AUGUST 1999

Hello everyone!

July, August and September – Big Months with many things happening! (Guatemala, ASHS, SNA, IPPS, Plant Conferences, Trade Shows, Certified Nursery Program...).

I had the opportunity to go to the mountain regions of Guatemala for 2 weeks in July with the Partners of the Americas program to help nurseries in their efforts to grow Pinabete (Abies guatemaliensis). Most of their forests have been lost due to large populations and need for firewood for heat and cooking. There is an honest but tough attempt by the people to restore their forests and reduce the amount of erosion of their farm land and mountains. They were growing in poly bags using soil, compost and sand as a container medium. They were using no fertilizer and knew very little about the basics of horticulture. Being so low on the learning curve, it was easy to offer suggestions to help them in their efforts, although the suggestions had to be made using the limited resources they had available.

GUATEMALA WILL NEVER BE THE SAME

They were very kind people and many of them said they had family or knew people who were working in nurseries in the United States. While sipping on some local spirits with the mayor in the Totonicapan area under a flickering light bulb hanging from the ceiling, I learned that the mayor, who spoke much better broken English than my Spanish, had proudly worked on the Georgia highways pruning right-of-ways.

Another small group I was working with in the private sector was a group interested in growing Christmas trees for sales in Latin America. They are now buying trees from Canada and North Carolina. I shared information on liner production but also went to the steep mountainsides of a coffee plantation to demonstrate planting and shearing techniques of their Guatemalan fir. Again, it was a nice feeling to know that I was able to help them.

For those who are worrying about NAFTA and nursery products flooding into the US, I can assure you that there is no danger of this in the near future.

SNA – WOW! It gets bigger and better every year. You can see the effects of the many people who have taken advantage of going to the IPM show in Germany. The quality of the booths and the international spirit of the Show is evident. It is a great time to be in the nursery business. It is my job to TRY to keep up with the information coming out concerning our industry. I run hard but I am falling behind. The SNA research conference offers so much to our industry. It is the only one of its kind in the US. It is a tribute to the Past Presidents of SNA and Dr. Bryson James that this has become one of the best forums for nursery research anywhere.

Another forum for information that every grower in this industry should be involved in is the International Plant Propagator’s Society (IPPS). Their meeting is scheduled for October 2–6, 1999 in Mobile, Alabama. Nowhere else in this industry will you find such a blend of industry and university people who come together to follow the motto of the Society “Seek and Share”. If you need more information, the program is published in the last newsletter or email or call me to send you a program (334-844-5484).

The SNA Southern Plant Conference, sponsored by the Southern Nursery Association, will be hosted by the Virginia Nursery & Landscape Association, and will be held in Richmond, VA, September 23 - 25, 1999. The event is termed as "a must-attend event" by most participants. The 1997 SPC was attended by nearly 200 industry members from across the USA and in particular, the southeast. The Southern Plant Conference is a biennial event which alternates throughout the southeatern United States. This unique event is designed to educate and promote new plant varieties and reduce the time needed to bring new and exciting plants to market. Presentations will be offered by internationally recognized plant experts. For more information on the Southern Plant Conference please contact the Southern Nursery Association at 770.973.9026 or fax 770.973.9097.

Unfortunately, Alabama’s Christmas tree conference will be held at the same time as the plant conference so I will have to miss this year's program. If you have an interest in Christmas trees and would like to join us this year, the program is listed below. It is at Gulf Shores so it is a great opportunity for a family affair.

The Alabama Certified Nursery Professional program is designed for Retail Garden Center employees. Dates for this training program are August 31-September 3. About 12 to 15 faculty members are involved in training in all areas of horticulture. The largest segment of the training is given by Dr. Harry Ponder, who just won the National American Horticulture Society Award for teaching. This is a valuable program for your employees and business. Contact Linda Van Dyke, Executive Director of the Alabama Nurserymen’s Association for more information and registration. (334-821-5148).

As usual, I am getting carried way with the great things that are available to our industry. I can not do it all and I know you can not either but try to taste some of the wonderful things that are out there and GET INVOLVED.


The following articles are featured in this month's Something to Grow On:

CONGRATULATIONS, KEN!!!

ALABAMA CHRISTMAS TREE ASSOCIATION MEETING PROGRAM

MAINTENANCE CHECK LISTS TO KEEP YOUR GREENHOUSE HOT AND COLD

AUBURN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS WIN AWARDS

STUDENT PAPER: BITTERCRESS SIZE INFLUENCES POSTEMERGENCE CONTROL FROM GALLERY

STUDENT PAPER: PANSY TOLERANCE TO PREEMERGENCE APPLIED HERBICIDES

STUDENT PAPER: EVALUATION OF FLOWER COLOR AND TASTE TO CONTROL FEEDING DAMAGE BY WHITE-TAILED DEER

AG CENTER - A NEW WEBSITE TO INVESTIGATE

TOOLS

JACKIE MULLEN'S PLANT PATHOLOGY REPORT

UPCOMING EVENTS

DISCLAIMER: Please remember that all information presented is a summary of research and not an endorsement of any product or a recommendation of chemicals. The official labels from the manufacturing companies offer the legal and proper use and handling information for all products.


CONGRATULATIONS, KEN!!!

The American Society for Horticultural Science nomination form for the ASHS Outstanding Extension Educator Award asks respondents to elaborate on the major contributions on which the nomination of a person is based, with explanations as to why the nominee is "especially well qualified to receive this award". The criteria listed on the form are as follows:

1. A noteworthy career in horticultual extension education leading to an effective program of unusual impact in the horticultural industry of the nominee's state or district and which, in addition, has provided significant leadership to other extension-type efforts or programs.

2. Outstanding and innovative activities, projects, and/or methods that brought about substantial and desirable changes in the horticultural industry in the nominee's state or district.

3. Other major contributions, activities, and services to the horticultural industry and the profession as an extension horticulturist, including special assignments (domestic and/or foreign), participation in ASHS activities (national and/or regional), membership and participation in other professional and/or industry organizations, and preparation and/or use of special audiovisual aids.

4. Leadership in horticultural extension education.

Ken Tilt was nominated for, and was presented this award at the 96th Annual International Conference of ASHS in Minneapolis on July 28th. His supporting letters from a wide range of industry professionals and educators spoke volumes as to why he should receive this award. Many congratulations, Ken, for a job well done.

ALABAMA CHRISTMAS TREE ASSOCIATION MEETING PROGRAM

September 17, 18 and 19
at the
Quality Inn Beachside Resort Hotel, Gulf Shores, Alabama

in cooperation with:
Alabama Cooperative Extension System
and Fontaine's Choose and Cut Christmas Tree Farm

FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 17:
Early bird arrivals: Set up Christmas trees and wreaths for judging; set up exhibitions; meet at 6:30 p.m. at the registration table if you would like to go to dinner together.

SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 18:
7:30 A.M.
Registration begins. Visit exhibitions.

8:30 A.M.
Opening bell and official welcome by BEN GRAVES, President

8:45-9:15 A.M.
KEN TILT, Auburn University
Growing Your Own Christmas Tree Seedlings

9:15-9:45 A.M.
NANCY ZEIGLER, Zeigler's Christmas Tree Farm, Sylacauga
Tis the Season for TV, Radio and Print Media

9:45-10:05 A.M.
CHAZZ HESSELEIN, Auburn University
Research Results for Use of Growth Regulators for Shaping Leyland Cypress

10:05-10:20 A.M.
Break

10:20-11:20 A.M.
Membership Sharing Time

11:20-12:15 P.M.
Business Meeting

12:15-12:45 P.M.
Travel to George and Jean Fontaine's Choose and Cut Farm, Silverhill, AL

12:45-1:45 P.M.
Lunch on the Farm sponsored by Alabama Farmers Federation.

1:45-5:00 P.M.
Farm Tour and Demonstrations

5:00 P.M.
Return to Quality Inn

6:30-7:30 P.M.
Pre-dinner get-together-and-talk-about-it. Silent auction continues.

7:30-8:30 P.M.
Down-Home-Alabama Get Together. Good people, good food (Seafood Buffet, with chicken for the non-seafood eaters), awards and door prizes.

8:30-UNTIL...
Young folks and young-at-heart continue on. Old folks take an evening stroll along the beach.

SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 19
8:00 A.M.
Breakfast at the Quality Inn (additional time for sharing).

Visit other Christmas Tree Farms on your own.


MAINTENANCE CHECK LISTS TO KEEP YOUR GREENHOUSE HOT AND COLD

The care and maintenance of greenhouse heating and cooling equipment is essential for success. You cannot wait until systems malfunction as that could result in the loss of valuable greenhouse crops as well as potential equipment failure. GrowerTalks Summer 1999 issue published two lists that we want to share with you:

WHAT TO DO MONTHLY DURING EQUIPMENT USE

WHAT TO DO AT LEAST YEARLY, OR MORE OFTEN AS REQUIRED

PLANTDISEASEDESCRIPTIONCONTROL
ASHAnthracnose
(Apiognomonia)
Irregular brown blotches of variable sizes occur along leaf edges and along leaf veins mostly.Sanitation.
ASTERSouthern Blight
Sclerotium
Decay of stem at soil line; white mycelium (sometimes with brown-black mustard-seed-sized sclerotia may be present) often at soil line.Soil solarization.
AUCUBABotryiodiplodia Canker/DiebackBlack cankers on stems.Pruning; Cleary's 3336.
AZALEABacterial Leaf SpotBlack irregular spots; water soaked spot edges.Strict sanitation. Do not water over-head.
AZALEAColletotrichum Leaf SpotSmall, circular brown leaf spots.Sanitation; protective sprays of Cleary's 3336.
AZALEAPhytophthora Root
Crown/Rot)
Brown, water-soaked areas on crown and roots; outer root cortex slips easily away from inner tissues.Sanitation; good drainage; fungicide drenches.
AZALEAPhomopsis Dieback
(Stress-related)
Sunken cankers that cause dieback of individual branches.Pruning; eliminate stress.
BEGONIAPythium Root RotRoots become soft, brown and water-soaked.Sanitation. See the Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
BEGONIARhizoctonia Aerial BlightLeaves become brown spotted, blighted and shredded.Cleary's 3336, Domain, benomyl products labelled for ornamentals; sanitation.
CHRYSANTHEMUMBacterial Leaf SpotAngular, small, black leaf spots.See the Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
CRABAPPLECedar-Apple Rust
(Gymnosporangium)
Large (3-5 mm), bright yellow spots; on underside of leaf spots, orange pustules may be present.See Alabama Pesticide Handbook.
DAYLILYSouthern Blight
Sclerotium rolfsii)
Crown rot; white mold at crown.Sanitation; rotation to turf; solarization..
DELPHINIUMFusarium Root RotRoots become brown and dried.Crop rotate away from Delphinium, Zinnia.
DOGWOODBotrytis Leaf Spot/BlightBrown-gray leaf spots/blotches.Cleary's, Domain.
DOGWOODCercospora & Seporia Leaf SpotsRound-angular, brown spots (2-4 mm).Sanitation; See Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
DOGWOODSpot Anthracnose
(Elsinoe)
Tiny red spots on bracts and leaves.See Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
FERNPythium Root RotBrown, watersoaked roots.See Pest Management Handbook.
GERANIUMBotrytis BlightBlossoms become gray-brown and limp.Sanitation; see the Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
GERANIUMPhytophthora Root RotRoots become brown, water-soaked.See the Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
GERANIUMXanthomonas campestris pv
pelargonii
Leaves develop black spots. Stems develop black rot areas. The bacerial infection will become systemic and eventually plants will wilt.Sanitation.
HAWTHORNECedar-Hawthorne RustBright yellow spots on leaves and fruit of apple, crabapple, hawthorne. Aecial orange cups develop in spots. (Cedars develop cankers).See ANR-468.
HIBISCUSFusarium Stem/Root RotDark brown, dry stem decay lesion.Sanitation. Protective treatment spray of Cleary's 3336.
HYDRANGEACercospora Leaf SpotIrregular brown lesions of variable sizes develop on leaves. Sanitation; Cleary's 3336 or Domain protective sprays.
IMPATIENSImpatiens Necrotic Spot VirusNew growth is dwarfed and stunted; foliage may show yellowing spots/patterns or black spots/patterns. Sanitation; Thrips control with insecticides.
IMPATIENSPhytophthora Crown &
Root Rot
Medium brown, wet, soft rot of lower stem and roots. Sanitation; see Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
IMPATIENSPythium Root RotMedium brown, wet, soft rot of lower stem and roots. Sanitation; see the Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
IMPATIENSRhizoctonia Crown RotDark brown, dried crown/rot. Sanitation; See the Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
IVY, ENGLISHAlternaria Leaf SpotLarge, brown-black, sometimes zonate, circular-oval spots (3-5 mm diam.).See the Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
IVY, ENGLISHBacterial Leaf SpotAngular, black, water-soaked spots (2-3 mm diam.).Sanitation; see the Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
IVY, ENGLISHPhyllosticta Leaf SpotBrown, circular to oval leaf spots.See recommendations for Alternaria.
IVY, ENGLISHPhytophthora Root RotBrown, water-soaked root decay.Sanitation; see the Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
JUNIPERPhytophthora Root RotRoots become brown, soft, and water-soaked.Sanitation. See the Alabama Pesticide Handbook.
JUNIPERTwig Blight
(Phomopsis)
Brown twig tips; small cankers at base of small twigs.Sanitation. Cleary's 3336, Domain, or a benomyl fungicide labelled for ornamentals.
LIGUSTRUMColletortrichum Leaf SpotMedium brown circular-irregular leaf spots.Sanitation. See Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
LILACPhytophthora Root RotRoots become brown and water-soaked. Subdue 2E may be used as a protective treatment. First test a few plants to be sure phytotoxicity is not a problem.
LIRIOPEColletotrichum Leaf SpotBrown, circular-irregular leaf spots (2-10 mm diam). When spots coalesce, a large portion of leaf may turn brown and die. Often leaf tips are affected.Sanitation; Cleary's 3336, Domain, or a benomyl fungicide labelled for ornamentals.
MAGNOLIA, JAPANESEBacterial Leaf SpotBrown, irregular leaf spots with water-soaked margins.Strict sanitation.
MAPLEAnthracnose
(Kabatiella)
Large, light-brown irregular spots and blotches may kill whole leaves; spots often follow leaf veins.Sanitation; fungicide sprays.
MAPLEPhyllosticta Leaf SpotSpots are circular-irregular, and have brown centers with purple margins (1/8" - 1/2" diam).Sanitation; fungicide sprays.
MAPLEGanoderma
Wood/Wood Rot
Dieback; brown wood rot.Sanitation.
OAKAnthracnose(Apiognomonia) Brown blotches often along leaf veins or leaf edges.Sanitation; See Alabama Pest Management Handbook for small oak trees.
OAKOak Leaf Blister(Taphrina) Round, slightly convex-concave light brown leaf spots (4-5 mm diam).Sanitation; See Alabama Pest Management Handbook for small oak trees.
OAKPhyllosticta Leaf Spot Circular, brown spots (2-4 mm diam).Sanitation.
OAKSlime Flux A foul smelling ooze runs down trunk surface. Initial infection of fungi, bacteria, and yeast develops in wound area.Sanitation of infection area when it is still localized.
PAMPAS GRASSPiricularia Leaf Spot Gray-brown circular leaf spots.Cleary's 3336.
PERIWINKLEAnthracnose
(Colletotrichum)
Brown, sunken cankers on stem sections.Cleary's 3336, Domain, or WP benomyl; Sanitation.
PERIWINKLEPhomopsis BlightBrown, sunken cankers on stem sections.Cleary's, Domain or WP benomyl; Sanitation.
PERIWINKLEPhytophthora Aerial
Blight
Dark brown, black cankers encircle stems and cause wilt and disback.Sanitation.
PERIWINKLERhizoctonia Aerial Blight/
Crown Rot
Lower leaves and lower stem near the soil line become browned and decayed.See Alabama Pest Management Handbook; Sanitation.
PETUNIAPhytophthora Foliage
Blight/Root Rot
Foliage develops spots, blight, collapse.Sanitation.
PHOTINIABacterial Leaf SpotBrown, irregular leaf spots with water-soaked edges.strict sanitation.
PHOTINIAEntomosporium Leaf SpotRed-black circular leaf spots.See Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
PINE, VIRGINIAPitch Canker
Fusarium
Sunken lesions on branches/trunk with resin flow.Sanitation.
PINE, LOBLOLLYPythium Root RotBrown, water-soaked roots. See Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
POINSETTIAPythium Root RotRoots become soft, brown, water-soaked.See the Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
PYRACANTHASouthern Blight
(Sclerotium)
See Aster.Solarization.
RHODODENDRONBotryosphaeria CankerSunken, brown, dried, cracked, elliptical lesions develop on branches.Sanitation. Protective spray of Cleary's 3336 or Domain.
ROSECercospora rosicola
Leaf Spot
Circular brown spots.See Alabama Pest Management Handbook for black spot.
SNAPDRAGONPhytophthora Root RotRoots become brown and watersoaked.See Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
SYCAMOREPowdery MildewWhite powdery substance on leaves.See Alabama Pest Management Handbook.
SYCAMOREScorch (Xylella)Leaves become brown and dried at the margins.Tree pruning; tree removal.
VERBENAFusarium Crown RotBrown, lower stem rot.Cleary's drenches may help.
VINCA MINORAnthracnose
Colletotrichum)
Brown, irregular spots develop leaves.Sanitation. Cleary's 3336, Domain or a benomyl product labelled for ornamentals.
VINCA MINORPythium Root RotRoots become brown and water-soaked.Aliette protective treatments or Subdue 2E. (Test a few plants for phytotoxicity).
VINCA MINORRhizoctonia Stem BlightBrown lesions near soil line.Sanitation. Cleary's 3336 or benomyl protective sprays.


UPCOMING EVENTS

August 5-8, 1999:
National Christmas Tree Association Annual Meeting.
1000 Exec. Parkway, Suite 220, St. Louis, MO 63141-6372; E-mail info at christree.org; Website
http://www.christree.org; Phone 314-205-0944; Fax 314-576-7989.

August 6-8, 1999:
TAN-MISSLARK
Dallas Convention Center, Dallas, TX.
Phone 800-880-0343; E-mail plantx@onr.com

August 8-10, 1999:
Missouri Landscape & Nursery Association Meeting & Trade Show
Columbia, MO. Phone 816-233-1481; Fax 816-233-4774.

August 19-22, 1999:
1999 International Master Gardener Conference and Trade Show
San Antonio, TX. Contact Dr. Calvin Finch at finch@tamu.edu. Homepage at http://mastergardener.tamu.edu

August 20-21, 1999:
North Carolina Association of Nurserymen (NCAN) Charlotte Show.
Charlotte Merchandise Mart, Charlotte, NC
Phone 919-266-3322; Fax 919-266-2137.

August 27-29, 1999:
Farwest Show.
Portland, Oregon.
Phone 800-342-6401.

August 31-September 3, 1999:
August 31-September 3, 1999:
160 Funchess Hall, Auburn University, AL.
For more information contact Linda Van Dyke at P.O. Box 9, Auburn, AL 36831-0009; phone 334-821-5148; fax 334-821-9111.

1999 National Urban Forest Conference: Building Cities of Green.
Seattle, Washington. Contact Dan DeWald: 425-452-6048.

September 10-11, 1999:
TNA's "Tennessee America's Nursery" Trade Show and Conference.
Opryland Hotel Convention Center, Nashville, TN. Contact TNA at 931-473-3971; fax 931-473-5883; e-mail nurseryassn@blomand.net

September 15-18, 1999:
Eastern Region International Plant Propagators' Society Annual Meeting.
Minneapolis, MN. Contact Margot Bridgen, 26 Woodland Road, Storrs, CT 06268. Phone 860-429-6818; Fax 860-429-6665

September 17-19, 1999:
Alabama Christmas Tree Association Annual Meeting
The Quality Inn Beachside Resort Hotel, Gulf Shores, AL. Contact Ken Tilt @334-844-5484; email ktilt@acesag.auburn.edu

September 17-18, 1999:
Tennessee Nursery & Landscape Association "TENNESSEE AMERICA'S NURSERY" 23rd Annual Trade Show and Conf.
Opryland Hotel & Conv. Ctr., Nashville, TN.
E-mail Tnurseryassn@blomand.net; www.tnla.com; Phone 931-473-3951; Fax 931-473-5883.

September 23-25, 1999:
6th Biennial Southern Plant Conference.
Richmond, VA. Contact SNA at 770-973-9026; SNA Infoline at 770-973-4636; http://www.sna.org

October 3-6, 1999:
Southern Region International Plant Propagators' Society.
Mobile, AL. Contact David Morgan: 817-882-4148, SR IPPS, P.O. Box 1868, Ft. Worth, TX 76101; e-mail dmorgan@bsipublishing.com

October 8 and 9, 1999:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticulture Trade Show.
Civic Center, McMinnville, Tennessee. For more information call Ann Halcomb, Exec. Sec., at 931-668-7322, fax 931-668-9601; e-mail: MTNA@blomand.net
http://www.growit.com/MTNA

November 4-6, 1999:
Gulf Coast Native Plant Conference.
Camp Beckwith, Fairhope, Alabama.
Featuring four habitats with guided field trips. For more information contact Thayer Dodd, Conference Coordinator, at 1-888-808-3633.

November 10-12, 1999:
1999 Alabama Fruit and Vegetable Growers Conference.
Holiday Inn South, Dothan, AL.
For more information e-mail: Joe Kemble (jkemble@acesag.auburn.edu) or Arlie Powell (apowell@acesag.auburn.edu).

November 13-16, 1999:
ALCA Landscape and Ground Maintenance Conference.
Baltimore, Maryland. Contact ALCA at 800-395-2522. http://www.alca.org

January 19-21, 2000:
Mid-AM Trade Show.
Navy Pier, Chicago, IL. Contact Don W. Sanford at 847-526-2010, fax 847-526-3993; e-mail midam@mc.net

January 29-February 2, 2000:
Southern Region American Society for Horticultural Science Annual Convention.
Lexington, KY. Contact Paul Smeal at 1107 Kentwood Drive, Blacksburg, VA 24060-5656, 540-552-4085; fax 540-953-0805; e-mail psmeal@vt.edu

February 3-6, 2000:
The Management Clinic.
Galt House, Louisville, KT. Contact ANLA at 202-789-2900; http://www.anla.org

March 18, 2000 - September 17, 2000:
Japan Flora 2000 'Communication Between Man and Nature'.
Awaji Island, Japan. See http://web.pref.hyogo.jp/jpnflora/english/index.htm or Meg VanSchoorl at MVANSCHOOR@agr.wa.gov

June 1-3, 1999:
Mid-South Greenhouse Growers Conference.
Ramada Inn - Southwest Conference Center in Jackson, MS. More information will be available soon or you can contact Allen Owings, Extension Horticulturist at LSU.

July 8-12, 2000:
Ohio Florists' Association Short Course and Trade Show.
Greater Columbus Convention Center. Contact OFA at 614-487-1117; e-mail ofa@ofa.org; web: http://www.ofa.org

July 11-16, 2000:
American Nursery & Landscape Association Annual Convention.
Location TBA; contact ANLA at 202-789-2900; http://www.anla.org

July 14-18, 2000:
Ohio Florists' Association Short Course and Trade Show.
Greater Columbus Convention Center. Contact OFA at 614-487-1117; e-mail ofa@ofa.org; web: http://www.ofa.org

July 16-19, 2000:
American Society for Horticultural Science 97th International Conference.
Disney Coronado Springs Resort, Orlando, FL. Contact ASHS at 703-836-4606; fax 703-836-2024; e-mail ashs@ashs.org

August 3-6, 2000:
SNA 2000 - Southern Nurserymen's Association Researchers' Conference and Trade Show.
Georgia World Congress Center, Atlanta, GA. Contact SNA at 770-973-9026; SNA Infoline at 770-973-4636; http://www.ag.uiuc.edu/~isa

September 15-16, 2000:
TNA's "Tennessee America's Nursery" Trade Show and Conference.
Opryland Hotel Convention Center, Nashville, TN. Contact TNA at931-473-3971; fax 931-473-5883; e-mail tnurseryassn@blomand.net

October 1-4, 2000:
Eastern Region International Plant Propagators' Society Annual Meeting.
Hyatt Regency Oak Brook, Chicago, IL. Contact Margot Bridgen, 26 Woodland Road, Storrs, CT 06268; phone 860-429-6818; e-mail mbippser@neca.com

October 8-11, 2000:
Southern Region International Plant Propagators' Society.
Norfolk, VA. Contact David Morgan at 817-882-4148; fax 817-882-4121, SR IPPS, P.O. Box 1868, Ft. Worth, TX 76101; e-mail dmorgan@bsipublishing.com

January 27-31, 2001:
Southern Region American Society for Horticultural Science Annual Convention.
Fort Worth, TX. Contact Paul Smeal at 1107 Kentwood Drive, Blacksburg, VA 24060-5656, 540-552-4085; fax 540-953-0805, e-mail psmeal@vt.edu

August 2-5, 2001:
SNA 2001 - Southern Nurserymen's Association Researcher's Conference and Trade Show.
Georgia World Congress Center, Atlanta, GA. Contact SNA at 770-973-9026; SNA Infoline at 770-973-4636; http://www.sna.org

January 27 - January 31, 2001:
Southern Region American Society for Horticultural Science Annual Convention.
Fort Worth, TX. Contact Paul Smeal, 1107 Kentwood Drive, Blacksburg, VA 24065-5656; phone 540-552-4085; fax 540-953-0805; e-mail: psmeal@vt.edu

August 2-5, 2001:
Southern Nursery Association Resarcher's Conference and Trade Show.
Georgia World Congress Center, Atlanta, GA. Contact SNA at 770-973-9026; SNA Infoline: 770-973-9026; SNA Infoline: 770-973-4636; http://www.sna.org

September 30 - October 3, 2001:
Eastern Region International Plant Propagators' Society Annual Meeting.
Lexington, KY. Contact Margot Bridgen, 26 Woodland Road, Storrs, CT 06268; phone 860-429-6818; e-mail mbippser@neca.com

October 18-21, 2001:
Southern Region International Plant Propagators' Society.
Houston, TX. Contact David Morgan at 817-882-4148; fax: 817-882-4121; SR IPPS, P.O. Box 1868, Ft. Worth, TX 76101; e-mail: dmorgan@bsipublishing.com

Send questions and comments to bfischma@acesag.auburn.edu.

Letters to Bernice Fischman - 101 Funchess Hall - Auburn University, AL 36849.