for members and $150 for non-members. Contact the ALNLA office and Linda VanDyke (Executive Secretary of ALNLA) for teaching materials and testing information, Phone: (334-821-5148). Updated information on the ACLP program can also be found at the ALNLA web site, www.alna.org, or the Auburn Landscape web site, www.ag.auburn.edu/landscape.


PRUNING FRUIT PRODUCING TREES AND VINES

The excellent news article below was written by Doug Chapman and I wanted to forward it on to people who I thought might be able to use it in their Extension programs. If you use it send Doug a thank you and let him know how much you appreciate his help.

Most home fruit orchards are not properly pruned. Many people fear that they might injure what they have worked so hard to establish and take care of. However, to produce at the maximum potential, fruit trees, grape and muscadine vines and brambles must be pruned annually. Pruning accomplishes several things. It rejuvenates plants and encourages new growth, it removes weak and diseased wood, it removes excessive growth and it keeps plants and fruit healthier.

Knowing where fruit is produced will help you make decisions about where to make your pruning cuts. Apples fruit on spurs that are on 2-5 year old wood and on terminal buds. Peaches fruit on wood that is one year old. Grapes and muscadines fruit on current season growth that arises from one year old wood. Blueberries fruit on one year old wood. Blackberries fruit on canes that grew the previous year and once they produce fruit, these canes die and are replaced with new canes during the summer.

Perhaps the most dramatic example of the beneficial effects of pruning is with muscadines. Everyone is familiar with the traditional scuppernong arbor. A frame is constructed for the vine to climb on and the vine is planted and more or less forgotten until harvest time. Such vines are very seldom pruned because the traditional arbor system is difficult to prune. As time goes on, the vine become hopelessly overgrown and produces very little fruit. Drastic pruning is required to reinvigorate these old vines. However, by selecting several main branches and pruning so that fruiting wood arises from these main arms or “cordons”, production can resume in a couple of years. It is far better to train muscadine vines to a single or double wire and prune so that main cordons are established. Fruiting spurs can be maintained and previous season’s wood pruned back to 2-4 buds. If you prune back into two year or older wood, you will still get vines but no fruit. Prune muscadines in the winter dormant season.

Apples should be trained to a central leader system with whorls of 3-5 branches radiating out from the main trunk at 18-24 inch intervals. This system will allow sunlight and air to penetrate the interior of the tree and reduce disease incidence. It also facilitates spray penetration into the tree interior. Prune out any long sprouts that arise from these branches and maintain fruiting spurs. Apples should be pruned during the dormant season. Summer pruning in June is also advantageous.

Peaches should be pruned to an open center system which resembles an upside down umbrella. Try to leave as much one year old wood on the tree as possible, but prune out the vigorous sprouts that tend to grow during the summer. Prune out anything that grows up through the center of the tree. Never prune peaches before February 15. In fact, pruning during full bloom won’t hurt them one bit. Peaches pruned late will also bloom later than earlier pruned peaches.

Blueberries can be pruned immediately after harvest, and during the dormant season. It may be necessary to occasionally cut these back and re-grow a new fruiting canopy. Prune blackberries by removing the fruiting canes immediately after harvest and cutting the vigorous green primocanes back by about a third in July. Pecans do not respond to pruning as well as fruit trees, but proper training during the first 5 years of growth will prevent problems later. Pecans should be trained to a single trunk and weak narrow branch angles removed. The Franklin County Extension office has some good publications on pruning fruit trees and vines. Call our office at 256-332-8880 for assistance with all your horticultural concerns.


TREE ASSISTANCE PROGRAM

From the Alfa Farmers News:

WASHINGTON, D.C. - Signup for Tree Assistance Program (TAP), which provides financial relief to owners of eligible trees, bushes, vines and forest land damaged by natural disasters has begun. Funding for TAP was authorized by the Military Construction and Emergency Hurricane Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2005 (2005 Appropriations Act), and signed into law by President Bush last October, said Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns.

Owners of eligible trees, bushes and vines from which an annual crop is produced for commercial purposes; eligible forest land owners who produce crops of timber for commercial purposes; and eligible pecan producers may receive assistance under TAP. Producers who received payments under Section 32 of the Act of Aug. 24, 1935, for 2004 hurricane losses are ineligible to receive benefits under the general TAP and for forest timber. However, producers may receive both Section 32 payments and TAP payments for pecan rehabilitation. In addition, producers are ineligible for both Emergency Conservation Program and TAP assistance for the same losses.

TAP for Orchardists
Funding as necessary has been authorized for benefits under the 2005 Appropriations Act for losses which occurred during the period beginning Dec. 1, 2003, and ending Dec. 31, 2004, for eligible orchardists to replant trees, bushes and vines that were grown to produce an annual crop. Benefits will not be prorated.

TAP for Forest Timber Producers
In addition, the 2005 Appropriations Act authorized $15 million for assistance to eligible producers who meet all requirements and produce periodic crops of forest timber for commercial use, and who suffered timber losses or damage during the period beginning Dec. 1, 2003, and ending Dec. 31, 2004. If all eligible claims filed during the application period are greater than the available funds, benefits will be prorated.

TAP for Pecan Tree Producers
The 2005 Appropriations Act also authorized $8.5 million in TAP assistance for producers who suffered crop damage to pecan trees. The funds will reimburse producers for pruning, rehabilitation and other related costs. Pecan producers must be located in a Presidentially-declared disaster county that suffered hurricane or tropical storm-related tree losses related to the 2004 hurricane season. If all eligible claims filed during the application period are greater than the available funds, benefits will be prorated.

For more information, or to apply for TAP assistance, tree owners should contact their local Farm Service Agency (FSA) office. Additional TAP information is available on FSA's Web site at: www.fsa.usda.gov. Or call Keith Gray (kgray@alfafarmers.org ) at 202-434-8212 for more info if needed


SOME OVERWINTERING INSECTS CAN BE KILLED WITH DORMANT OIL OR SUFFOCATE INSECTS INEXPENSIVELY

The following article comes from Mark Halcomb, Extension Nursery Specialist in McMinnville, TN. He has an internet newsletter called Nursery Notes that always offers timely information for nurseries.

Everyone does not need to apply oils; but read over the pest list below, and decide if you do. We seem to have more pests now that dormant oil will handle than we did 20 years ago, though dormant oil was beneficial then. Every acre or every genus will not require spraying. I am risking to bore a few loyal readers in order to remind a bunch of lazy procrastinators. But I say it in the nicest way possible. Ha!

This application may eliminate the pest from being seen this coming growing season and eliminate several insecticide sprays at a greater cost than one oil application now. It may eliminate damage, save growth, save time and money. Just Do It!

Dormant oil will suffocate insects that can't crawl out of it. Absolute total coverage is essential for effective control. Insects not covered will not be killed. The oil must cover the insects or their eggs that are overwintering within the crevices of the bark, etc. The oil also melts away the waxy covering of scale insects and allows them to dry out. It is usually best sprayed January to March. Some labels advise 1 or 2 applications, depending on the population. Always follow label directions. Avoid spraying blue spruce, due to discoloration for one year. Dormant oil can be applied in the landscape or commercial nursery. Nursery producers may need to apply dormant oil December to January before they get too involved with digging and shipping.

Dormant oil will kill: immature whiteflies the white cottony pine bark adelgid (check the trunk and branches of white pine); spider mites, rust mites, and eriophyid mites on (hemlock, juniper, spruce, arborvitae, and occasionally burning bush); broad mites on red maple cultivars, etc., first year in field; scale on (Manhattan euonymus, burning bush, mulberry, ash, etc.); some types of overwintering eggs (the spiny witch hazel leaf gall aphid on birch and the white pine aphid); oak phylloxera (that causes oak leaves to wad up in July). I learned Oak phylloxera to be oak psyllid incorrectly 18 years ago. Armored white peach tree scale was found on the base of young ash trees in 2003 at several nurseries. It is snow white and very obvious. I have also found it on mulberry in the landscape and several other genera in the nursery fields this year. A light infestation is not as obvious out on the branches. Look around the buds.

Label directions usually suggest that the temperature should be between 40-85 degrees during the application and it should not freeze within 24-48 hours of the application. There must be adequate pressure to blow the oil through the plants, achieving total coverage. Air blast sprayers are great for achieving coverage, but the gallons per acre may have to be increased to obtain control near the soil on ash trees (50 to 100 gallons depending on plant density).

This is a very environmentally safe and very effective product. Insects do not develop a resistance to being suffocated. A light rain will not remove it. Dormant oils are relatively safe to people. These oils are essentially the same as baby oil or mineral oil sold in drug stores except for the addition of emulsifiers. Be careful not to breathe the spray mist as serious pulmonary problems may result. Ensure that the plants have received sufficient cold temperatures and are completely dormant. Avoid spraying plants under water stress or with tender new growth. If a sprayer has been idle for a few moments, be sure to spray into the tank for a minute to ensure that the oil is thoroughly mixed. Otherwise, the emulsion in the hose may separate and the first plants sprayed may receive pure water or pure oil.

For more information contact Mark A. Halcomb, UT Area Nursery Specialist, Warren Co. Ag. Extension Service, 201 Locust St. #10, McMinnville, Tenn. 37110 mhalcomb@utk.edu , phone 931-473-8484 fax 931-473-8089.


PLANT PATHOLOGY REPORT - DECEMBER 2004

Jackie Mullen, Extension Plant Pathology Specialist-Auburn
Jim Jacobi, Extension Plant Pathology Specialist-Birmingham
Charles Ray, Research Fellow IV-Auburn

Auburn Plant Disease Report - December 2004
Jackie Mullen and Charles Ray

December was unusually busy (We received 63 plant samples.) mostly with soybean samples being checked for soybean rust. In December we checked 43 soybean samples and found rust to be present in 21 samples from 13 Alabama counties. In all, in November and December, we found soybean rust present in the following counties: Baldwin, Cherokee, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Henry, Lauderdale, Limestone, Madison, Marshall, Monroe, Morgan, Tuscaloosa. The disease appears as red-brown spots which later become white spots. Leaf drop will follow. Pods will not develop.

Ed Sikora has been working to have fungicides (some section 18) ready when needed. Since this disease is highly damaging and since it will develop and spread quickly, it is very important that this disease is detected early so that fungicides may be applied.

Soybean rust will cause disease in soybean, other legumes, and kudzu. It is suspected that this rust will over-winter in some parts of the state on kudzu. The two kudzu samples we received last fall did not contain rust.

The hydrangeas sample received last December contain rhizomorphs which were typical of Armillaria root decay. See ANR-907 for more information. A leaf spot disease on ryegrass and annual ryegrass was caused by the fungus Piricularia. Cool weather or dry conditions would help control the problem. In addition to the above disease diagnoses, ELISA tests and culture work were continued on camellias, Pieris, hydrangeas, and viburnums received from the Alabama State Department of Agriculture & Industries inspectors in November to survey for Phytophthora ramorum in trace-forward plants from an Oregon nursery found to contain some P. ramorum (SOD) infected plants. For any positive results found, DNA samples had to be prepared and sent to the Beltsville molecular lab for further testing.

DECEMBER 2004 Plant Diseases Seen In The Auburn Plant Diagnostic Lab
PLANTPROBLEMCOUNTY
GeraniumBotrytis Blight*
HydrangeaArmillaria Root DecayMontgomery
HostaPhytophthora Root RotMontgomery
Ivy, Variegated AlgerianPythium Root RotMontgomery
JuniperPhytophthora Root Decay*
KudzuCercospora Leaf SpotMobile
RyegrassPiricularia Gray Leaf SpotLee
Ryegrass, AnnualPiricularia Leaf SpotMobile
SoybeanSoybean Rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi)Baldwin, Cherokee, DeKalb,
Escambia, Etowah, Henry,
Lauderdale, Limestone, Madison,
Marshall, Monroe, Morgan, Tuscaloosa
St. AugustineTake-All Patch (Gaeumannomyces graminis)Mobile
TurnipCercospora Leaf SpotCoffee
*Counties are not reported for samples from commercial greenhouse and nursery operations.

Birmingham Plant Disease Report-December 2004
(J. Jacobi)

The lab received a total of 24 samples during the month of December. As is typical for this time of year, pansy problems were the most common complaint last month. Pansy root and crown rot can be caused by several different fungi (Thielaviopsis, Pythium, Phytophthora, and Rhizoctonia), and above ground symptoms can be very similar. Often the first sign of a problem is yellowing of the lower leaves. Root symptoms are different for each disease, but typically require laboratory study for exact diagnosis. For a complete description of both diseases including control recommendations see ANR-1214, Diseases of Pansy and Their Control (http://www.aces.edu/pubs/docs/A/ANR-1214/ANR-1214.pdf).

Media reports of the brown fir longhorned beetle (Callidiellum villosulum), being detected in artificial Christmas trees made from wood trunks imported from China, resulted in a few samples of both artificial and live Christmas trees being brought into the lab (http://www.aphis.usda.gov/oa/pubs/sa_phchristrees.html). None of the samples have been found to contain the brown fir longhorned beetle. However, a Frasier fir sample did contain aphids (Cinara sp.), which is a relatively common problem based on published reports (http://www.doacs.state.fl.us/pi/enpp/ento/christmas-tree-aphids.htm). These aphids are native to the eastern United States and pose no threat to humans or pets.

DECEMBER 2004 Plant Diseases Seen In The Birmingham Plant Diagnostic Lab
PLANTPROBLEMCOUNTY
Bermudagrass ‘Tifeagle’Fairy Ring (Lycoperdon)Jefferson
Fir, FrasierAphid (Cinara)Jefferson
Magnolia, JapaneseWax ScaleJefferson
Magnolia, SouthernPossible Black Twig BorerJefferson
PansyPhytophthora Crown/Root RotJefferson
PansyPythium Root RotJefferson
PansyRhizoctonia Crown RotJefferson
PansySlug DamageShelby
Privet, ChineseSooty MoldJefferson
StrawberryLeaf Blight (Phomopsis)Chilton
TomatoSweet Potato WhiteflySt. Clair
ZoysiagrassFairy Ring (Unidentified Fungus)Jefferson

AUBURN INSECT REPORT - DECEMBER 2004 (C. Ray)
COUNTY CROP CATEGORY SPECIMEN NAME
Talladega Household-Miscellaneous Office Hatchling Cockroachs, either smokybrown, brown or Australian
Houston Household-Miscellaneous Home Bark Lice
Tallapoosa Medical Human Bald-Face Hornet
Etowah Household-Stored Product Home Indian Meal Moth

Disease Possibilities For January 2005
In January, we may see rust diseases and barley yellow dwarf virus show up on oats, wheat and related small grains. In the southern sections of the state, fungal and bacterial diseases of vegetables (especially crucifers) and brown patch on turf grasses may be problems. Pythium blight/root rot may occur on cool-season grasses; this is mostly a problem on golf course areas. Black root rot (Thielaviopsis basicola) may occur on pansies and container hollies. Botrytis is a common problem on greenhouse crops.


UPCOMING EVENTS

May 19, 2005:
Comprehensive Fire Ant Management Workshop.
Anniston City Meeting Center
Call the Alabama Cooperative Extension Office (Calhoun County) at 256-237-1621 to reerve your space.

June 22-25, 2005:
Southeast Greenhouse Conference and Trade Show.
Palmetto Center, Greenville SC
For information go to
www.sgcts.org

August 25-27, 2005:
The Farwest Show.
Portland, Oregon, Oregon Convention Center.
Contact Aimee Schendel, Oregon Association of Nurserymen, 29751 SW Town Center Loop West, Wilsonville, OR 97070; 800-342-6401; 503-682-5089 x 2006; Fax, 503-682-5099; e-mail, info@farwestshow.com
URL: http://www.farwestshow.com

September TBA, 2005:
The Southern Plant Conference.
Louisville, Kentucky.
Contact: Matt Gardiner, KY Coordinator, 502-245-0238: e-mail, matthew624@aol.com; or Betsie Taylor, KNLA Exec. Dir., 350 Village Drive, Frankfort, KY 40601; 502-848-0055 or 800-735-9791, Fax 502-848-0032 e-mail knla@mis.net
URL: http://www.knla.org
or Danny Summers at SNA, 770-953-3311; Fax 770-953-4411; SNA Infoline, 770-953-4636; e-mail, danny@mail.sna.org;
URL: http://www.sna.org

September 30 - October 1, 2005:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticultural Trade Show.
McMinnville Civic Center, McMinnville, TN
For more information contact Ann Halcomb by: phone: 931-668-7322; fax: 931-668-9601; e-mail: mtna@blomand.net,
http://www.mtna.com/ or http://www.southeasternnursery.com/mtna/

January 5-6, 2006:
Mid-States Horticultural Expo.
Kentucky Fairgrounds, Louisville, Kentucky
NOTE: Kentucky will host this new winter trade show. The event was created with cooperation from the Kentucky Nursery & Landscape Association, the Tennessee Nursery & Landscape Association, and the Southern Nursery Association. The Kentucky Fairgrounds is a 400-acre facility with more than 1 million square feet of indoor space.

August 24-26, 2006:
The Farwest Show.
Portland, Oregon, Oregon Convention Center.
Contact Aimee Schendel, Oregon Association of Nurserymen, 29751 SW Town Center Loop West, Wilsonville, OR 97070; 800-342-6401; 503-682-5089 x 2006; Fax, 503-682-5099; e-mail, info@farwestshow.com
URL: http://www.farwestshow.com

October 6-7, 2006:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticultural Trade Show.
McMinnville Civic Center, McMinnville, TN
For more information contact Ann Halcomb by: phone: 931-668-7322; fax: 931-668-9601; e-mail: mtna@blomand.net,
http://www.mtna.com/ or http://www.southeasternnursery.com/mtna/

August 23-25, 2007:
The Farwest Show.
Portland, Oregon, Oregon Convention Center.
Contact Aimee Schendel, Oregon Association of Nurserymen, 29751 SW Town Center Loop West, Wilsonville, OR 97070; 800-342-6401, 503-682-5089 x 2006; Fax, 503.682.5099; e-mail, info@farwestshow.com
URL: http://www.farwestshow.com

October 5-6, 2007:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticultural Trade Show.
McMinnville Civic Center, McMinnville, TN
For more information contact Ann Halcomb by: phone: 931-668-7322; fax: 931-668-9601; e-mail: mtna@blomand.net,
http://www.mtna.com/ or http://www.southeasternnursery.com/mtna/


Send horticultural questions and comments to ktilt@acesag.auburn.edu.

Send questions and comments to fischbr@auburn.edu.

Letters to Bernice Fischman - 101 Funchess Hall - Auburn University, AL 36849.