Hello everyone,
Ken just came back from SNA in Atlanta, full of new ideas and excited about the research sessions he attended and things he saw at the Trade Show. Tomorrow is the Risk Management Workshop at the Lodge and Conference Center at Grand National and Ken will be there for two days. We figured since it is already the middle of the month we would at least get something out to you. We will be asking our students who had poster and research presentations to share their work with you in our September edition.

Until September,


DISCLAIMER: Please remember that all information presented is a summary of research and not an endorsement of any product or a recommendation of chemicals. The official labels from the manufacturing companies offer the legal and proper use and handling information for all products.


Shrubs for soils that go “Squoosh”
Dr. Ken Tilt, Auburn University

One of a gardener's or landscaper's great frustrations is to do all the “right” things in planting and care for their newly planted shrubs only to see them languish, turn yellow, wilt, develop ugly black spots, drop leaves and eventually deteriorate to mush. Did you know that plants also can wilt due to too much water? The usual response to wilting plants is to water, add fertilizer to yellow leaves, fungicides for black spots, scream and throw up your hands as leaves drop and call for help! The “too little, too late” help comes from your extension office, garden center or knowledgeable gardening neighbor that shares that the squoosh you hear when you move the plant back and forth means the plant is in a poorly drained site and has died due to suffocation. It can not take up water because the roots are dead. It Drowned! What do I do now?

First, understand that plants need oxygen. In early school grades you learned that plants were great for the balance of nature because they gave off oxygen. They do replenish our oxygen but the roots also are very involved in respiration. If a soil is filled with water, there is no room for air, or very little. Azaleas, Leyland cypress and many other plants will not tolerate soggy soils, low in oxygen. The answer to the problem is to build a raised bed or put in a drainage system to pull the water away from the roots so oxygen can fill the voids. The other and simpler alternative is to pick the plant to fit the site. Which plants tolerate or thrive in wet soils? There are many shrubs, almost shrubs or shrub wanna-bes that can serve this purpose nicely.

Two shrubs that I include in my gotta-have-it files are Clethera alnifolia and Itea virginica (Summersweet and Virginia Sweetspire). They are two native plants that do not roll off the tongues of most gardeners and are not related. However they have some common traits that make me plant them together and lump them together. Aside from both having sweet in their names, they both do well in sun or shade and of course wet locations. They both colonize or sucker and spread but are not invasive. They both have wonderful fragrant abundant flowers occurring in long racemes. Virginia sweetspire blooms in late spring/early summer whereas Summersweet blooms, as the name implies, in July and August. Summersweet is a little taller (6’ to 8’) and more upright in appearance. Sweetspire is arching, drooping and lazy in its growth habit rising only about ½ as tall as Sweetspire. They combine well in mass plantings where they form natural drifts and fill in blank spaces. Fall color displays from both plants is another trait that makes you pause for a second look and sigh with the reassuring thoughts that life is beautiful. Clethera offers more yellow and yellow/browns whereas Itea contrasts with burgundy/red to orange. They do not have to be planted together but I usually speak of them in the same breath. These are two wet area plants that will allow you to stay in your hammock. The books list possible problems of spider mites but I would not own a sprayer if these were the only two plants in my landscape.

Clethera has three relatively easy cultivars to find, select and collect. Hummingbird is a more squat white flowered selection and Ruby Spice and Pink Spires offer a light pink color to the wonderful fragrance. People with an eye for Itea virginica have found Henry’s Garnet and Little Henry to offer great fall color and a smaller selection of Sweetspire. These plants are an investment in your well-being! Buy some and propagate some for your neighbors. Share your treasures.

Another great plant that does not get the attention it deserves for a foundation plant is Ilex glabra or the Inkberry holly. Most houses are built, by necessity, on highly compacted foundations. Many landscape contractors select Japanese hollies such as Compacta or Helleri hollies to place along the foundation wall. These are great plants, but poor selection for poorly aerated and drained sites. Inkberry hollies offer a much better choice and are very tolerant of these conditions. Most novices could not tell the difference between the two since they both have nice small evergreen leaves and form a mounded 2 to 4 ft plant. Dwarf Yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria) is another very tolerant species of holly used for foundation plants. The large weeping form of yaupon hollies is great for accent plants at the edges of the building or framing an entrance. These hollies are commonly used and easy to find.

Aronia arbutifolia (Chokeberry), what a name! This is one of our great native plants for show but you have to work to sell a name like Chokeberry. Actually, Chokeberry refers to the fact that birds do not eat the berries which are incredibly beautiful in the fall. It has glossy green leaves in the spring with red fall color as it drops the leaves in the fall. It grows to about 6 feet by 4 feet. The white flowers in the spring are nice but would not stop a crowd to admire their beauty. It is another suckering, colonizing plant that is great for massing in full sun in moist soils. Get the cultivar, Brilliantissima, for the best show. Plants with similar great fruit displays are deciduous holly species Ilex verticillata or winterberry and Ilex decidua or possumhaw. Red Sprite is one of my favorite winterberries that has large red fruit and is a more compact plant than the species. Warren’s Red possumhaw is prominently displayed at the entrance to the Birmingham Botanical Gardens and makes you stop and stare to see the bright red berries against the gray stems of this plant. Birds like the fruit of these plants. To be assured of fruit, get the matching pollinators Jim Dandy and Apollo. One good male will do the trick.

Sambucus canadensis (American Elder) is a plant that graces very few gardens. It is often seen on roadsides but rarely in a garden center. It is used much more in Europe and can be a very beautiful plant. It meets the criterion for plants that tolerate wet areas. It is a spreading, 10 to 12 ft plant that offers attractive flowers in June and fruit in the fall. You would have to search the internet to find some of the cultivars available but it is worth the search. There are yellow leaf and cut leaf forms that offer great texture and color to the landscape. It is best if you cut them back each year to keep them neat and in control.

Damae racemosa - Alexandrian-laurel or I often heard it called Poet’s laurel. This is a graceful, arching evergreen shrub, 2 to 4 feet tall that has a unique appearance that would fit well in the landscape. I used to see it used frequently in Raleigh, N.C. It is at Callaway Gardens and I saw them displayed at the Atlanta Botanical Gardens. I brought back good memories of a nice plant. The reason for the rarity of this plant is that it is propagated by division and seed. It takes about 3 years to get a saleable plant from seed. It is sometimes hard for a nursery to get their money back on a plant that takes 3 years to get to the Market. Piccadilly Farms in Bishop,Georgia specializes in some of these plant treasures and oddities that others do not want to grow. Poet’s laurel stretches the limit for tolerance to wet soils. It is very much at home in moist soils but not standing water and it needs shade or north and east exposures.

Other shrubs that you may want to evaluate for wet areas are Southern waxmyrtle (Myrica cerifera), Redtwig dogwood (Cornus stolonifera), Florida leucothoe (Agarista populifolia), Florida anise (Illicium floridanum), Bottlebrush buckeye (Aesculus parvifolia), Sweetshrub (Calycanthus floridus) and Loblolly bay (Gordonia lasianthus). Ask your garden center to see some of these plants. Others are more obscure and you will need to ask you garden center to special order or begin to find the small entrepreneurs on the internet.

Under the heading of almost shrubs are four plants that may border on the tree side and actually fall into the tree category but for 8 to 12 years you could call them large shrubs. They branch to the ground and fall into that category of shub wanna-bes. These four make great screen plants and are jewels of any garden. Southern magnolia and Sweetbay magnolia, Pond cypress, Nellie R. Stevens holly and White cypress are four good screen plants for wet areas.

If you ask someone to recommend a plant for a quick screen, eight out of 10 answers you will receive will be Leyland cypress. Leyland cypress is a good plant but it will not tolerate wet! A prolonged rainy season and your beautiful long green row of leylands will look like black, rotten teeth in what was a pretty smile. Although not a fast growing plant like Leyland cypress, the magnolias, cypress and hollies fill the gaps in a reasonable amount of time. Little Gem, Alta and Hasse southern magnolias (Magnolia grandiflora) will turn into trees but many of us will be buried beneath them before they reach that size. They all have smaller leaves and a narrower, upright (fastigiate) growth habit than our standard southern plantation magnolias and will tolerate wet soils. Alta and Hasse offer leaves that turn up at 45 degree angles and give a more formal appearance. Little Gem is one of the cash cows of the nursery industry because it is so beautiful with fragrant, full-sized magnolia flowers blooming off and on throughout the summer. The elegance and tradition of southern magnolias make them a great choice and these new cultivars offer a better selection for the smaller lots of today’s landscapes. Sweetbay magnolias (Magnolia virginiana) is a cheater evergreen. Many leaves are thinned from the branches by early spring but there are still enough remaining to give a good screen effect. The wonderful beauty of a sweetbay magnolia is the silver backed leaves that shimmer in the bright sun. All the magnolias will take some shade but will do better in full sun giving more flowers and a denser screen. Many people complain about magnolias dropping leaves throughout the year. If you allow or train the branches to sweep the ground, most of the leaves trickle through the tree and form a mulch layer beneath the tree. Tie bricks to the lower branches to pull them to the ground. For the leaves that land on the perimeter, lift the limbs like a good throw rug and sweep the wayward leaves back beneath the branches.


The following is a news release from the American Nursery & Landscape Association (ANLA)

Washington, D.C.— The American Nursery & Landscape Association (ANLA) announces the release of the 2004 American Standard for Nursery Stock (ANSI Z60.1-2004 – the “Standard”). Approved by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) on May 12, 2004, the revised Standard is an essential reference for every landscape architect, designer, garden center or distribution firm buyer, grower, or landscape installation firm. Since 1923, the Standard has established the fundamental terminology used in nursery stock transactions.

In order to make this important resource available to everyone in the green industry and increase compliance with the Standard, ANLA will provide it at no charge through their website www.alna.org . The pdf-format document can be viewed on-line, downloaded to the user’s computer, or printed, and horticulture schools and state certification programs can print as many copies as they need. Every association in the green industry is encouraged to provide a direct link from their website to the publications area of www.alna.org, enabling the Standard to get maximum usage, thus benefiting the industry as a whole. A “field-friendly” version, printed on stain-resistant paper, will be available for purchase from ANLA later this year.

Important revisions in the 2004 edition of the Standard include:

For more information contact Amanda Flynn at 202.789.2900 or aflynn@alna.org


Fire ants continue to plague our region of the country. If you would like to look at some current research go to http://www.aces.edu/dept/fireants


A critical component to profitable nursery crop production is the proper use of fertilizer, particularly deciding on the proper amount as under-fertilization can reduce growth, lower quality and render plants unmarketable. Over-fertilization, on the other hand, is wasteful and can potentially cause plant damage and contaminate surface and ground water. Growers need to fine-tune their fertilizer regimen. This study examined the effect of fertilizer brand, fertilizer rate, method of application, and summer reapplication on the height, caliper, and number of branches of Amelanchier x 'Autumn Brilliance'.

The authors of this study found that: "Growers using an 8-9 month controlled-release fertilizer may not realize any growth benefits to a summer reapplication. Growers using PolyonR may wish to incorporate to maximize caliper; growers using Osmocote PlusR may wish to top apply in order to maximize caliper. Growers may wish to fertilize with the high rate of Osmocote PlusR in order to achieve maximum caliper. Growers using Osmocote PlusR may wish to top apply in order to increase branching."

Topdress had no significant effect on the number of branches, caliper or height and none of the treatments on Autumn Brilliance impacted their height. Plants treated with Osmocote PlusR had significantly more branches than the control. There were significantly more branches with the high rate of Osmocote PlusR than the high rate of PolyonR. Osmocote PlusR topdressed trees resulted in the greaest number of branches. Method of application had no efect on the number of branches for the PolyonR treated trees. How fertilizer was applied had a significant effect on trees treated with the high rate of fertilization. Topdressed, highly fertilized trees resulted in more branching. At the medium fertilizer rate there were no significant differences observed. A high rate of Osmocote PlusR resulted in greater caliper than those treated with the high or medium rate of PolyonR or the control. Incorporating the fertilizer significantly increased the caliper for the PolyonR treated trees compared to caliper from topdresing and the result was just the opposite for the Osmocote PlusR treated trees.

(from "Effect of Fertilizer Brand, Rate, Application Technique, and June Reapplication on Growth of Amelanchier x 'Autumn Brilliance' by Amy Fulcher, Winston Dunwell, Dwight Wolfe, Robert McNiel, University of Kentucky, Department of Horticulture).


The objective of this research was to determine the effects of fertilizing at two rates (the labeled medium rate of 100 grams and the double medium rate of 200 grams) of a Harrell’s Inc. 5-6 month release fertilizer on Acer campestre, Acer x freemanii Autumn BlazeR, Betula Renaissance ReflectionTM, Malus ‘Spring Snow’, Prunus ‘Mt. St. Helens’, Quercus muhlenbergii, and Zelkova serrata. Good leaf color and new growth are important aspects of plant quality according to retail consumers so determining which rates of fertilizer would best impact these traits would benefit growers.

There was an interaction between plant and fertilizer on chlorophyll levels but no difference from fertilizer rate on caliper development. Autumn Blaze, Renaissane Reflection and Zelkova serrata were significantly taller when the double fertilizer rate was used. All trees fertilized at the double rate averaged significantly more leaf area than those fertilized at the single rate.

(from "Effect of Fertilizer Rate on Growth of Seven Tree Species in Pot-in-Pot Production" by Amy Fulcher, Winston Dunwell, Robert McNiel, Dwight Wolfe, and Lloyd Murdock from the University of Kentucky, Department of Horticulture.)


Jackie Mullen
Extension Plant Pathology Specialist

Jim Jacobi
Extension Plant Pathology Specialist-Birmingham

Charles Ray
Research Fellow IV-Auburn

Auburn Plant Disease Report - June 2004
(Jackie Mullen)
June was a very busy month as is usual for June. We received 193 plant samples in June with many of our usual summer diseases being submitted. Pythium root decay on a variety of plants and Cercospora leaf spot diseases were commonly seen problems. Bacterial leaf spots were also more numerous than usual.

JUNE 2004 Plant Diseases Seen In The Auburn Plant Diagnostic Lab
AzaleaPythium Crown & Root Rot*, Tuscaloosa
BentgrassBrown Patch (Rhizoctonia solani)Limestone
BermudaBipolaris Leaf SpotLimestone
BermudaDollar Spot
(Sclerotinia homeocarpa)
BermudaExserohilum Crown RotJefferson
CamelliaAnthracnose (Colletotrichum sp.) *
CentipedeBrown Patch (Rhizoctonia solani)Autauga, Elmore, Fayette, Jefferson
CentipedeTake-All Patch
(Gaeumannomyces graminis var. graminis)
Jefferson, Montgomery, Calhoun, Covington
CypressPhytophthora Crown/Root Rot *
DelphiniumBacterial Stalk Rot (Pectobacterium
{formerly Erwinia}
FernBotrytis Blight *
FernFusarium Frond Blight *
FernPythium Root Decay *
FigCorticium salmonicolor BlightHouston, Pike
Grass, OrnamentalBipolaris Leaf Spot *
HawthornCedar Hawthorne Rust
(Gymnosporangium globosum)
HydrangeaCercospora Leaf SpotTalladega
HydrangeaPhytophthora Crown RotElmore
HydrangeaPythium Root RotElmore
Indian HawthornBacterial Leaf SpotMontgomery
Indian HawthornEntomosporium Leaf SpotTalladega
IvyAnthracnose (Colletotrichum sp.)Elmore
JuniperPythium Root RotBarbour, Lee
LaurelBacterial Leaf SpotLimestone
LilacPowdery mildewFranklin
LiriopeRhizoctonia Crown RotLee
Magnolia, SouthernAlgal Leaf Spot (Cephaleuros sp.)Choctaw
Maiden GrassHelminthosporium Leaf Spot *
Maple, RedTar Spot (Rhytisma sp.)Lee
MarigoldBacterial Wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum)Tallapoosa
NandinaPythium Root & Crown Rot *
NandinaRhizoctonia Root Rot *
Oak, WillowCercospora Leaf SpotFranklin
Pear, BradfordFireblight (Erwinia amylovora)Russell
PearFireblight (Erwinia amylovora)Montgomery, Talladega
PhotiniaBacterial Leaf Spot *
RudbeckiaBacterial Leaf Spot
(Pseudomonas syringae-syringae)
St. AugustineGray Leaf Spot (Piricularia sp.)Elmore
St. AugustineTake-All Patch (Gaeumannomyces
var. graminis)
Calhoun, Covington, Mobile
SunflowerBacterial Leaf Spots (Xanthomonas axonopodis-zinnae)*
TaxusSooty MoldTallapoosa
ZinniaBacterial Leaf Spot (Xanthomonas axonopodis-zinnae)*
ZoysiaBrown Patch (Rhizoctonia)Shelby
ZoysiaSlime MoldMontgomery
ZoysiaRust (Puccinia zoysia)Shelby
*Counties are not reported for greenhouse and nursery samples.

Birmingham Plant Disease Report - June 2004
(J. Jacobi)
We received 143 samples during June/ Spider mites on evergreen continued to be common problems. Other diseases included Dutch elm disease on winged elm, web blight on vinca and Boston fern, and Rhizoctonia stem rot on impatiens.

JUNE 2004 Plant Diseases Seen In The Birmingham Plant Diagnostic Lab
AmaranthusPigweed Flea Beetle (Disonycha)Jefferson
ArborvitaeSpruce Spider MitesChilton, Jefferson
AucubaPhytophthora Root RotJefferson
AzaleaPhomopsis DiebackChilton
BentgrassAnthracnose (Colletotrichum) *
BentgrassPythium Root Rot *
BermudagrassDollar Spot (Sclerotinia)Jefferson(2)
BermudagrassSlime Mold (Physarum)Jefferson
Boxwood, AmericanBoxwood Leaf MinerJefferson
Boxwood, AmericanMacrophoma Leaf SpotJefferson
Boxwood, AmericanPythium Root RotJefferson
Boxwood, AmericanVolutella BlightJefferson
CleyeraCottony Cushion ScaleJefferson
CatalpaCatalpa WormJefferson
ColeusMealy BugsJefferson
Cypress, LeylandCercosporidium BlightJefferson
Cypress, LeylandSeridium CankerJefferson
Elm, WingedDutch Elm Disease (Ophiostoma)Shelby
Fern, AutumnRhizoctonia Root RotLauderdale
Fern, BostonWeb Blight (Rhizoctonia)Jefferson
GauraFlea BeetleJefferson
HemlockSpruce Spider MiteJefferson
Holly, JapaneseTwo-lined SpittlebugJefferson
ImpatiensRhizoctonia Stem RotJefferson(2)
JadeOdema (Environmental)Jefferson
JuniperPhytophthora Root RotJefferson
LemonCitrus WhiteflyJefferson
Lenten RoseHigh Soluble Salts *
Lenten RosePythium Root Rot *
Magnolia, SouthernPhyllosticta Leaf SpotJefferson
Oak, RedOak Leaf SkeletonizerJefferson
Oak, RedSpider MitesJefferson
Oak, WhiteOak Leaf Blister (Taphrina)Shelby
OxalisRust (Puccinia)Jefferson
Palm, SagoLong-tailed Mealy BugBaldwin
PeonyBud Blast (Environmental)Jefferson
PhloxPythium Root RotJefferson
St. AugustineGrey Leaf Spot (Pyricularia)Jefferson
VincaWeb Blight (Rhizoctonia)Jefferson
ZoysiaZoysia MiteJefferson
*Counties are not reported for greenhouse and nursery samples.

MAY 2004 Insects Identified at the Auburn Plant Diagnostic Lab (C. Ray)
Mobile Home Structural Formosan Subterranean Termite
Jefferson Oak Ornamental Putnam Scale
Jefferson Home Household-Misc Ants
Bibb Home Structural Eastern Subterranean Termites
Houston Human Medical No pest detected
Geneva Lawn Turf Cicada Killer
Cullman Yard Turf Nymphal negro bugs
Russell Human Medical Lone Star Ticks (nymphs)
Blount Cucumbers Vegetable Spider Mites
Limestone Potted Plants Ornamental Brown Soft Scales
Jefferson Home Structural Carpenter Ant
Tallapoosa Blueberries Small Fruits Fruitworms (Cherry and Cranberry)
Baldwin Home Household-Misc. Scud
Cullman Home Miscellaneous House fly mite
Talladega Home Miscellaneous Burrowing Bugs
Madison Day Lily Ornamental Aphids
Marion Home Household-Misc. Collembola
Montgomery Okra Vegetable Caterpillar damage
Talladega Elephant Ear Ornamental Mammal damage?
Talladega Japanese Red Maple Ornamental Leaf Skeletonizer
Talladega Cherry Ornamental Leaf Skeletonizer
Talladega Gardenia Ornamental None - suspect caterpillar
Talladega Dwarf Gardenia Ornamental Citrus Whitefly and Cyclamen Mites
Etowah Poultry Stored Grain Yellow Mealworm
Walker . Miscellaneous Giant Resin Bee
Walker . Miscellaneous Giant Resin Bee
Walker . Miscellaneous Bee Fly
Lee . Miscellaneous Giant Resin Bee
Montgomery Ornamentals Ornamental Glassy-winged Sharpshooter
Marengo Ornamental Ornamental Whitefly adults
Butler Pine Ornamental Honey Bee
Henry Home Stored Product Maize Weevil
Montgomery Rosemary Row Crop Pyralid caterpillar
Lee Home Medical Baldfaced Hornet
Tallapoosa Taxus Ornamental European Fruit Lecanium
Montgomery Shamrock Ornamental Slugs
Montgomery Rose Ornamental Mites
Tallapoosa Watermelon Row Crops Spider Mites
Coosa Home Medical Lone Star Tick larvae
Montgomery Rosemary Ornamental Snout Moth larva
Lamar . . Japanese Beetle
County Crop Category Specimen Name
Mobile Human Medical no arthropods detected
Montgomery Lawn Turf Chinch Bug
Limestone Home Stored Product Book lice
Lee Red Maple Ornamental Mites
Russell Sycamore Ornamental Sycamore Tussock Moth and a leaf roller
? - Photo . Miscellaneous Land Planarian
Elmore - Photo House . Bald-Faced Hornet?
Franklin Oak Ornamental European Fruit Lecanium
Jefferson Home Miscellaneous wolf spider? damaged
Crenshaw Hibiscus Ornamental Glassywinged Sharpshooter


August 17-18, 2004:
Risk Management Education Seminar
Robert Trent Jones Grand National Golf Course Conference Center
Opelika, AL.
For more information contact Linda VanDyke at 334-821-5148 or alna51@bellsouth.net

August 26-28, 2004:
The Farwest Show. Portland, Oregon, Oregon Convention Center.
Contact Aimee Schendel, Oregon Association of Nurserymen, 29751 SW Town Center Loop West, Wilsonville, OR 97070; 800-342-6401; 503-682-5089 x 2006; Fax, 503-682-5099; e-mail, info@farwestshow.com;

October 1-2, 2004:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticultural Trade Show.
McMinnville Civic Center, McMinnville, TN
Contact Ann Halcomb, MTNA Exec. Secr., P.O. Box 822, McMinnville, TN 37111-0822; phone: 931-668-7322; fax: 931-668-9601; e-mail: mtna@blomand.net,
http://www.mtna.com/ or http://www.southeasternnursery.com/mtna/

October 3-6, 2004:
IPPS Southern Region NA
Greenville/Spartanburg, S.C.
Contact: Dr. David L. Morgan, 332 Warbler Drive, Bedford, TX 76021; phone 817-577-9272; e-mail, dleemorgan@msn.com

November 4-5, 2004:
Auburn University Fall Landscape School.
Auburn University. More information will be posted on our site when available. Contact Dr. Dave Williams (334-844-3032 or jdwillia@acesag.auburn.edu)

August 25-27, 2005:
The Farwest Show.
Portland, Oregon, Oregon Convention Center.
Contact Aimee Schendel, Oregon Association of Nurserymen, 29751 SW Town Center Loop West, Wilsonville, OR 97070; 800-342-6401; 503-682-5089 x 2006; Fax, 503-682-5099; e-mail, info@farwestshow.com
URL: http://www.farwestshow.com

September TBA, 2005:
The Southern Plant Conference.
Louisville, Kentucky.
Contact: Matt Gardiner, KY Coordinator, 502-245-0238: e-mail, matthew624@aol.com; or Betsie Taylor, KNLA Exec. Dir., 350 Village Drive, Frankfort, KY 40601; 502-848-0055 or 800-735-9791, Fax 502-848-0032 e-mail knla@mis.net
URL: http://www.knla.org
or Danny Summers at SNA, 770-953-3311; Fax 770-953-4411; SNA Infoline, 770-953-4636; e-mail, danny@mail.sna.org;
URL: http://www.sna.org

September 30 - October 1, 2005:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticultural Trade Show.
McMinnville Civic Center, McMinnville, TN
For more information contact Ann Halcomb by: phone: 931-668-7322; fax: 931-668-9601; e-mail: mtna@blomand.net,
http://www.mtna.com/ or http://www.southeasternnursery.com/mtna/

August 24-26, 2006:
The Farwest Show.
Portland, Oregon, Oregon Convention Center.
Contact Aimee Schendel, Oregon Association of Nurserymen, 29751 SW Town Center Loop West, Wilsonville, OR 97070; 800-342-6401; 503-682-5089 x 2006; Fax, 503-682-5099; e-mail, info@farwestshow.com
URL: http://www.farwestshow.com

October 6-7, 2006:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticultural Trade Show.
McMinnville Civic Center, McMinnville, TN
For more information contact Ann Halcomb by: phone: 931-668-7322; fax: 931-668-9601; e-mail: mtna@blomand.net,
http://www.mtna.com/ or http://www.southeasternnursery.com/mtna/

August 23-25, 2007:
The Farwest Show.
Portland, Oregon, Oregon Convention Center.
Contact Aimee Schendel, Oregon Association of Nurserymen, 29751 SW Town Center Loop West, Wilsonville, OR 97070; 800-342-6401, 503-682-5089 x 2006; Fax, 503.682.5099; e-mail, info@farwestshow.com
URL: http://www.farwestshow.com

October 5-6, 2007:
Middle Tennessee Nursery Association Horticultural Trade Show.
McMinnville Civic Center, McMinnville, TN
For more information contact Ann Halcomb by: phone: 931-668-7322; fax: 931-668-9601; e-mail: mtna@blomand.net,
http://www.mtna.com/ or http://www.southeasternnursery.com/mtna/

Send horticultural questions and comments to ktilt@acesag.auburn.edu.

Send questions and comments to fischbr@auburn.edu.

Letters to Bernice Fischman - 101 Funchess Hall - Auburn University, AL 36849.