C O N T E N T S
KEN'S MUSINGS
OUR OWN JOHNNY APPLESEED OF JAPANESE MAPLES
POINSETTIA CULTIVAR EVALUATIONS ON-LINE
EDUCATION SHORT COURSE FOR GREENHOUSE GROWERS
ALIEN (PLANTS, THAT IS) INVADERS CONFERENCE
9TH BIENNIAL SOUTHERN PLANT CONFERENCE
PLANT PATHOLOGY REPORT
UPCOMING EVENTS

DISCLAIMER: Please remember that all information presented is a summary of research and not an endorsement of any product or a recommendation of chemicals. The official labels from the manufacturing companies offer the legal and proper use and handling information for all products.


KEN'S MUSINGS

This was the month for SNA and it was great show as always.

I particularly enjoyed this cheery booth.

I am not sure whether attendance exceeded expectations but it is always a learning experience for me. With the SNA Southern Plant Conference coming up soon (see below), I found it fascinating to see the increased coordinated marketing programs obvious on the floor.

I think it would be hard for someone to come away from the show not being aware and excited about the new Razzle Dazzle series of dwarf crapemyrtles.

Razzle Dazzle

We have watched these new gems of the trade evolve in the development program by Michael Dirr at the Center for Applied Nursery Research. There were many opinions and long discussions in deciding the winners for this introduction. The new Double Knock Out rose was also well represented in many booths and was creating a buzz.

Double Knock Out

PDSI had a nice, low growing/flowing 'Calisto' Rapheolepis that is reportedly disease resistant. It looked great in the new plants booth and on the floor display.

Calisto

I saw a well-named Green Flame Holly at Tom Dodd's Nursery booth. It was a glossy green flamed-shape leaf and a nice coarse textured holly that deserves use in the landscape. It is one you would stop and notice.

Green Flame

On a side note, I was visiting Panhandle Nursery in north Florida a few weeks ago and spotted among the holly rows of 'Mary Nell', one of the Bruner women hollies, and 'Nellie R. Stevens,' a holly with glossy neat foliage with a natural cone shape that was very attractive. It is named 'East Bay' and was one of Tom Dodd's early seedling selections from a latifolia holly at Auburn that has spawned many winners over the years. Everyone compares a holly's value in the landscape to the standard 'Nellie R. Stevens'. East Bay got my vote. I got one for my yard and one for the University to keep an eye on it and get to know it better.

If you have not seen Ralph Rushing's Patti Faye deodar cedar, you are missing a treat (Rushing Nursery, Semmes, AL).

Patti Faye

The blue color reminds you of a blue spruce. However, it looks much softer and more elegant on a deodar cedar. It should be a great one for the South. Hydrangeas were everywhere. 'Endless Summer' continues its day on the Hit Parade and it deserves its rave reviews and attention. However, in trials in Cullman, AL, it was great but the foliage was only so-so. There is improvement that can be made, and be assured our industry is feverishly breeding and selecting for the next great plant to be on every gardener's and landscaper's want list. I have enjoyed 'Big Daddy', 'Ayesha', 'Taube' (who would buy that name), 'Fuji Waterfall' (serrata) and many others. Hydrangeas are for collecting!

Big Daddy

I have never seen so much emphasis on Hydrangea paniculata. 'Limelight' was scattered among many booths and I have enjoyed 'Chantilly Lace' not only for the great plant but for the nostalgia of the name.

Limelight

The search for a dwarf loropetalum is over with two releases taking center stage and I am really excited about these. Retailers have been selling dwarf/smaller loropetalums for years and disappointing gardeners placing them under a 3 foot window. Speaking of loropetalum, I have enjoyed the tree form selections grown by Plantation nursery and others. Like southern waxmyrtle and some ligustrums, this plant displays well as a small tree. Carex's were never at a southern show a few years ago but they were sprinkled among the more aggressive/progressive plant-nut nurseries. They are a great addition to the landscaper's pallet. I would comment on all the new herbaceous jewels being introduced but I will leave that for Dr. Kessler.

Loropetalum tree form

Bill Wallace

Purple Haze

I also noted that the bar continues to rise on expectation for quality plant material. Woody ornamental nurseries are slowly closing the gap between greenhouse producers of floral crops and expectations from buyers of Christmas trees. Ugly trees in root-bound containers are OUT!

I hope you can make it to the Southern Plant Conference. It is a great way to stay on the cutting edge of our industry and see the incredible work that is being done in backyard breeding nurseries, corporations and university plant development programs. You will come away bedazzled, overwhelmed and excited. In two years, it will reappear in Mobile.

It is a short week and a half until the next newsletter is due. It will be laden with good take-home research results from the SNA Research Conference.

Five more energetic, ambitious, brave souls took the Alabama Certified Landscape Professional Exam at SNA.

It is the future. The vision is, as our industry grows and the need to distinguish between those who are knowledgeable professionals in the business, that there will be increased pressure to become certified and easily recognized for your skills and knowledge. The Alabama Nursery and Landscape Association offers you that opportunity to get the edge on your competitors and receive the added marketing attention and help provided by your Association. The next test will be in November. Contact the ALNLA office for registration information.

I am sorry to say that Linda VanDyke is no longer the Executive Secretary of ALNLA. I have worked with her so long that I have almost forgotten that there was an ALNLA before Linda VanDyke. She resigned and is moving on to other opportunities. I enjoyed and appreciated our working relationship and her dedication and contributions to the industry. I will have to find new ways to stay organized and on task. We wish her well.

Ken
334-844-5484 Office
tiltken@auburn.edu


OUR OWN JOHNNY APPLESEED OF JAPANESE MAPLES

Harold Johnston and Auburn University
Harold Johnston is an unlikely candidate to become the mentor to University Professors, students, researchers, master gardeners and industry professionals throughout the Southeast United States but there are many people that are thankful to Harold for sharing his knowledge and enthusiasm for Japanese maples and life.

My interest in Japanese maples led me to Harold around 1992. Like many other passionate plant people, I found Harold through word of mouth. I was talking about plants with someone and mentioned Japanese maples and their response, which I have mimicked many times since to others, was “Do you know Harold Johnston in Elmore County?” I got a phone number and called to ask if I could drop by for a maple visit. “Come on, I’ll be here.” Nothing makes Harold happier than sharing his passion for maples. I rambled the back roads between Auburn and Montgomery near Tallassee and rounded a bend in the road off County Road 8 where I spotted his house across from a country filling station. I pulled into the driveway of an unassuming small house on about a one acre lot that was graced with 8 or 10 Japanese maples. It did not have the appearance of an avid collector. I met Harold, a retired mechanic who weighed, in his words, about 90 pounds after a good rain, on his front porch. This began what was to become a regular ritual of sitting on the porch swing and discussing the latest cultivars and the anticipation of what new scion wood was arriving soon. We then ambled around to the back of the house to see what unusual branch sports he had found and tagged or what amazing colors or twists he had found among his seedlings. We continued to tip-toe our way through the pots and admire what then was well over 400 cultivars of Japanese maples. There may have only been 8 or 10 maples in the front yard but you could not squeeze a quart pot among the 1000’s of containers in the back. He had labels on the maples he was selling for the benefit of his customers but he could spot and name all of the 400 cultivars. They were mostly in 1 to 5 gallon containers because there was not room for a major arboretum display. This is where the Auburn University relationship began.

Harold took me, an Auburn University professor, under his wing and began to teach me the art of grafting and sharing his treasures with the University. I knew the science of grafting but I was a few hundred thousand grafts behind my “Master Grafter” mentor. I later published his teachings for the nursery industry to use in the International Plant Propagators Proceedings. I related in the article that he broke many of the textbook rules of collecting and preparing his scion wood. I would follow behind him as we meandered through his collection bending the twigs to determine their readiness for grafting. If they were ready, he would pull out his razor sharp knife and using his thumb to press the cutting to the knife blade, bend and cut 20 or so prime scions by deftly bending and cutting at the same time. He would then stick them in his blue jean pocket and move to the next cultivar and repeat the same procedure. However, he would stick the scions in the same pocket. I asked him if he needed to label them and put a rubber band around the bundles. He laughed and said he knew what they were and he did. We spent some scattered days beneath the shade of a large pecan tree in Harold’s front yard practicing the craft, discussing Japanese maple future needs like an orange cultivar to match Auburn University’s colors as well as sharing some political views and other topics of nothingness. I still marvel at his efficient wielding of his knife as he prepares delicate scions of Beni Komo No Su (a fine hair-thin branched cultivar) as easily as he prepares pencil-sized scions of Bloodgood. I always went home to Auburn feeling better than when I arrived with my grafts and a few of Harold’s take-home maples (gifts) to plant out at Auburn for the students and industry professionals to see as they matured.

A close relationship evolved and Harold quietly consented to my urgings to help teach students, master gardeners and friends to experience and develop a life-long skill and hobby in the Japanese maple world. He also came at my invitation to teach grafting seminars at our Nursery Trade Show Seminars and area nursery meetings. Most nurseries with Japanese maples around the country, and other countries, know Harold well. He receives frequent shipments of new scion wood with an invoice stamped “NO CHARGE”. He reciprocates by sending and sharing his new “finds”. Over the years I know he has given away many more plants than he has sold from his nursery business, “Johnny’s Pleasure Plants”. The name of his nursery defines his passion for plants. His wife, Johnny, lovingly fusses at him often because he does too much, and he does, but confides privately that he would probably die if he did not have his maples to keep him active. It is embarrassing to have an older and a 160 pound lighter man say, “let me get those pots for you and load your truck.” I often refer to him as the Johnny Appleseed of Japanese maples. He shared one of his treasured pre-patented Beni Shien maples for us to evaluate at Auburn. It is not a maple that has reached the mass market yet but it is one of the most distinct, unusual and special plants among our collection. It is a lot like Harold, one-of-a-kind.


POINSETTIA CULTIVAR EVALUATIONS ON-LINE

In 1997, and since 1999, the Ornamental Horticulture Research Center in Mobile has evaluated poinsettia cultivars for their suitability in greenhouse production on the Gulf Coast. The number of cultivars evaluated each year has varied from a high of 97 in 2000 to a low of 25 in 2002. As part of the evaluation, each year cultivars grown in the trial are judged by the public at the Mobile Botanical Gardens during a display and sale. In an effort to make the information gained by these trials more available, a website has been created for the 2003 evaluation. To access this information point your web browser to: 2003 Poinsettia Cultivar Information. Information on this site includes photos of each cultivar, a summary of temperature differentials, a graphical tracking chart of each cultivar and a summary of each cultivar’s vital statistics (i.e., plant date, pinch date, final height, flower size and number). Stay tuned for the 2004 poinsettia evaluation’s web information and updates on the upcoming 2005 trial! More information on these trials can be found at the following web pages: 1997 poinsettia evaluation, 1999 poinsettia evaluation and 2004 SNA summary article.


EDUCATION SHORT COURSE FOR GREENHOUSE GROWERS

The Alabama Nursery and Landscape Association and the Alabama Cooperative Extension System will hold a Greenhouse Production Short Course on August 25, 2005 at CCC Associates in Montgomery, AL. Registration for the program will begin at 8:00 AM and the education program will begin at 9:00. Lunch will be served at 12:00 and a tour of the Southern Growers greenhouse facilities will begin at 3:00 PM. Speakers include David Jewell from Sakata Seed Company, Dr. J. Raymond Kessler from Auburn University, and there will be an Alabama Grower panel discussion in the afternoon. This education program is appropriate for greenhouse workers and growers. For more information, contact ALNLA at (334) 821-5148.


ALIEN INVADERS CONFERENCE

What: What Can You Do to Protect Your Trees and Landscape Plants from These Alien Invaders
Where: Columbus State University, Cunningham Center
When: August 31, 12:30-5:00 p.m.

Through a grant from the Urban and Sustainable Forestry Program of the Georgia Forestry Commission, Oxbow is hosting the above named conference. Pests and diseases have the potential to devastate our forests (much like chestnut blight) and some of our landscape, timber and nursery crops. From hemlocks that shade and hold the soil in mountain streams and protect water quality ---- to red oaks, azaleas, camellias, viburnum, and rhododendron in our historic and contemporary landscape --- to the loblolly pines in our timber lands, we are in trouble.

CE credit is being given and the program is appropriate for nursery owners and workers, foresters, students, gardeners, landscape folks, pesticide applicators, turf and golf course folks, etc. The program features an overview of Urban Forestry, Sudden Oak Death, Pine Decline, and Hypoxylon, Letographium, spp., Asian Longhorn, Ambrosia Beetle, Emerald Ash Borer and Woolly Adelgids.

To register by email: champion_becky@colstate.edu (subject line: alien invaders) or by phone: call Janet Brown at 706-687-4090.


9TH BIENNIAL SOUTHERN PLANT CONFERENCE

A reminder regarding the 9th Biennial Southern Plant Conference to be held at the Seelbach Hilton Hotel in Louisville, Kentucky on September 7-10, 2005. This biennial conference, produced by the Southern Nursery Association in cooperation with the Kentucky Nursery & Landscape Association, is designed to increase communications of new plant varieties and decrease the average time needed to bring them to market. The Southern Plant Conference provides a unique learning environment full of straight talk and factual information. It's hard-hitting and intensive review of the vast array of plant materials that have been adapted to a wide variety of growing conditions focuses on new and superior cultivars, as well as new applications for old varieties. Presentations by nationally and internationally recognized plant experts will offer new insight into the future of horticulture. For more information email to sna.org


PLANT PATHOLOGY REPORT - JUNE 2005

Jackie Mullen, Extension Plant Pathology Specialist-Auburn
Jim Jacobi, Extension Plant Pathology Specialist-Birmingham
Charles Ray, Research Fellow IV-Auburn

Auburn Plant Disease Report-June 2005 (J. Mullen)
June was a very busy month as is usual for June. We received 342 samples: 171 were regular summer time samples; 96 were AL State Department of Agriculture samples submitted for Sudden Oak Death (SOD) testing; 75 were soybean and kudzu samples submitted as part of a soybean rust survey.

With our usual summer diseases submitted, we saw Pythium root decay on a variety of plants, tomato spotted wilt virus on tomato, pepper, and zinnia. Cercospora leaf spot diseases were commonly seen on a variety of plants. Bacterial leaf spots were more numerous than usual on several types of plants.

Our biggest news for June is the detection and identification of soybean rust in Fairhope (Baldwin County) in a Sentinel Plot on June 29. Ed Sikora, many of you, and some summer workers have been surveying the state in an effort to detect the initial 2005 occurrences of this rust disease. The Birmingham lab and Auburn lab have been checking these samples for rust. This rust disease was first detected in the U.S. in Louisiana early last November. The first detection of this rust disease in Alabama was in Mobile, November 4 by a State Department of Agriculture Inspector. The disease was confirmed by USDA & APHIS by PCR methods on November 18. The disease is developing and spreading this summer more slowly than was anticipated with disease occurrences not being detected outside of the Fairhope area as of July 20. Rust disease was detected in a commercial field last week in the Fairhope (Baldwin County) area. On July 19, Ed told me the disease was confirmed at a location in Athens, Georgia, and at a site in eastern Mississippi not very far from Mobile.

June Plant Diseases Seen In The Auburn Plant Diagnostic Lab
PLANTPROBLEMCOUNTY
AmaryllisStagnospora Leaf Spots; Virus *
AucubaBotryosphaeria Canker *
AucubaPhytophthora Crown & Root RotCoffee
AzaleaPhytophthora Crown & Root RotPike
BahiaSlime MoldBaldwin
Begonia, Angel WingBacterial Leaf Spot (Xanthomonas)Lee
Begonia, ReigerAnthracnose (Colletotrichum)Lee
BermudaBipolaris Leaf SpotCoffee, Elmore
BermudaSlime MoldFranklin
BoxwoodBotryosphaeria CankerRussell
BoxwoodMacrophoma Blight; Volutella BlightCalhoun
CampanulaPhytophthora Crown RotLee
DaylilyDaylily Rust (Puccinia hemerocallidis)Crenshaw
FescuePythium BlightLimestone, Walker
HollyEntomosporium Leaf SpotLee
HoneysuckleAnthracnose (Colletotrichum)Fayette
HydrangeaBacterial Leaf SpotDale
HydrangeaCercospora Leaf Spot *
HydrangeaFusarium WiltDale
HydrangeaRoot-knot Nematode (Meloidogyne)Dale
IrisHeterosporium Leaf SpotLee
KudzuBacterial Leaf Spot (Suspect Pseudomonas)Autauga, Choctaw, Clarke,
Coffee, Coosa, Elmore,
Escambia, Greene, Hale,
Henry, Houston, Macon,
Madison, Perry, Pike,
Tuscaloosa
KudzuCercospora Leaf Spot *
KudzuPycnidial Leaf SpotRussell
Maple, JapanesePhyllosticta Leaf SpotElmore
OakRust (Cronartium quercuum f. sp. fusiforme)Escambia
Oak, LaurelPhyllosticta Leaf SpotElmore
Oak, WillowAnthracnose (Colletotrichum)Mobile
PalmGraphiola Leaf SpotElmore
Pear, BartlettFusarium CankerLee
PecanCrown Gall (Agrobacterium)Wilcox
SpathiphyllumPythium Root RotHouston
St. AugustineGray Leaf Spot (Pyricularia)Calhoun
St. AugustineTake-All Patch (Gaeumannomyces)Calhoun, Jefferson
Wax MyrtleBotryosphaeria Canker *
ZinniaTomato Spotted Wilt Virus *
ZoysiaAlgaeRussell
ZoysiaBipolaris Crown RotAutauga, Jefferson
ZoysiaBrown Patch (Rhizoctonia)Jefferson
ZoysiaRust (Puccinia zoysia)Jefferson
ZoysiaSlime MoldLee
ZoysiaTake-All Patch (Gaeumannomyces)Colbert, Jefferson
*Counties are not reported for nursery, greenhouse, and golf course samples.

Monthly Plant Problem Report From The Birmingham Lab (J. Jacobi)
We received 156 samples in June. Some of the diseases last month included Sphaeropsis dieback on Leyland Cypress; Ascochyta blight on dogwood; Phytophthora blight on vinca, rust on oxalis; and Valsa and Sphaeropsis Canker on Willow.

The wet weather during early June caused significant disease problems on vegetables and other plants. Phytophthora crown rot of summer squash was one of the more dramatic diseases seen during June. This disease can progress very rapidly from death of the growing point to plant collapse and death in a few days. The following web site has some excellent pictures of this disease (http://vegetablemdonline.ppath.cornell.edu/PhotoPages/Cucurbit/Phytoph2/CucPhyFS3.htm). This web site also has the best photo gallery of vegetable diseases I have found. The gallery is grouped by host, with everything from beans to watermelon. Check it out the next time you have a vegetable disease problem (http://vegetablemdonline.ppath.cornell.edu/PhotoPages/PhotoGallery.htm).

Several homeowners also brought in ornamental plant samples with flatid planthoppers. The white, cottony, waxy material made by the nymphs is the first thing that most people notice. People often mistake these deposits for those of mealybugs or the cottony-cushion scale. However, the planthoppers rarely cause significant damage to affected plants and no control is necessary. For more information on planthopers and how to distinguish them from more serious pests, click on the following link (http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/ent/notes/O&T/trees/note48/note48.html).

JUNE 2005 Plant Diseases Seen In The Birmingham Plant Diagnostic Lab
PLANTPROBLEMCOUNTY
ArborvitaeMinute Cypress ScaleJefferson
ArborvitaeSpruce Spider MitesJefferson
AucubaPhytophthora Root RotJefferson
AzaleaAzalea Bark ScaleShelby
AzaleaAzalea LacebugsJefferson
BegoniaPythium Root and Crown RotJefferson
BentgrassAnthracnose (Colletotrichum)*
BentgrassPythium Root Rot* (3)
BermudaBipolaris Leaf SpotBlount
BermudaDollar Spot (Sclerotinia)Bibb, Jefferson
BermudaRust (Puccinia)Jefferson
Boxwood, AmericanCottony Cushion ScaleJefferson
Boxwood, AmericanVolutella BlightJefferson
Camellia SasanquaLeaf Gall (Exobasidium)Jefferson
Camellia SasanquaTea ScaleJefferson
Cedar, DeodaraRhizoctonia Root RotShelby
Cherry, FloweringPhyllosticta Leaf SpotTuscaloosa
Cone FlowerFlatid PlanthoppersJefferson
CotoneasterLacebugsJefferson
Cypress, ArizonaKabatina BlightJefferson
Cypress, LeylandPestalotia Tip BlightJefferson
Cypress,LeylandSphaeropsis DiebackSt. Clair
Dogwood, FloweringAscochyta BlightJefferson
Dogwood, FloweringDogwood Club GallJefferson
Dogwood, FloweringPhyllosticta Leaf SpotWalker
Dogwood, FloweringPowdery MildewJefferson
Elm, WingedBotryodiploidia CankerJefferson
EuonymusEuonymus ScaleShelby
Fern, Japanese TongueSlime Mold (Fuligo)Jefferson
Hydrangea, Big LeafCercospora Leaf SpotJefferson
Hydrangea, Big LeafTwo Spotted-Spider MitesJefferson
IrisIris Borers/Bacterial Soft RotJefferson
Ivy, EnglishAnthracnose (Colletotrichum)Jefferson
Jasmine, ConfederateFlatid PlanthoppersJefferson
JuniperSouthern Spider Mites/ScaleJefferson
Juniper, ShorePhytophthora Root RotJefferson
KudzuBacterial Leaf SpotMarshall
Privet, VariegatedPrivet Rust MitesJefferson
Lantana Lantana LacebugsJefferson
LiriopeVole DamageJefferson
Magnolia, SaucerPowdery MildewJefferson
Maple, JapanesePhyllosticta Leaf SpotCoosa
Maple, RedRhizoctonia Root RotShelby
CrocosmiaTwo-Spotted Spider MiteJefferson
MulberryAsian Ambrosia BeetlesJefferson
Oak, WaterAsiatic Oak WeevilJefferson
Oak, WaterOak Leaf Blister (Taphrina)Jefferson
Pear, CalleryFire Blight (Erwinia)Jefferson
PecanPhylloxeraJefferson (2)
PecanHickory ShuckwormJefferson
PetuniaPhytophthora BlightJefferson
Pine, MugoNantucket Pine Tip MothJefferson
PothosBacterial Leaf SpotJefferson
RhododendronCercospora Leaf SpotJefferson
RhododendronRhododendron LacebugsJefferson
RoseBlack SpotJefferson
RoseRose MosaicJefferson
RoseTwo-Spotted Spider MitesJefferson
Shamrock, Purple (Oxalis)Rust (Puccinia)Jefferson
St. AugustinegrassDog DamageSt. Clair
St. AugustinegrassFairy RingJefferson
St. AugustinegrassGray Leaf SpotJefferson, St. Clair
Sweet GumHerbicide DamageShelby
Willow, ContortedImported Willow Leaf BeetleShelby
Willow, ContortedValsa (Cytospora) CankerShelby
Willow, WeepingSphaeropsis CankerShelby
ZoysiagrassDollar Spot (Sclerotinia)Jefferson (2)
ZoysiagrassTwo-lined Spittlebug DamageJefferson
*Counties are not reported for greenhouse, nursery, and golf course samples.

AUBURN ENTOMOLOGY REPORT - JUNE 2005 (C. Ray)
COUNTY CROP CATEGORY SPECIMEN NAME
Houston Clematis Ornamental Multicolored Asian Lady Beetle Pupae
Houston Morning Glory Ornamental Tortoise Beetles
Covington Magnolia Ornamental Rove Beetle, Sap Beetle
Jefferson Arborvitae Ornamental Minute Cypress Scale
Tuscaloosa Day Lilies Ornamental Multicolored Asian Lady Beetles
Limestone Magnolia Ornamental Asian Ambrosia Beetle
Mobile Chestnut and Chinkipin Flowers Ornamental Tumbling Flower Beetle
Mobile Chestnut and Chinkipin Flowers Ornamental A Narrow-Waisted Bark Beetle
Mobile Chestnut and Chinkipin Flowers Ornamental A Comb-Clawed Beetle
Montgomery Hydrangea Ornamental Spider Mites
Choctaw Magnolia Ornamental Tuliptree Scale
Baldwin Oak Ornamental Bark Lice
Tuscaloosa Dogwood Ornamental Subterranean Termite
Jefferson Japanese Maple Ornamental Bagworm


UPCOMING EVENTS

August 25-27, 2005:
The Farwest Show.
Portland, Oregon, Oregon Convention Center.
Contact Aimee Schendel, Oregon Association of Nurserymen, 29751 SW Town Center Loop West, Wilsonville, OR 97070; 800-342-6401; 503-682-5089 x 2006; Fax, 503-682-5099; e-mail, info@farwestshow.com
URL:
http://www.farwestshow.com

September 16-18 2005:
Southern Christmas Tree Association Annual Meeting.
Beavers Christmas Tree Farm
Trafford, Alabama.
For more information go to www.southernchristmastrees.org

September 9-10, 2005:
The Southern Plant Conference.
Louisville, Kentucky.
Contact: Matt Gardiner, KY Coordinator, 502-245-0238: e-mail, matthew624@aol.com; or Betsie Taylor, KNLA Exec. Dir., 350 Village Drive, Frankfort, KY 40601; 502-848-0055 or 800-735-9791, Fax 502-848-0032 e-mail knla@mis.net
URL: http://www.knla.org
or Danny Summers at SNA, 770-953-3311; Fax 770-953-4411; SNA Infoline, 770-953-4636; e-mail, danny@mail.sna.org;
URL: http://www.sna.org

September 24-30, 2005
Alabama Farmers Federation Horticultural Tour.
Niagra Region of Canada
Contact Brian Hardin at 800-392-5705, ext.4217 or bhardin@alfafarmers.org

September 30 - October 1, 2005:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticultural Trade Show.
McMinnville Civic Center, McMinnville, TN
For more information contact Ann Halcomb by: phone: 931-668-7322; fax: 931-668-9601; e-mail: mtna@blomand.net,
http://www.mtna.com/ or http://www.southeasternnursery.com/mtna/

October 3-4, 2005:
North Alabama Middle Tennessee Tour
Hosted by Alabama Nursery and Landscape Association
For more information contact Linda VanDyke at ALNLA: 334-821-5148

October 23-26, 2005:
IPPS Southern Region of North America 30th Annual Meeting.
Gainesville, Florida.
For more information click on http://www.ipps.org/SouthernNA/programs.html

January 5-6, 2006:
Mid-States Horticultural Expo.
Kentucky Fairgrounds, Louisville, Kentucky.
NOTE: Kentucky will host this new winter trade show. The event was created with cooperation from the Kentucky Nursery & Landscape Association, the Tennessee Nursery & Landscape Association, and the Southern Nursery Association. The Kentucky Fairgrounds is a 400-acre facility with more than 1 million square feet of indoor space.

February 2-4, 2006:
Gulf States Horticultural Expo.
Mobile Convention Center, Mobile, Alabama.
For more information email: info@gshe.org
Voicemail: 334-502-7777
Fax: 334-502-7711

August 24-26, 2006:
The Farwest Show.
Portland, Oregon, Oregon Convention Center.
Contact Aimee Schendel, Oregon Association of Nurserymen, 29751 SW Town Center Loop West, Wilsonville, OR 97070; 800-342-6401; 503-682-5089 x 2006; Fax, 503-682-5099; e-mail, info@farwestshow.com
URL: http://www.farwestshow.com

October 6-7, 2006:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticultural Trade Show.
McMinnville Civic Center, McMinnville, TN
For more information contact Ann Halcomb by: phone: 931-668-7322; fax: 931-668-9601; e-mail: mtna@blomand.net,
http://www.mtna.com/ or http://www.southeasternnursery.com/mtna/

August 23-25, 2007:
The Farwest Show.
Portland, Oregon, Oregon Convention Center.
Contact Aimee Schendel, Oregon Association of Nurserymen, 29751 SW Town Center Loop West, Wilsonville, OR 97070; 800-342-6401, 503-682-5089 x 2006; Fax, 503.682.5099; e-mail, info@farwestshow.com
URL: http://www.farwestshow.com

October 5-6, 2007:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticultural Trade Show.
McMinnville Civic Center, McMinnville, TN
For more information contact Ann Halcomb by: phone: 931-668-7322; fax: 931-668-9601; e-mail: mtna@blomand.net,
http://www.mtna.com/ or http://www.southeasternnursery.com/mtna/


Send horticultural questions and comments to ktilt@acesag.auburn.edu.

Send questions and comments to fischbr@auburn.edu.

Letters to Bernice Fischman - 101 Funchess Hall - Auburn University, AL 36849.