Minutes 2006

Minutes 2005

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Minutes 2003

Minutes 2002

Minutes 2001

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Minutes 1996

Minutes 1995

JUNE 14-17, 2006
Thad Cochran Southern Horticultural Lab
Poplarville, MS

ADVISORS: Dewayne Ingram (University of Kentucky, Research) OFFICIAL REPRESENTATIVES (Signing the sheet): Gary Knox (Extension, UF), Winston Dunwell (Extension, UK), Ed Bush (Research, LSU), Allen Owings (Extension, LSU), Patricia Knight (Research, MSU), William Klingeman (Research, UT), Cecil Pounders (USDA-ARS), Michele Scheiber (Research, UF), Dewayne Ingram (Administrative Advisor, UK), and Jerzy Nowak (Administrative Advisor, VT).

GUESTS: Wayne McLaurin (MSU), Christine Coker (MSU).

STATES NOT REPRESENTED: Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas, US National Arboretum

Patricia Knight and Cecil Pounders welcomed everyone to the meeting and provided a brief overview of MSU and the Thad Cochran Southern Horticultural Lab. Dewayne Ingram circulated a membership and mailing list and asked everyone to make any necessary corrections.

Program reports were heard from VT, UF, LSU, MSU, UT, and UK. No reports were submitted from Auburn, Arkansas, UGA, NCSU, TAMU, Oklahoma State , Clemson, or USDA-ARS.

Election of Officers:
Michele Scheiber was elevated to Chair. Allen Owing volunteered as Secretary. Michele Scheiber seconded. Motion passed. Jim Robbins was nominated for Executive committee by Win Dunwell. Allen Owings seconded. Motion passed.

Old Business:
2005 minutes were approved following a motion by Win Dunwell to wave the reading of the minutes. Bill Klingeman seconded the motion. Motion passed.

New Business:
Plant evaluations – There were no new plants submitted for evaluation.

Future Meetings - Win Dunwell presented a preview of next year’s meeting in Lexington, KY and future meeting sites were discussed.

New Project Proposal - Dewayne Ingram and Patricia Knight discussed the new project proposal – continuation of SERA-IEG 27.

  • Dewayne provided the administrative prospective in regards to expectations, impacts, and improvements. Gary Knox motioned to continued, Bill Klingeman seconded the motion, and the motion passed.
  • Previous accomplishments were reviewed and included 43 taxa distributions and an SNA publication and poster.
  • The procedural plan was revised in regards to data collection and report dissemination. Coordination of data collection was shifted from evaluator to distributor and the Chair of the evaluation committee will coordinate data reporting.
  • The external linkage list was corrected to add new ARS reps. The meeting began Thursday morning with tours of Rocky Creek Nursery and Green Forest Nursery. The business meeting began at 12:00 at the Thad Cochran Southern Horticultural Lab and adjourned at 3:00 p.m. A tour of the ARS Southern Horticulture Lab was provided during the afternoon. Tours of the AU Ornamental Field Station, Kinney Nursery, Martin’s Nursery, Van Der Giessen Nursery, and Dodd and Dodd Nursery continued on Friday.

    As a group, we would like to thank Patricia Knight and Cecil Pounders and their colleagues for hosting us. Thanks to all involved with the meeting arrangements!

    Respectfully submitted,
    Michele Scheiber, Secretary

    JUNE 8-10, 2005
    North Florida Research and Education Center
    Quincy, Florida

    ADVISORS: Dewayne Ingram (University of Kentucky, Research)

    OFFICIAL REPRESENTATIVES (Signing the sheet): John Ruter (Research, UGA), Ken Tilt (Research/Extension, AU), Jon Lindstrom (Research, UA), Gary Knox (Extension, UF), Winston Dunwell (Extension, UK), Ed Bush (Extension, LSU), Allen Owings (Research, LSU), Patricia Knight (Research, MSU), William Klingeman (Research, UT), Mike Arnold (Research, TAMU), Greg Eaton (Research, VT), Anthony LeBude (Extension, NCSU), Dewayne Ingram (Administrative Advisor, UK), and James Green (CSREES).

    GUESTS: Cecil Pounders (USDA-ARS), Wayne McLaurin (MSU), Alex Bolques (FAMU).

    STATES NOT REPRESENTED: Oklahoma, South Carolina, US National Arboretum

    The meeting began with a brief tour of the North Florida Research and Education Center. Ed Bush welcomed everyone to this year’s meeting and commended Gary for the wonderful location and accommodations. He also commended Ken Tilt and Bernice Fischman for their great work on the website. Dewayne Ingram circulated a membership and mailing list and asked everyone to make any necessary corrections.

    James Green attended the meeting as a CSREES representative. He provided an update on the National funding picture. He encouraged the submission of grants to USDA RFPs due to a decline in submissions. He also encouraged the resubmission of declined grants because the acceptance rate dramatically increases in subsequent years. He volunteered to review draft grant proposals that this group might choose to submit. Community resource develop is a priority area. He also encouraged Master Gardener groups to apply for grants. Federal funding is based on issues and not commodities.

    Dewayne Ingram (Administrative Advisor) stated that our group is approved through 2007. We do need to make a decision about continuing next year. Regional projects have changed nomenclature so that all regions are uniform. We are now a SERA instead of a SERA-IEG.

    Program reports were heard from AU, UGA, VT, UF, LSU, MSU, UT, UA, TAMU, NCSU, UK, and USDA-ARS. No reports were submitted from Oklahoma State or Clemson.

    Election of Officers:
    Greg Eaton was nominated by several people for Executive committee. Mike Arnold seconded the motion. Motion passed. Everyone else moves up a position: Patricia Knight-Chair; Mike Scheiber-Secretary.

    Old Business:
    Plant Evaluation Committee-Ken Tilt has pulled all the evaluation entries from the website. Project leaders need to review and indicate who received plants and make changes if necessary. Good pictures are needed for the website. Descriptions of the plants are also needed. Evaluators need to indicate if they have plants and are continuing evaluation.

    Win has several concluding reports.

    New Business:
    Ed and Ken feel that an annual SNA publication would be a good way for us to publish our concluding reports. Ken agreed to head this effort. This will most likely be in poster format. The poster could also be displayed at IPPS meetings.

    The consensus is that our trials should be replicated. This makes the data more meaningful and publishable. This could also help in obtaining grants. Invasive plants were discussed as a possible grant opportunity. Jim Green mentioned that a lot of horticulture research in this area is funded through the Department of Defense.

    There was discussion about preparing a downloadable PowerPoint presentation for the website. This could be used for publicity. Ken/Bernice agreed to put this together as information comes from the group?

    Dewayne mentioned that we need to decide on objectives for the new project. We should have a draft ready for the group at the next meeting. Dewayne and the officers will work on this.

    The participants enjoyed a wonderful lunch hosted by Hackney Nursery, Inc. followed by a tour of Hackney Nursery. We proceeded to Wight Nurseries where we were given a tour and enjoyed an excellent dinner before returning to Tallahassee.

    Friday began with a tour of Tallahassee Nurseries, an outstanding garden center. We began discussing new business at 10:00 a.m. at the North Florida Research and Education Center.

    New Plants with Potential:
    Allen Owings:
    Suggested we should bring a list of state program plants from our respective states.

    Greg Eaton: Win Dunwell: Ed Bush:
    LSU has done some work with DNA fingerprinting on liriope. There is a problem with labeling on many plants.

    Plants for Possible Evaluation:
    Jon Lindstrom:

    Allen moved to accept Ceanothus x delilianus ‘Gloire de Versailles’ as a trial plant. Win seconded. Motion carried. B. daviddi 03-05-045 was approved last year.

    Participants requesting B. daviddi 03-05-045:

    Participants requesting Ceanothus x delilianus ‘Gloire de Versailles’: Ken Tilt:
    Pinus ayacahuite, Mexican White Pine
    Jon moved to accept. Bill seconded. Motion carried.
    Participants requesting Pinus ayacahuite: Gary Knox:
    Viburnum luzonicum
    Participants requesting Viburnum luzonicum: Approved last year. Plants are available. Also, unofficially, Magnolia ‘ Yellow Lantern’, martinii, and Crossandra ‘Orange Marmalade’.

    Future Meeting Sites:
    2006 Poplarville, MS
    2007 Kentucky
    2008 Blacksburg, VA-tentatively

    As a group, we would like to thank Gary Knox and his colleagues for hosting us in Tallahassee. The meeting adjourned at 10:50 a.m. A tour was provided to Clinton Nurseries and May Nursery during the afternoon. Thanks to all involved with the meeting arrangements!

    Respectfully submitted,
    Patricia Knight, Secretary

    JUNE 2-4, 2004
    Mountain Horticultural Crops Research and Extension Center Fletcher, NC

    ADVISORS: Dewayne Ingram (University of Kentucky, Research) and Jerzy Nowak (VPI, Extension)

    OFFICIAL REPRESENTATIVES (Signing the Sheet): Tom Ranney (NC) Allen Owings & Ed Bush (LSU), Michele Scheiber (UF), Bill Klingeman & Stephen Garton (UT), Donna Fare & Cecil Pounders (U.S.D.A.), Patricia Knight (MSU), Ken Tilt (Auburn), Win Dunwell (UK), Jon Lindstrom (UA), Greg Eaton (VT), John Ruter (UGA).and & Dwayne Ingram (Administrative Advisor) Guests: Ann Gray (LSU)

    STATES NOT REPRESENTED: Texas, Oklahoma, South Carolina

    Welcome from Tom Ranney. Dwayne Ingram (Administrative Advisor) reported that our SERA Group was approved through 2007. Reports were heard from Auburn, LSU, UGA, UF, UK, MSU, UT, USDA, and VT. No reports were submitted from Clemson, Oklahoma, or Texas A&M.

    Election of officers:
    Michele Scheiber (UF) was nominated for the executive committee by Patricia Knight. Seconded by Tom Ranney. Motion passed. Everyone else moves up a position: Ed Bush - Chair; Patricia Knight – Secretary.

    Old Business:
    Plant Evaluation Report by Win Dunwell. It was requested that Jon Lindstrom’s paper at SNA be considered a form of communication for the SERA new plant evaluations. The group agreed that this will provide important information for some of the plant material. Also, spreadsheets are supposed to be sent to evaluators by those individuals submitting plant material. Donna Fare suggested a uniform spreadsheet for the evaluation. Jon Lindstrom suggested the following information be provided:

    Also, a closure sheet is needed for purposes of publication on each plant. Jon Lindstrom stated he would send spreadsheets to members for review.

    Donna Fare reported only receiving 2 spreadsheets. Tom Ranney stated that he needs an overall assessment within his own state. We also need pictures of the plants we are evaluating. Robbins suggested adding CJ (Can’t Judge) to the evaluation sheet. Jon Lindstrom included all plants from 2000 and before with conclusions. It was suggested that we have final reports on 1 sheet in SNA format for each plant. Tom Ranney asked plant sponsors to re-send the forms to the evaluators as the plant evaluators are responsible for their own information. Sponsors need to send reminders through Dewayne for evaluations. We need to send Ken Tilt JPEG photos of plant material to update the site, data, concluding reports, etc.

    New business:
    SNA paper for publication in 2004. Please review and send any corrections ASAP! Jon Lindstrom should put his name first.

    Plants reviewed with slides or presentation:
    Jon Lindstrom:

    Tom Ranney: Greg Eaton:
    Gary Knox (possible plants for 04, 05 evaluations – not official):
    (People in the South need to contact Gary Knox directly for the plants.)

    A motion passed to accept new plant material into the evaluation program. * New plants above accepted for evaluation except Gordonia.

    Future Meeting Sites:

    2005 Quincy, FL
    2006 Southern Horticulture Lab in Poplarville, MS
    2007 Kentucky

    As a group we would like to thank Tom Ranney and colleagues for hosting us in Fletcher. Patricia Knight made a motion to close the meeting and Allen Owings seconded it. The motion passed. A tour was provided of research plots at the Mountain Horticultural Crops Research Station, North Carolina Arboretum, Biltmore Nursery, Highland Creek Nursery, Botanical Gardens, and Richmond Hill Inn. Thanks to all involved with the meeting arrangements!

    Respectfully submitted,
    Ed Bush, Secretary

    JUNE 4-6, 2003
    Baton Rouge, Louisiana

    ADVISORS: Dewayne Ingram (University of Kentucky, Research) and Jerzy Nowak (VPI, Extension)

    OFFICIAL REPRESENTATIVES: Allen Owings (LSU), Ed Bush (LSU), Gary Knox (Univ. of Florida), Michelle Scheiber (Univ. of Florida), Bill Bauerle (Clemson), Bill Klingeman (Univ. of Tennessee), Mike Arnold (Texas A&M Univ.), Donna Fare (U.S. National Arboretum, McMinnville), Patricia Knight (Mississippi State Univ.), Ken Tilt (Auburn), Win Dunwell (Univ. of Kentucky), Jon T. Lindstrom (Univ. of Arkansas)

    OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Regina Bracy (LSU), Dick Parish (LSU), Chris Cheatham (USDA-ARS, Poplarville, MS), Cecil Pounders (Mississippi State Univ.)


    Wednesday began with a dinner at Ralph and Kacoo’s Seafood in Baton Rouge. The dinner was courtesy of the Louisiana Nursery and Landscape Association. The Chair, Bill Klingeman (University of Tennessee) called the official business meeting to order at 8:10 AM, Thursday, June 5th. Members and guests were introduced and a registration fee of $15.00 for the meeting was collected. The 2002 minutes were approved on a motion by Arnold and a second by Fare.

    The Chair asked for the following:

    1. Program reviews from each university
    2. Election of officers
    3. Old Business
    4. New Business
    5. New plants for evaluation
    6. Future meeting sites
    Program Reviews:
    Reports were heard from the following institutions: Texas A&M University (Arnold), United State Department of Agriculture National Arboretum (Fare), Mississippi State University (Knight), Auburn (Tilt), Virginia Tech (Nowak), University of Kentucky (Dunwell), University of Arkansas (Lindstrom), Louisiana State University (Owings), University of Florida (Knox), Clemson (Bauerle), University of Tennessee (Klingeman). There were no reports given from the states of North Carolina, Oklahoma and Georgia.

    Election of Officers:
    The Chair asked for nominations for a new member of the Executive Committee. Patricia Knight (Mississippi State University) was nominated and then elected by affirmation. By approved procedures, the Secretary of the previous year becomes the Chair the following year and the Executive Committee Member becomes the Secretary. The officers affirmed for 2003-2004 were Jon T. Lindstrom, University of Arkansas, Chair; Ed Bush, LSU, Secretary; Patricia Knight, Mississippi State University, member of Executive Committee.

    Old Business:
    The Chair began a discussion of old business with comments on the web site. (http://www.ag.auburn.edu/landscape/SERAhomepage.html) This is a wonderful resource for the group and a great way for our group to publicize our efforts. Bernice Fischman has done an excellent job keeping things up and running.

    Additional images of plants under evaluation need to be sent to Ken Tilt so they can be included on the site. Discussion also followed on the use of a program that would allow cooperators to insert photographs onto the site from their remote location.

    As has been mentioned at previous meetings, there continues to be problems with data collection and entry. Bernice Fischman will e-mail participants their 4-digit code to allow entry into the site. Several cooperators suggested the use of an Excel spreadsheet, sent to each evaluator, as a means to acquire data in a propitious fashion. It was suggested that data not be entered on the web site but sent directly to the cooperator. However, the value of archived data on the web site (if a cooperator should leave the program), is not to be overlooked. The question of format for this spreadsheet was also discussed. A blank sheet will be sent to cooperators and they will indicate on the sheet which data should be collected on their plants.

    Several other housekeeping aspects of the site were mentioned including a PDF file for the HortTechnology article (Dunwell, W.C., Fare, D., Arnold, M., Tilt, K., Knox, G., Witte, W., Knight, P., Pooler, M., Klingeman, W., Niemiera, A., Ruter, J., Yeager, T., Ranney, T., Beeson, R., Lindstrom, J., Bush, E., Owings, A., and Schnelle, M. 2001. Plant Evaluation Program: SERA/IEG-27: Nursery Crops and Landscape Systems HortTechnology 11(3) 373-375.). Broken links on the site were noted as were the legal requirements for the use on the web site of photographs with people.

    Win Dunwell gave the report for the Plant Evaluation Committee. He received four concluding reports and passed out a summary. Reports were obtained for:

    Cephalotaxus harringtonia (Witte/Klingeman), Lagerstroemia ‘Pocomoke’ and ‘Chickasaw’ (Pooler), Stachys coccinea (Lindstrom) and Hemerocallis and Iris (Dunwell). Participants discussed the format for the concluding reports. Concluding reports should be in Southern Nursery Association Research Conference Proceedings format. This type of report includes Nature of Work, Results and Discussion, and Significance to Industry. Examples are available at the SNA web site (http://www.sna.org). Final reports submitted to the Plant Evaluation Committee are requested to be resubmitted in SNA format. Information contained within concluding reports will be used to prepare a poster for presentation at the SNA annual meeting. It might also be suitable for publication in either a research publication (for example, HortTechnology) or popular press (American Nurseryman).

    Win Dunwell asked about using SERA-IEG plant information in publications from other states (i.e. extension reports). Representatives felt this was allowable with one exception. The distributor of a plant may request that the plant not be used in other publications.

    Discussion on negative information followed. The question was raised if participants would be comfortable with the publication of negative information on plants under evaluation. Participants felt that negative information was also valuable and should be disseminated if necessary.

    Several plants previously distributed have had alternative uses in the landscape (Bulbine was given as an example). Members were wondering how to handle this information. Most felt that this information should be included in reports.

    Missing concluding reports were discussed, the 2002 minutes mentioned reports for Cornus mas NC96-01, Acer oliverianum subsp. formosanum GA97-01, Styrax japonica ‘Emerald Pagoda’ NC98-01, Conradina canescens FL98-01, Plumbago auriculata ‘Hullabaloo’ TX99-01, Turnera ulmifolia TX99-02, Ipomoea carnea ssp. fistulosa TX99-04, Illicium mexicanum ‘Aztec Fire’ NC99-01, Bulbine caulescens TX00-01

    Ken Tilt (Auburn) was elected to serve as the next chairman of the Plant Evaluation Committee His term starts at the conclusion of the 2004 meeting.

    It is important that members of SERA-IEG bring their plant data to the meetings and that members of SERA-IEG hold each other accountable if the data is missing.

    New Business:
    There was no new business to report.

    New Plants for Evaluation:
    Mike Arnold asked about receiving plants distributed in previous years. This is important for those who miss the meeting. Members interested in plants distributed in the past year should contact the distributor to see if material is still available.

    Jon T. Lindstrom prepared and distributed information sheets on two plants:

    Amsonia hybrid ‘SPH’ AR03-01 and Buddleja 02-25-142 (B. madagascarensis ´ B. crispa) AR04-01. Amsonia plants were distributed at this meeting and the Buddleja plants will be sent next year. Members unable to attend the meeting should contact Jon (tranell@uark.edu) if they are interested in testing these plants.

    Donna Fare queried the group on their interest in the flowering phenology of the remontant Hydrangea soon to be distributed throughout the United States. Mike Arnold queried the group on their interest in a series of cold-hardy Oleander hybrids from Texas.

    Future Meeting Sites:
    The 2004 meeting is tentatively scheduled for Fletcher, NC in the first week of June. Bill Klingeman will confirm with Tom Ranney on the site and dates. Alternative sites for this meeting, if Tom is not able to accommodate the group, include Kentucky and Florida. Gary Knox offered to host the 2005 meeting in Quincy, FL.

    With no other business to attend to by the group, the business meeting was adjourned at 11:50 AM, June 6, 2003.

    Afternoon activities included tours in Amite, LA. The first nursery visited was Bracy’s Nursery, a container operation featuring a wide variety of well-grown nursery stock. The second stop was Jenkins Farm and Nursery, L.L.C. Margie Jenkins guided us through the nursery featuring many container-grown native plants and other unusual species. One plant that attracted attention was Viburnum luzonicum; this plant may be a subject for a future SERA-IEG evaluation. Dinner Thursday night was in Independence, LA at the Caboose Restaurant.

    Friday morning activities included a stop at the Rural Life museum in the LSU Burden Center as well as a visit to a local garden center.

    Many thanks to Allen Owings and Ed Bush for hosting this year’s meeting.

    Submitted by:
    Jon T. Lindstrom
    Secretary, SERA IEG 27
    Department of Horticulture
    University of Arkansas

    JUNE 5-7, 2002
    McMinnville, Tennessee

    ADVISORS: Dewayne Ingram (University of Kentucky) and Jerzy Nowak (VPI--not present). Jerzy Nowak will replace David Foster as Extension Advisor.

    OFFICIAL REPRESENTATIVES: Tom Ranney (NCSU), Ed Bush (LSU), Allen Owings (LSU), Win Dunwell (UK), Gary Knox (UF), Mike Scheiber (UF), Jon Lindstrom (U. Ark.), Jim Robbins (U. Ark.), Bill Klingeman (UT), Stephen Garton (UT), Greg Eaton (Va. Tech.), John Ruter (UGA), Donna Fare (U.S. National Arboretum--McMinnville), and Margaret Pooler (U.S. National Arboretum--Beltsville).

    OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Amy Fulcher (UK), Scott Renfro (U. Ark grad student), and Ken Tilt (not present -- report submitted by email.).

    States Not Represented: SC (Bill Klingeman will contact Bill Bauerle with a formal invitation to participate), MS, OK, TX, AL.

    Wednesday began with nursery production tours at Stoner Nursery: Glen, Chris, and Allen Stoner (931) 934-2169; Botanico Inc.: Terry Mitchell (931) 934-2868; and Swan Hill Nursery: Dale Bennett (931) 473-8760. A trip to Shadow Nursery: Jennifer Shadow (931) 637-6059 was made on Thursday. Mr. Mark Halcomb, Area Extension Specialist, volunteered his time and expertise to lead the production tours.

    The Chair, Gary Knox (UF), called the business meeting to order at 6pm.

    Minutes from last year were briefly reviewed and accepted by affirmation, pending grammatical corrections. Gary Knox then called for:

    1. Program Reviews from each University
    2. Elections of Officers
    3. Future Meeting Sites
    4. Old Business
    5. New Business
    6. New Plants for Evaluation

    Reviews of State University Programs

    University of Georgia: (John Ruter) Marc van Iersel is leaving the Griffin campus for the Athens campus, where he will assume greater teaching responsibility in the areas of Plant Nutrition and Plant Physiology. Hiring for all new positions has been frozen. The College of Agriculture had an 8.3% funding reduction during 2001 and anticipates a $5.5 million cut this year. Undergraduate enrollment is stable with (perhaps) a slight decrease.

    North Carolina State University: (Tom Ranney) As with Georgia, the NCSU is in a state of "budget flux". A reduction in staff may be pending. There have been 2 new hires: Pat Lindsey and Anne Stafford have been hired with 100% responsibility to teach Landscape Design. December 20 and 21 saw the dedication of the Education center at the J.C. Raulston Arboretum in Raleigh. A Field Day will be held September 26 at the Mountain Horticultural Crops Research and Extension Station in Fletcher, NC. Undergraduate and graduate student enrollment is holding steady.

    U.S. National Arboretum (Beltsville): (Margaret Pooler) Scott Warneke, formerly of Oregon, has been hired into a Turf Breeder/Geneticist position at Beltsville's National Arboretum site. His responsibilities will include sustainable grasses and selection of pest and disease resistant turves. This position will start in mid-August, pending U.S. Congressional funding. The position formerly held by Frank Santamour is indefinitely on hold.

    Virginia Tech University: (Greg Eaton) Greg reported for Blacksburg faculty. The new Provost want to position VA Tech to be a Top 30 Research Institute. Budgets are tight, with 7% recalled from last year's budget. In both FY2002 and FY2003, 8% additional cuts are anticipated. To date, internal transfers and retirements have resulted in the loss of 4 professorial and 60 county agent positions, although none are in Horticulture. The Department Head of Horticulture is confident that the Horticulture Department will survive. Faculty are now collaborating at interdepartmental and inter-institutional levels to an unprecedented extent. Undergraduate enrollment continues to decline in response to raised requirements for SAT scores. Enrollment 5-years-ago was 210 undergrads and has declined incrementally from 170, to 140, to the current 105 enrolled students. Currently, Virginia Tech supports 16 MS and 9 PhD students. Only 1 of the PhD students has experience with woody ornamentals.

    Louisiana State University: Dan Gill has transferred to a state office position to assume consumer horticultural leadership responsibilities. David Himelrick was appointed LSU Department Head of Horticulture in August 2001. A new turfgrass extension specialist position may be advertised in Fall 2002. County agent horticulture positions are vacant in Shreveport and New Orleans. LSU AgCenter efforts, statewide, are compromised of 24% ornamentals and turfgrass, and 76% fruit and vegetable programming. The Department of Horticulture hosts 50 undergraduate students. Three ornamental assistantships have been funded by the Burden Foundation with another supported by departmental funds. Stipends are $12,000 for MS assistantships and $14,500 for PhD assistantships. Tuition is not waived. A new 20-acre ornamental and turfgrass research and extension center is being developed with about $250,000 in funds from the LSU AgCenter and $60,000 from LNLA. Completion is pending a successful renewal of the sales tax. The first Field Day is scheduled for October 15, 2003.

    University of Kentucky: Win Dunwell reported that UK has a new University President. The UK Arboretum constructed a Visitor Center that accommodates offices and display/meeting space and restrooms. Amy Fulcher (present at the meeting) was hired as an Extension Associate in Nursery Crops this May. Her position, and that of Shane Vogel (Extension Associate in Fruits/Vegetables), were funded from the Tobacco Settlement monies. Dr. Joe Masabni begins an 85% Extension/ 15% Research appointment in Fruit/Vegetable production this July. Amy, Shane, and Joe can be contacted at the University of Kentucky Research and Education Center, P.O. Box 469, Princeton, KY 42445, Tel. (270) 365-7541. Dr. Larry Turner is UK's new Associate Dean of Extension. Bob McNiel and Win Dunwell have just returned from a tour of Washington and Oregon nurseries. The tour included 11 students and 4 faculty. Even more recently, the McNiel Traveling Twenty Tour spent time at horticultural sites of interest in Holland, Germany, Belgium, France and England. The "Dr. Robert McNiel Foundation" is being established to help fund future tours. Student numbers at UK have remained fairly consistent: Department of Horticulture students number 60 of a Plant and Soil Science degree program that totals 125 students. Many are non-traditional (over 25) and Donovan Scholars (65 yrs.+).

    University of Florida: (Gary Knox) IFAS anticipates an 8% budget cut during FY2003, which would follow a 15% cut last year. Hiring of [nearly] all positions has been frozen. A. Dudeck (turf) and R. Black (home horticulture) have, or will soon, retire. Mike Scheiber (present) has been hired at Apopka for horticultural teaching and research. Lisa Hall has been hired as the Statewide Academic Coordinator in Gainesville, FL. A teaching coordinator has been hired for the new teaching program at the Hillsborough County Community College in Plant City (near Tampa) with responsibility for undergraduate recruitment and to process applications at the BS level. A Teaching/Research faculty position is also being recruited to work in association with Hillsborough County Community College. Statewide, there are 22 graduate students and 76 undergraduates in the IFAS program. New teaching facilities have been completed at the Indian River Research and Education Center in Fort Pierce. The Fountain H. May, Sr. Building was dedicated and opened on April 4 at the UF North Florida Research and Education Center in Quincy (outside Tallahassee). The facility contains administrative and faculty offices, 12 laboratories, 2 conference rooms, and a computer training room, as well as a seminar room that can accommodate 150 people. At the facility (which opened December 2001) Extension and research efforts encompass vegetable and fruit crops, field crops, forages, and environmental horticulture. Supporting disciplines include Entomology, Plant Pathology, and Nematology.

    University of Arkansas: (Jon Lindstrom) There have been no new hires and no departures at the University of Arkansas. There are 11 MS and PhD students and about 100 undergraduate students. Jim Robbin's PhD student is working with birch species, Jon Lindstrom's MS student, Scott Renfro (present) is working with neo-tropical buddleias.

    University of Tennessee: (Bill Klingeman) With the merger of Plant and Soil Sciences (PSS) and Ornamental Horticulture and Landscape Design (OHLD) departments, which happened last June, the Plant Sciences and Landscape Systems Department now has about 37 faculty, numerous staff, and 15 MS and PhD students. Neil Rhodes is serving as interim Department Head. Dr. Bob Trigiano has joined the Entomology and Plant Pathology Department. C.A. Speer, the Dean of Research and Teaching, has resigned to accept an Endowed Chair position as the B. Ray Thompson Professor of Molecular and Cellular Immunology. New Hires include Neil Stewart (Racheff Chair of Excellence in Plant Molecular Genetics), Max Cheng (Tree Physiology and Floricultural Breeding), John Sorochan (Turf research and teaching). Other positions are on hold, pending budgetary constraints. The construction of the Plant Biotechnology building and Bridge to main campus are well underway. The UT Trial Gardens has undergone partial restoration and 10 to 12 mature elm and oak trees have been removed.

    Alabama (Auburn University): (Ken Tilt, submitted by email) I have received my plant of 'Jon Jon'. Regarding data submission and retrieval on the SERA-IEG WebSite, Bernice has had only one request for data and no one has submitted data this year. "To enter [or view] data: go to [http://www.ag.auburn.edu/landscape/SERAhomepage.html]. If [our system] is not working, we will be happy to accommodate the wishes of the committee. Ken also writes "I still think we need each plant contributor to notify the participants of a block of time to be looking for flowers to evaluate."

    Mississippi State University: No report (not present).
    South Carolina: No report (not present).
    Texas A&M: No report (not present).
    Oklahoma State University: No report (not present).

    Regarding Group Communications: Dewayne Ingram will be happy to continue to forward E-mails to the entire group.

    Elections of Officers

    The Executive Committee currently consists of Gary Knox (Chair), Bill Klingeman (Secretary) and Jon Lindstrom (Member of the Executive Committee). Traditionally, the Chair steps down at the end of the term, other officers move up, and a new member of the Executive Committee is elected. Thus, by affirmation, Bill Klingeman was elected Chair and Jon Lindstrom was elected Secretary. Ed Bush was nominated as Member of the Executive Committee, and was elected by affirmation.

    Old Business

    A Brief Review of the Plant Evaluation Committee Mission and Operating Guidelines:

    The Plant Evaluation Committee is a three-member committee, with the Chair reporting each year, and membership rotating on a three-year cycle. The Plant Evaluation Committee decides on data format and changes.

    In 2001, after general discussion, the SERA IEG members agreed to set one deadline for everyone to have data entered: February 1 was decided as the deadline.

    The procedures for plant evaluation are as follows:
    1) an individual nominates a plant and presents a synopsis of plant characteristics
    2) the group votes to accept or reject the plant for evaluation
    3) individuals volunteer to receive and evaluate the plant
    4) the nominator ships plants (ideally, landscape-size plant material) and an "information/distribution" sheet to evaluators
    5) the nominator arranges to have the plant information entered on the website
    6) the Plant Evaluation Committee assigns an entry date and entry code (state-year-plant number) to the plant.

    The person sending out the plant is responsible for calls-for-information. A website has been established to avoid deadlines and reduce paperwork:


    2002 Plant Evaluation Discussion and Plant Evaluation Committee Report:
    The Plant Evaluation Committee currently consists of Win Dunwell (Committee Chair), Margaret Pooler, Ken Tilt, Greg Eaton, and Ed Bush. These committee members were elected in 2001 by affirmation.

    In short, very little data has been submitted this year. Win received only 3 responses to his request on the status of the plants being tested. In round-table discussion, it was reaffirmed that distributors should try to provide a minimum of three plants per location, although information on single plants is still of interest. The objective of our effort is to provide regional information about the plant materials that have been selected. Summaries are to be written and distributed to SNA and garden/popular press outlets. Non-prescribed uses, including plants grown as annuals or in overwintered containers, will be described in the "Other Comments" box on the WebPage.

    Emphasis was renewed regarding the role of the distributor who should list specific events of interest (flowering period, winter injury, pest resistance, etc.) on the distribution sheet. The distributor should also solicit comments from trial participants and should write and submit the terminal reports, which will be communicated to the membership via Dewayne Ingram.

    Status (and Recommendations for) Plant Material Currently in Review*:
    * Additional Information from States Not Present at the 2002 SERA-IEG Meeting
    (MS, AL, TX) May Be Needed, (See "Tested in:" Category)

    1996 - NC96-01 Cornus mas 'Spring Glow': Tom Ranney
    Tested in: KY, FL, AR, NC
    2002 Recommendation: Concluding Report

    1997 - GA97-01 Acer oliverianum subsp. formosanum: John Ruter
    Tested in: GA, FL1, FL2 (performed poorly at these sites)
    2002 Recommendation: Concluding Report

    1998 - NC98-01 Styrax japonica 'Emerald Pagoda': Tom Ranney
    Tested in: NC, FL, KY1, KY2, DC1, DC2, AR
    2002 Recommendation: Concluding Report

    1998 - AL98-01 Pittosporum heterophyllum: Ken Tilt
    Tested in: DC, NC, AL
    2002 Recommendation: Contact K. Tilt re: redistribution or report

    1998 - TN98-01 Cephalotaxus harringtonia Berry College Selection: Will Witte
    Tested in: FL, KY, TN, DC (slow growth)
    2002 Recommendation: Concluding Report

    1998 - FL98-01 Conradina canescens: Gary Knox
    Tested in: FL, AR, DC, KY (died at most sites)
    2002 Recommendation: Concluding Report

    1999 - DC99-01 Lagerstroemia 'Chickasaw': Margaret Pooler
    Tested in: DC, FL, AR, LA, KY, MS, LA, TN
    2002 Recommendation:

    1999 - DC99-01 Lagerstroemia 'Pocomoke': Margaret Pooler
    Tested in: CD, FL, AR, LA, KY, MS, LA, TN
    2002 Recommendation:

    1999 - TX99-01 Plumbago auriculata 'Hullabaloo': Mike Arnold
    Tested in: TX, FL, AR (died at all sites, ex. TX?)
    2002 Recommendation: Concluding Report

    1999 - TX99-02 Turnera ulmifolia: Mike Arnold
    Tested in: TX, FL, AR, NC (died at all sites, ex. TX?)
    2002 Recommendation: Concluding Report

    1999 - TX99-03 Lonicera x americana 'Pam's Pink': Mike Arnold
    Tested in: TX, AR, FL, NC
    2002 Recommendation: Good plant, needs further distribution

    1999 - TX99-04 Ipomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa: Mike Arnold
    Tested in: AR (dead), FL (destroyed as invasive)
    2002 Recommendation: Concluding Report

    1999 - NC99-01 Illicium mexicana 'Aztec Fire': Tom Ranney
    Tested in: NC, KY, FL, AR1 (died at all sites), (alive in DC, VA, AR2)
    2002 Recommendation: Concluding Report

    1999 - KY99-01 Iris 'Churchill Downs': Win Dunwell
    KY99-02 Iris 'Kentucky Derby': Win Dunwell
    Tested in: KY, FL, AR, TN (McMinnville), DC, GA
    2002 Recommendation: Concluding Report

    KY99-03 Hemerocallis cultivars: Win Dunwell

    • 'Octavia Cherry Doll'
    • 'Octavia Exotic Marble'
    • 'Octavia Glow'
    • 'Octavia Orchid'
    • 'Milano Maraschino'
    • 'Milano Rocket'
    • 'Milano Violet Mark'
    • 'Happy Returns'
    Tested in: KY, FL, AR, LA, TX, TN (McMinnville), DC, GA, TX
    2002 Recommendation: Concluding Report

    2000 - TX00-01 Bulbine caulescens: Mike Arnold
    Tested in: GA, FL, KY, LA, TX (winter killed in all, ex. TX?)
    2002 Recommendation: Concluding Report

    2000 - FL00-01 Michelia skinneriana: Gary Knox
    Tested in: TN (McMinnville), TN2, KY, LA1, LA2, FL, AR
    2002 Recommendation: Continue Observations and Data Collection

    2001 - AR01-01 Stachys coccinea: Jon Lindstrom
    Tested in: TN, AR1, LA, (dead at: KY, VA, AR2)
    2002 Recommendation: Concluding Report

    2001 - AR01-02 Conradina canescens 'SPH': Jon Lindstrom
    Tested in: KY, FL, VA, TN, NC, AR
    2002 Recommendation: Continue Observations and Data Collection

    2002 - NC02-01 x Sinocalycalycanthus raulstonii 'Hartlage Wine': Tom Ranney
    Tested in: VA1, VA2, KY, OK, TN, AR, FL, MS, TX, KY, LA, TN (McMinnville)
    2002 Recommendation: Continue Observations and Data Collection

    2002 - FL02-02 Magnolia x 'Jon Jon': Gary Knox
    Tested in: FL(Quincy, Apopka, Milton), TN (McMinnville), AL, LA, AR, TN, VA (Virginia Beach), NC, KY, OK, TX, GA, MS (Poplarville, Biloxi)
    2002 Recommendation: Continue Observations and Data Collection

    Phytosanitary Certificates should accompany any plant materials sent for testing by SERA-IEG members. These are obtained once the Inspector for the Department of Agriculture, in the distributing state, conducts a plant inspection.

    Together, the SERA-IEG participants reviewed the Web Page that has been designed by Bernice Fischman (bfischma@auburn.edu). The web page looks great! A few suggestions were recommended. These will be compiled and submitted to Ken Tilt by Gary Knox.

    New Business

    Renewal of the Mission of SERA IEG 27: Our Request for Renewal as SERA IEG 27 was written by Gary Knox (Chair), sent to the membership for review and correction. In March, the Request was submitted via Dewayne Ingram to the Director of the Southern Association of Agricultural Experiment Station Directors (SAAESD) and Association of Southern Region Extension Directors (ASRED) program. Anna Marie Rasberry, Assistant to the Director, responded to a request for an update, that in September, Experiment Station and Extension Directors will make final decisions regarding the request. She writes: "I cannot imagine that your group would not be approved for continuation. The outline you have submitted shows evidence of a group that is actually working toward specific objectives and one that has made significant contributions in the past . . . Groups are usually not as diligent about getting renewal information to us. In fact, your proposal is the only one received this far. This is further indication of the fact that this is a well-organized group, with an active administrative advisor". Kudos are extended to Gary and Dewayne for their timely efforts.

    Bill Klingeman showed slides of the grounds that will present the new Knoxville Botanical Gardens and Arboretum. KBGA is now open to the public April through October, Wednesday through Saturday (10 to 5) at 2743 Wimpole Avenue, in Knoxville, TN (865) 637-0004. The property currently consists of 16 acres that were formerly the Joe N. Howell Nursery. 28 additional acres are under contract, which includes the land remaining from C.B. Howell Nurseries. Sylvanius Sampson Howell acquired the original land holdings in 1786 as a land grant from the State of North Carolina. The grounds contain numerous stone fences, stone structures (including a stone-walled greenhouse), and acres of gardens. Many of the plants on-site represent the international collecting efforts of the Howell brothers. A UT MS student is working to locate and identify the ornamental plants on the property.

    Meeting Sites

    The 2003 meeting is scheduled for Louisiana. Ed Bush and Allen Owings will coordinate this meeting in the Louisiana State University / Baton Rouge area. Potential dates are Wednesday June 4 through Friday June 6. The 2004 meeting site is proposed to be in Fletcher, NC.

    New Plants for Evaluation

    Margaret Pooler proposed evaluating Daphniphyllum macropodum as an underused ornamental plant. The shrub resembles rhododendron, is relatively compact, and has bluish-tinted foliage. It propagates readily from cuttings, is hardy in Zone 7, but may be slow growing.

    Donna Fare recommended 4 named cultivars of dwarf and semi-dwarf forsythia for trial. These plants are cloned from specimens that were irradiated at Oak Ridge National Laboratories several years ago by Dr. Hendrick van der Werken. The cultivars that Donna has are 'Minikin', 'Tinker-bells', 'Pygmy Red', and 'Fairy Land'. A fifth cultivar, 'Lemon Scent', was similarly developed and released. Donna does not have 'Lemon Scent'.

    Tom Ranney introduced 'Summer Cascade' PPAF, a weeping river birch. 'Summer Cascade' is heat and soil adaptable and borer resistant. Soft new growth can be staked and trained. It is fast growing, easy to root, and readily grown in container or nursery production. It is a joint introduction from Shiloh Nursery, North Carolina State University, and North Carolina Foundation Seed.

    Greg Eaton now has enough Persian parrotia (Parrotia persica) to be distributed.

    Several Magnolia x (Gresham Hybrid) 'Jon Jon' trees (FL-01-01) were distributed by Gary Knox.

    All recommended plants were approved, and distribution sign-up sheets were passed around:
    Forsythia. Mike Scheiber, Ed Bush/Allen Owings, Bill Klingeman, Win Dunwell, Greg Eaton, Tom Ranney, John Ruter.

    Daphniphyllum. Mike Scheiber, Ed Bush/Allen Owings, Bill Klingeman, Win Dunwell, Greg Eaton, Tom Ranney, Gary Knox.

    'Summer Cascade' River Birch. Gary Knox, Mike Scheiber, Ed Bush/Allen Owings, Bill Klingeman, Win Dunwell, Greg Eaton, Margaret Pooler, Tom Ranney, John Ruter, Jon Lindstrom.

    Other interested SERA-IEG Members should contact the listed plant provider.

    Other Topics

    When Materials Transfer Agreements are needed, in order to protect patent potential and intellectual/material property rights, it is recommended that the legal affairs group at the submitting Institution be consulted before any plants or germplasm are sent out for testing.

    With no further topics for discussion, the meeting was adjourned at 5pm Thursday.

    Bill Klingeman and Donna Fare were complimented on the program and scheduled tours. Bill Klingeman acknowledged that the nursery tours were made possible through Dr. Fare's industry contacts and with the valuable contribution of time and knowledge from Mr. Mark Halcomb.

    Jon Lindstrom, Scott Renfro, Mike Scheiber, and Greg Eaton joined Bill Klingeman for a tour of Cheekwood Botanical Gardens and Museum in Nashville, TN on Friday, June 7.

    Submitted by William Klingeman
    Secretary, SERA IEG 27
    University of Tennessee
    Institute of Agriculture
    Plant Sciences and Landscape Systems

    JUNE 13, 2001

    Advisors: Dewayne Ingram (University of Kentucky) and David Foster (Oklahoma State University).

    Official Representatives: Tom Ranney (NCSU), Allen Owings (LSU), Ed Bush (LSU), Win Dunwell (UK), Steve George (TAMU), Cynthia McKinney (TAMU/Texas Tech), Mike Arnold (TAMU), Gary Knox (UF), Richard Beeson (UF), Jon Lindstrom (U. Ark.), Bill Klingeman (UT), Greg Eaton (Va. Tech.), Mike Schnelle (Oklahoma State). Other participants: Cecil Pounders (Mississippi State), Jason Griffin (NCSU grad student), Tom Acre (NCSU-Fletcher), and Lauri Fox (Va. Tech.).

    The meeting was called to order by the Chair, Mike Arnold (Texas A&M). The Administrative Research Advisor, Dewayne Ingram (UK), introduced our new Administrative Extension Advisor, Dr. David Foster. Dr. Foster is Associate Dean for Extension at Oklahoma State University.

    Secretary Gary Knox (UF) briefly reviewed last year's minutes, and Mike Arnold then called for:

    • Program Reviews from each University
    • Elections of Officers
    • Old Business
    • New Business
    • Future Meeting Sites
    • New Plants for Evaluation

    Reviews of State University Programs

    North Carolina State University: Tom Ranney relayed NC State's budget problems. On the positive side, private and legislative funds have been allocated to construct the McSwain Education Center at Raulston Arboretum. Todd Lasseigne also has been hired by the Arboretum as Assistant Director. NC State has completed interviews for a landscape design position, but they still have vacancies in consumer horticulture and landscape design positions.

    Louisiana State University:Allen Owings announced Dr. David Himmelrick has been named their new department head. LSU has been allocated another horticulture position but they don't yet know where it will be located. Dan Gill is the new Extension Specialist in consumer horticulture. Allen also provided a list of current extension and research projects.

    University of Kentucky:Win Dunwell reported Dr. Walter Walla, our previous Administrative Extension Advisor, is retiring. Win distributed a handout and mentioned the New Crop Opportunities Center, recent recipient of federal funding to help diversify Kentucky's agriculture.

    Texas A&M: Steve George reported their CMAP program is now an integrated project of research and extension personnel. A new CMAP website allows all evaluation sites to enter data via the Web. Their most recent evaluation project is screening 117 taxa of roses. In personnel changes, Sam Cotton (department head) and George McEachern (fruit extension specialist) are retiring. Cynthia McKinney is in a new position that is a joint appointment with Texas A&M and Texas Tech. Texas A&M will have vacant positions resulting from the previously mentioned retirements and also may receive a new position specializing in basic plant physiology. A number of county agent positions are available.

    Mississippi State University: Cecil Pounders started in his position September 2000. Mississippi State currently is holding meetings with Auburn University to discuss sharing programs. State funding from Mississippi is limited but they have received federal funding to develop a regional center at Poplarville, potentially involving USDA research with ornamental crops (a plant pathologist already was hired). They have received funding to remodel state facilities. Cecil is involved in provenance studies of oaks and breeding of magnolia, dogwood, azalea, canna, alstroemeria, and calla.

    University of Florida: Richard Beeson reported retirements of Gary Wilfret (research; caladium breeder) and Jennifer Bradley (teaching/research in public horticulture). George Fitzpatrick (Ft. Lauderdale REC) has been reassigned part-time to help with the new environmental horticulture program at the Tropical REC (Homestead). Assistant Dean for Research Everett Emino stepped down to become a faculty member in the Environmental Horticulture Department in Gainesville. Other new faculty are Eva Worden (teaching/research at Ft. Lauderdale REC) and Wagner Vendrame (teaching/research at TREC-Homestead). UF/IFAS' budget suffered a 15% cut this fiscal year, and accordingly Administration has frozen 31 vacant positions (including 5 positions in Environmental Horticulture). Fortunately, the Mid-Florida REC (Apopka) is still able to hire for a teaching/research position. In some positive news, Gary Knox informed the group about new facilities being constructed at the University of Florida's North Florida Research and Education Center (Quincy, outside Tallahassee), with occupancy expected this October.

    University of Arkansas: Jon Lindstrom reported a stable budget. The University is advertising for a Dean. Mike Evans has been hired in a new floriculture position so the Department is now fully staffed. The enrollment has stabilized at 95 undergraduates of which 60% have a turf emphasis and 40% are in ornamentals. Jon and Jim Robbins have a statewide plant evaluation program that will be emphasizing broadleaf evergreens over the next few years.

    University of Tennessee: Bill Klingeman described recent upheavals with the former Department of Ornamental Horticulture and Landscape Design. As of July 1, the Department will be consolidated into the Plant Sciences and Landscape Systems Department. Dr. Trigiano is Interim Department Head and they are actively looking for a permanent Head, just as the University is seeking a President. The consolidated department has 250 undergraduates and also provides for a Ph.D. program. Newly hired faculty include a turf stress physiologist and breeder and a nursery/ornamentals extension specialist (Dr. Garton). Positions in plant biotechnology and a Chair of Excellence will be hired, and they are currently interviewing candidates for tree physiologist. There is a move to encourage more cooperation between USDA-ARS and UT-Knoxville.

    Oklahoma State University: Mike Schnelle reported David Foster is new Associate Dean for Extension; a new host has been hired for the TV show, "Oklahoma Gardening"; candidates are interviewing for a floriculture position vacated by John Dole's departure to NC State; and a new vegetable extension specialist was hired. The "Oklahoma Proven" plant promotion program is ongoing and includes industry representatives as well as University faculty.

    Virginia Tech University: Greg Eaton reported for Blacksburg faculty. The Department includes 27 faculty of which 6 are in ornamentals. There are 28 graduate students (including 8 in ornamentals) and 120 undergraduates (with landscape design as the primary major). Number of undergraduates seems to be declining. New faculty include Greg Eaton (hired five months ago as the new nursery/landscape extension specialist), department head, floriculture position with a research emphasis, floriculture position with a teaching emphasis, and a plant pathologist (at Virginia Beach). The Department may be granted a new position in molecular breeding for ornamentals. Virginia Tech is interested in new plant development, and they offer three test sites for plant evaluation: Blacksburg, Richmond, and Virginia Beach.

    Laurie Fox stated that 70 species are being evaluated at the Virginia Beach research station, where she is located. Six faculty are located there and research/extension activities involve the Asian ambrosia beetle, mycorrhizae, recycled water, weed control, plants for water gardens, and aquatic weed control. Virginia Beach offers a non-thesis M.S. degree in Horticulture; they will graduate 12 from the program this summer out of 28 students currently enrolled. Their students tend to be older, non-traditional students.

    Elections of Officers

    The Executive Committee currently consists of Mike Arnold (Chair), Gary Knox (Secretary) and Bill Klingeman. Traditionally, the Chair steps down at the end of the term, other officers move up, and a new member of the Executive Committee is elected. Thus, by affirmation, Gary Knox was elected Chair and Bill Klingeman was elected Secretary. Jon Lindstrom was nominated as member of the Executive Committee, and he was elected by affirmation.

    Old Business

    HortTechnology Article: Mike Arnold called for a round of applause in thanks to Win Dunwell for his work on the article about SERA IEG 27 to be published in HortTechnology. Win distributed a copy of the article. He also handed out copies of the grant application that had been submitted to (and rejected by) the J. Frank Schmidt Foundation.

    Plant Evaluation Discussion and Plant Evaluation Committee Report: The Plant Evaluation Committee currently consists of Margaret Pooler (Committee Chair), Ken Tilt and Ed Bush. Margaret Pooler and Ken Tilt were unable to attend the meeting. Ed Bush had nothing further to report. Mike Arnold said our group seems "not well-committed" to data reporting. Possible reasons:

    • we are asking for detailed collection information, and some folks may not monitor plants closely enough to record it;
    • there may be frustration with online entry of data and access to data for review.
    Cynthia McKinney gave some comments about databases, data collection and web-based reporting. After general discussion, the group settled on the idea of setting one deadline for everyone to have data entered: February 1 was decided as the deadline.

    Further discussion centered on the idea of revising the data form and on holding each other accountable for reporting on plants they gave or were given.

    Previously distributed taxa were reviewed so as to determine which are ready for their final stage of evaluation. Win Dunwell stated the daylilies he distributed were ready, but he wanted one more year of data on the iris. Unfortunately there is not good documentation on who has which plants, so it often is difficult to know who to contact for data. Ken Tilt may have much of this information. Bill Klingeman stated that plants sent to Will Witte may be "lost" since Will retired.

    The group committed to writing an SNA article on this program, but no one indicated they had sufficient data to write an article. Dewayne Ingram reminded us that information published about a plant by one of our group should be reviewed by the other individuals who received that plant.

    We reviewed the procedures for plant evaluation:

    1. an individual nominates a plant and presents a synopsis of plant characteristics
    2. the group votes to accept or reject the plant for evaluation
    3. individuals volunteer to receive and evaluate the plant
    4. the nominator ships plants (ideally, landscape-size plant material) and an "information/distribution sheet" to evaluators
    5. the nominator arranges to have the plant information entered on the website
    6. the Plant Evaluation Committee assigns an entry date and entry code (state-year-plant number) to the plant.

    Tom Ranney followed up with the question, "Is the person sending out the plant supposed to send out a call for information?" Yes, informally, but there are no deadlines. The group had opted to set up the website to avoid deadlines, reduce paperwork etc.

    Dewayne reminded us the Plant Evaluation Committee is supposed to facilitate collection and reporting of information. The Plant Evaluation Committee is a three member committee, with the Chair reporting each year, and membership rotating on a three year cycle. The Plant Evaluation Committee decides on data format and changes. Margaret Pooler, current Committee Chair, has been unable to attend our meeting due to conflicts, and her term expires. The group then voted to develop new membership on the committee: the group asked Ed Bush to continue on the committee as well as Margaret Pooler and Ken Tilt. Greg Eaton and Win Dunwell volunteered to participate, with Win agreeing to be Chair. These members were then elected by affirmation. The Plant Evaluation Committee for 2002 now consists of: Win Dunwell (Committee Chair), Margaret Pooler, Ken Tilt, and Greg Eaton.

    Group Communications: Dewayne reminded the group he is happy to forward emails to the entire group. Win asked for an updated list of names and addresses of SERA IEG 27 members, and Dewayne distributed a list.

    New Business

    Renewal of the Mission of SERA IEG 27: Dewayne told us our group is authorized until Fall 2002. Within the next year, we need to pull together another proposal for renewal (by Spring 2002). David said we could update the previous request and include a summary of activities, timelines, and accomplishments. Dewayne has the procedures for doing this, and is supportive of renewal if we finalize our efforts in terms of plants distributed, recipients of the plants, and data collected thus far.

    Mike Arnold asked the group if we wanted to continue the current mission or revise it. Dewayne read a summary of our current mission. Greg asked about other official regional groups and activities. Dewayne and David reviewed the various groups and structures: Regional Research Project; IEG (Information Exchange Group; research only); SERA IEG ("Southern Extension Research Activity - Information Exchange Group"; research and extension); SERA IEGTF ("SERA IEG Task Force"; a temporary group that is less formal); SERA IEG Conference (a time-limited group formed to hold a specific conference).

    After discussion, we decided to continue as a SERA IEG.

    Allen moved and Greg seconded that we renew SERA IEG 27. The motion passed unanimously. The Executive Committee will work on the renewal with help from Mike Schnelle. To develop the renewal information, the current Plant Evaluation Committee needs to gather data for the Executive Committee, including plants distributed, plant distributor, plant recipient, data collected, expected outcome, and information gained to date.

    Discussion followed regarding possible inclusion of a materials transfer agreement for distributing materials that a state may wish to trademark. There was additional discussion about changing to a three-year minimum evaluation period to accommodate herbaceous perennials, but the group decided against it. There was mention of shipping costs limiting the number, frequency and size of a plant being distributed.

    Meeting Sites The 2002 meeting is scheduled for Tennessee. Donna Fare and Bill Klingeman will coordinate this meeting, possibly in the McMinnville area. The 2003 meeting site is proposed to be at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge. Potential dates are June 13 - 15, 20 - 22, or 5 - 8. Future meeting sites could be (listed in no particular order): Asheville, North Carolina; Quincy, Florida; Blacksburg, Virginia; or Oklahoma.

    New Plants for Evaluation Tom Ranney proposed evaluating a Sinocalycanthus Calycanthus hybrid, originally crossed by Richard Hartlage ten years ago at Raulston Arboretum, North Carolina. This plant now is named Sinocalycanthus raulstonia. This shrub grows 8 to 10 feet tall, prefers shade, and has burgundy flowers. This is the first release from NC State's major effort in working with Calycanthus species.

    Greg Eaton proposed Parrottia persica 'Jennifer Teats'. This is the fastigiate form of Parrottia that Alex Niemiera had proposed in earlier years. Greg now believes there are enough plants to distribute.

    Jon Lindstrom presented information on Monardella, Stachys and a Conradina canescens selection.

    Laurie Fox suggested Persea thunbergii, Manglietia yunnanensis for distribution.

    Gary Knox presented information on Magnolia H (Gresham Hybrid) 'Jon Jon'.

    All plants were approved, and distribution sign-up sheets were passed around.

    Other Topics

    Mike Arnold is the incoming leader of an ASHS Working Group. They submitted the topic of large tree production and establishment. They are looking for topics of interest from this group to submit for future workshops. Laurie suggested use of recycled water for landscape irrigation.

    Cynthia McKinney then gave a presentation on Texas A&M's ongoing rose trials. Currently they are evaluating over 117 roses for low maintenance, flowering, foliage, etc. They are looking for cooperators in other states. Following the presentation, there was a general discussion on perceptions of consumer demand for roses, etc.

    With no further topics for discussion, the meeting was adjourned.

    Submitted by

    Gary W. Knox
    Secretary, SERA IEG 27
    University of Florida
    North Florida Research and Education Center


    JUNE 24, 1999

    Meeting was called to order by Chairman Win Dunwell, 24 June 1999.

    Meeting Participants in 1999
    Alabama -- Ken Tilt - ktilt@acesag.auburn.edu
    Arkansas -- John Lindstrom - trannel@comp.uark.edu; Jim Robbins - jrobbins@uaex.edu
    Florida -- Richard Beeson - rcb@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu; Gary Knox - gwk@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu
    Georgia -- John Ruter - ruter@tifton.cpes.peachnet.edu
    Kentucky -- Win Dunwell - wdunwell@ca.uky.ed
    Louisiana -- Edward Bush - ebush@agctr.lsu.edu; Alan Owings - lowings@agctr.lsu.edu
    Mississippi -- Patricia Knight - tricia@ra.msstate.edu
    North Carolina -- Tom Ranney - tranney@fletcher.ces.ncsu.edu
    Oklahoma -- Mike Schnelle
    South Carolina -- Tom Fernandez -frnndz@clemson.edu
    Tennessee -- Will Witte - wwitte@utk.edu; Bill Klingeman - wklingem@utk.edu
    Texas -- Michael Arnold - ma-arnold@tamu.edu
    Virginia -- Alex Niemiera -niemiera@vt.edu
    US National Arboretum -- Margaret Pooler - mpooler@ars-grin.gov; Donna Fare - dfare@blomand.net
    Administrative Advisors -- Dewayne Ingram - dingram@ca.uky.edu ; University of Kentucky

    Elections of Officers
    Current SERA-IEG-27 officers are Chair Win Dunwell, Secretary Donna Fare, and Executive Committee Member Mike Arnold. The traditional sequence of officers progresses such that the Executive Committee Member moves to Secretary, and the Secretary move to Chair.
    A motion was made by Will Witte that an official USDA representative be included from the TSU Nursery Research Station in McMinnville; Gary Knox seconded and the motion passed unanimously.

    Tom Ranney moved that Gary Knox be nominated for Executive Committee Member, Mike Arnold for Secretary and Donna Fare for Chair; Will Witte seconded and the motion passed unanimously. The slate of officers was elected by acclamation.

    Dr. Tom Elias, director of the US National Arboretum addressed the group about the mission, research locations and goals of the arboretum.

    Departmental reports:

    University of Kentucky: see attachment 1.

    University of Tennessee has narrowed the search for a Nursery Extension Specialist to two candidates. Bill Klingeman is in a new research position for woody nursery crop research. Phase I of the new 8500 square feet greenhouse complex is underway. Jim Faust is leaving UT Extension and accepted a teaching/research position at Clemson University. Several deans and associate deans will retire in the next fiscal year along with Don Williams and Will Witte, members of the OHLD department. The trial garden has received support from the Friends of the Garden to hire three part time students to assist in the garden. A Master of Science in Public Horticulture is now in place. Undergraduate enrollment is about 250.

    The US National Arboretum: see attachment 2.

    University of Arkansas: Jim Robbins joined the faculty in November of 1998 in an extension/research position and John Lindstrom has recently filled a teaching/research position. Al Einhart has retired and a new floriculture position announcement is out. A new plant evaluation program to market and promote ornamentals is underway at three locations in the state. Fifteen to twenty woody and herbaceous plants will be evaluated annually for 5 years.

    North Carolina State University has hired Robert Lyons as the new director for the J.C. Raulston Arboretum and is advertising for an assistant director at the Master of Science level. University of Florida: A turf specialist including responsibilities for home lawns and a landscape management specialist will be advertised soon. The ornamental teaching programs are in place at Ft. Pierce, Ft. Lauderdale, Milton, and Homestead. Four new positions were added at Homestead. The new evaluation gardens on campus are progressing.

    Texas A&M has a floriculture position coming open. The CEMAP program is growing for evaluating plant material for Texas landscapes and future funding is expected with the Texas Super Star plant tags. Trials are in 5 locations in the state where plants are evaluated for 2 years. The new 5 acre garden near the Bush Library will probably be named for Barbara Bush.

    University of Georgia is seeking a department head for the Horticulture Department. Joyce Latimar left and joined the faculty at VPI.

    Mississippi State University will replace John Davis who recently passed away. His position was extension of the Gulf Coast. Patricia Knight is working closely with the Crosby Arboretum known for the collection of native plants indigenous to the Gulf Coast.

    Virginia Tech: Robert Lyons left VPI to join NCSU's faculty and Joyce Latimar joined the floriculture faculty at VPI. Three acres will be added to the existing one-acre garden. The landscape industry wants irrigation, Spanish and business courses added to the horticulture curriculum.

    Oklahoma State University's plant promotion program, Oklahoma Proven, is gaining popularity.

    Auburn University - see attachment 3.

    Clemson University is constructing a new greenhouse complex and bio-tech complex with groundbreaking in July. Student enrollment is at 150. The Southern Living home adjacent to the botanical garden is now a Visitor Center.

    Louisiana State University hired Drew Bates to conduct nursery crop research and Bob Mirabella, a masters level, for teaching. Student enrollment is up and horticulture students are getting jobs at golf courses. A plant material conference is held annually to promote ornamental plants. The Gulf State Horticulture Expo had about 550 at the one day educational program at the Gulf States Trade Show.

    Guidelines for homepages of regional projects and activities were discussed. A committee comprised of Patricia Knight, Tom Ranney, Will Dunwell and Ken Tilt (chair) will develop a homepage. Suggested topics to be included on the home page are plant evaluations and links to the member university's teaching, research, and extension programs. See attachment 4 for SAAESD guidelines.

    The plant evaluation program was discussed. A Distributor Information Sheet was developed by the plant evaluation committee. See attachment 5. The plant evaluation sheet will be available on the web site http://www.ag.auburn.edu/landscape/sera/. See attachment 6. Data from the plant evaluation can be archived and retrieved by any of the evaluation factors. Distributors will send up to 3 plants to each cooperator, 3 ideally, but 1or 2 plants in some cases. The distributor will send the distributor information sheet and will be responsible for gathering the information on the plant(s) evaluated. A reminder will be sent by the distributor for timely plant evaluation information. The Plant Evaluation Committee will oversee this process.

    A discussion arose concerning the costs of the plant distribution (mailing and postage) and publication costs. Since this SERA-IEG plant evaluation is in its infancy, accomplishments are minimal, which would reduce funding from some granting agencies i.e. HRI. The distributor will be responsible for the cost of distributing the plants. Plants will be shipped from the distributor when ready for landscape evaluation.

    How do we retrofit plants from the past evaluation into the current evaluation system? Each person who has distributed plants must complete the Distribution Information Sheet. Cooperators need to send evaluation information to Margaret Pooler for compilation of plants that have been distributed to date. The final report is the responsibility of the distributor. Pictures of these plants are needed for the final report and for the homepage.

    Past plants include:

    PlantsDistributorCooperator to report
    Rhododendron 'Gulfray'Sam LaicheWill Witte and Win Dunwell
    Cercis canadensis 'Silver Cloud'Win Dunwellwill re-evaluate
    Cornus mas 'Spring Glow'Tom Ranney .
    Acer oliverianum spp. FormosanumJohn Ruter .
    Styrax japonica 'Emerald Pagoda'Tom Ranney .
    Pittosporum heterophyllum Ken Tilt .
    Cephalotazus harringtonWill Witte .
    Berry College selection
    Conradina canescens
    Gary Knox .
    Illicum mexicana 'Aztec Fire' Tom Ranney .
    Lagerstroemia 'Chickasaw'Margaret Pooler .
    Lagerstroemia 'Pocomoke'Margaret Pooler .

    A third document is needed to develop the protocol for the plant evaluation. Win Dunwell will compile notes from previous meetings and send the notes to Gary Knox, Mike Arnold, and Donna Fare to develop the protocol guidelines.

    The afternoon session was a tour of the US National Arboretum by curators of the arboretum.

    The meeting was adjourned after dinner on 24 June 1999 at 2030.

    Meeting reconvened at 0830 on 25 June 1999 at the USDA facilities in Beltsville, Maryland.

    The morning session was a bus tour of the research facilities at Beltsville then a walking tour guided by Rob Greisbach of the Floral and Nursery Plants Research Unit.

    The business session continued during lunch. A list of plants to evaluate in 2000 was developed. The Distributor is responsible for updating the database of information sent from the cooperators and writing the final report of the evaluated plant. The database format is available on the web site.

    Iris x Churchhill Downs Win Dunwell
    Cercis canadensis'Silver Cloud' Win Dunwell
    Daylilies Win Dunwell
    Sophora Persian Pagoda Alex Niemeria
    Morus Golden Paper Mulberry Will Witte
    Clethra Ruby Spice Will Witte
    Ulmus elegantissima Elm Will Witte
    Salix Rosemary leaf Willow Will Witte
    Halesia Ken Tilt
    Calycanthus Tom Ranney
    Bulbine caulescens Mike Arnold (see attachment 7)
    Plumbago auriculata 'Hullabaloo Mike Arnold (see attachment 7)
    Ipomoea fistulosa Dwarf Morning GloryMike Arnold (see attachment 7)
    Daphniphyllum Margaret Pooler
    Dipelta Margaret Pooler
    Magnolia spp. Gary Knox (see attachment 8)

    2000 Meeting Site
    Richard Beeson will host the meeting in Apopka, Florida on July 26-27 just after the ASHS annual conference in Orlando. Tennessee and Texas will host an annual meeting sometime in the future.

    Win Dunwell thanked everybody for attending and their participation. Win called for adjournment. A motion was made by Mike Arnold and seconded by Will Witte. The vote was unanimous.

    Respectively submitted by Donna C. Fare, Secretary.


    JULY 9-10, 1998

    Those in attendance: Tom Yeager, University of Florida; Willard T. Witte, University of Tennessee; Ken Tilt, Auburn University; Tom Ranney, North Carolina State University; Margaret Pooler, U.S. National Arboretum; Alex Niemiera, Virginia Tech; Gary Knox, University of Florida; Patricia Knight, Mississippi State University; Gerald Kingaman, University of Arkansas; Dewayne Ingram, University of Kentucky; Tom Fernandez, Clemson University; Donna Fare, University of Tennessee; Win Dunwell, University of Kentucky; Ed Bush, Louisiana State University; Claire Brooks, University of Florida Graduate Student; Dick Bir, North Carolina Graduate Student; Richard Beeson, University of Florida; Michael Arnold, Texas A&M University.

    Meeting called to order by Chairman Tom Ranney, July 9, 1998

    Chairman Tom Ranney presented a Illicum mexicana 'Aztec fire' to Tom Fernandez to thank him for hosting the 1998 meeting.

    Election of Officers: Tom Ranney will have completed his year as chairman. Current officers will move up to the next highest office. Win Dunwell will move from secretary to Chairman. Donna Fare will become Secretary leaving the Executive Committee Member position vacant.

    Call for nomination for Executive Committee Member. Tom Yeager nominated Mike Arnold, Will Witte seconds, Mike is elected by acclimation.

    A report from the Plant Evaluation Committee headed by Alex Niemiera is deferred until tomorrow.

    The U.S. National Arboretum will be next year's meeting site. The discussion of the meeting date surrounds the 3rd week of June but it is believed that is Father's Day weekend.

    Tom Yeager brought up a concern expressed by Dr. Leppla (Director, Apopka Research and Education Center) that a representative from a federal regulatory agency such as the Department of Interior (Fish and Wildlife Service) and/or APHIS be added to the SERA/IEG Committee. SERA/IEG members agreed to add invasiveness as category for evaluation, but did not think a representative from a federal regulatory agency needed to be added to the SERA/IEG Committee at this time. We should get copies of the Exotic Pest Plant Lists. Dick Bir says Florida, Virginia, Tennessee, and the Brooklyn Botanic garden have lists and we should have copies of the Southern Plant Board Noxious Weed List.

    Meeting Adjourned, July 9, 1998, 2030hrs.

    Meeting Reconvened, July 10, 1998, 0800hrs
    South Carolina Botanic Garden Hayden Conference Center, Clemson University
    Tour, Business Meeting and Information Exchange

    0800hrs-Tour South Carolina Botanic Gardens guided by James Arnold, Garden Manager

    1030hrs-Conference convenes

    First order of business is the Plant Evaluation Program report by Alex Niemiera.

    Alex describes a brief history. The original work on the Plant Evaluation program was done by a committee chaired by Sam Laiche with members Will Witte and Gerald Klingaman. The original forms for distributing materials seem adequate but we will add an evaluation category: Invasive Potential and Transmission (insect and disease) Potential.

    Should the program be informal or formal? Formal Program! We want to be able to get published, the results of our efforts.

    Discussion concerning plant evaluation continued. Those sending out notification of a plant for evaluation will need to ask who wants to evaluate plant. A question was whether we need to send out multiple plants for each site. Discussion continues about who will develop a protocol for the evaluation process, should the group define protocols or should the person sending out the plant?

    How many plants should be sent to each site in order to collect data? Ideally 3, in special cases 1 or 2. Keep in mind, not every state will choose to evaluate every plant made available. The state representative will have the opportunity to accept or reject a plant evaluation. It seems that fall (Oct-Nov) shipment of plants would be best with February being an alternate time to ship the plants.

    We need a person to serve as recorder with a central record keeping system. The person serving as recorder would have to be in the position for 3 years in order to establish continuity. Margaret Pooler uses a Quatro Pro Program. She would be willing to serve as recorder if all would agree to submit data/reports in the format she needs.

    Discussion: could we create a web site for entering evaluation data? We need a "Nanny" to look over the whole program. Can we use the turf program as a model? The turf program generates funds that are shared with those institutions that agree to evaluate the cultivars. The crabapple program is a good model but also demonstrates the limitations should the "Nanny" leave the program.

    Recorder responsibilities:

    Funding : There is none for SERA. We would need to apply for grants as a group to HRI and Landscape Development Center

    Plant Evaluation Committee

    State Representatives for the Plant Evaluation Program

    In some cases a Comparison Evaluation may be appropriate. This might include grafted vs own roots, disease resistant vs susceptible cultivars, bloom of evaluated cultivar vs standard in the industry.

    Where should we publish our results? Journal of Environmental Horticulture, HortTechnology, SNA Researchers Conference Proceedings. Are there others?

    What type of information do we report? Include photographs, all data, recommendations resulting from the evaluation, landscape use, tolerance and/or susceptibility (heat, cold, drought, pests, etc.), size, ornamental characteristics (bloom, foliage, etc.).

    Patented or Trade-Marked plants. Can we distribute them? Are there any special considerations we need to make in order to accommodate the restricted plants? The member distributing the plants will be responsible for dealing with any issues related to patents or trade marks.

    Officers - The Executive Committee Member is elected by the SERA Official Members. The Executive Committee member will then move up to serve as Secretary and a year later move from the Secretary's position to the Chair position.




    Executive Committee Member

    Recorder Responsibilities

    Dewayne will work on preparing job descriptions

    1999 Meeting Site Margaret Pooler host the meeting at the National Arboretum on June 24-26, 1999. Texas will host sometime in the future in San Antonio.

    SERA/IEG 27 Plants distributed for evaluation - 1998
    Styrax japonica 'Emerald Pagoda' Tom Ranney, NCSU
    Pittosporum heterphyllum Ken Tilt, Auburn
    Cephalotaxus harringtonBerry College selection Willard T. Witte, UT
    Conradina canescens Gary Knox, UFL

    Respectfully submitted by Winston C. Dunwell, Secretary

    Guidelines for Officers - SERA-IEG-27
    The Chair is responsible for coordinating IEG activities throughout the year, working with the Plant Evaluation Committee to ensure plant evaluation information is collected and compiled, and planning the working program for the next meeting. She/He may delegate or request assistance from the Secretary or Executive Committee Member to accomplish these objectives or making recommendations/decisions as needed throughout the year.

    The Secretary is responsible for taking minutes of the meeting and distributing them in coordination with the IEG Chair and Administrative Advisor. The Secretary also works with the Chair to develop an annual report that is submitted to the Administrative Advisor for distribution to the Southern Region Directors of the Experiment Station and Extension. It is the intent of the SERA-IEG-27 for the Executive Committee Member to serve as the Secretary the next year.

    The Executive Committee members functions as a member of the Executive Committee in decision-making between annual meetings and to assist the Chair as assigned. It is the intent of the SERA-IEG-27 for the Executive Committee Member to serve as the Secretary the next year.

    The chair of the standing Plant Evaluation Committee reminds members to submit evaluation data at the appropriate time and in the pre-determined format, logs plants made available or to be made available for distribution, records who requested each plant, and compiles and summarizes the data annually for the SERA-IEG-27 meeting.

    The Administrative Advisors are appointed by the respective Chairs of the Southern Region Directors of the Experiment Station and Directors of Extension to:

    JUNE 1997

    The final meeting of SRIEG-63 and the organizational meeting of SERA-IEG-27 was held on June 27-28 in Florida. Official Representatives Present: Margaret Pooler (National Arboretum), Gary Knox (Florida), John Ruter (Georgia), Will Witte (Tennessee), Alex Niemiera (Virginia), Dewayne Ingram (SERA-IEG-27 Administrator). Severe weather and family illness prohibited representatives from three other states from attending as planned. Others Present: Tom Yeager (Florida-Gainsville), Dick Henley (Florida-Apopka), Mack Theford (Forida-Milton). Official Representative list attached.

    Terrill Nell (Chair of UF Environmental Horticulture) and other UK faculty conducted a tour describing research on-going at the greenhouse facilities, the urban tree research unit and in the office/laboratory building. Each representative provided a summary of the status and activities of horticulture programs in their state.

    Plant Evaluation Reports and Discussion:

    Tennessee: Plants of Betula jacquemontii will not be distributed as planned because the parent plant has succumbed to borers. Cultivars of Acer spp., Cornus, Syriga, Lagerstroemia, Ulmus, and Quercus are being evaluated in Knoxville. Tennessee is cooperating with NC State, UK, and ARS-McMinnville on an evaluation of 60 hydrangeas (including lacecaps, hortensias, oakleaf, and serrata). Performance of crabapple cultivars will be reported at SNA this year. A list of the plants in their Knoxville trial gardens as well as the plantings at McMinnville are listed on their website.

    Georgia: They are evaluating 27 different Clethras. 'Ruby Spice' has flowers which hold their pink color well, but the plant does not make a nice looking shrub. The Mexican selections of Clethras are marginally cold-hardy, and show lots of leafspot diseases. Selections of Itea virginica, Ilex glabra, Loropetalum spp., Fothergilla spp., and Illicium spp. are also being evaluated. The Costal Plain Research Station (Tifton) has a planting of about 280 taxa. This site also is evaluating red maples (Acer spp.) and elms (Ulmus spp.) in cooperation with the U.S. National Arboretum. There are replicated evaluations of 12 Raphiolepis spp., 14 Cotoneaster spp. and other evaluations of 98 conifers, 10 Prunus spp.(flowering cherries), 17 Syringa spp., Cotoneaster spp. seedlings, and 250 taxa of Ilex. John Ruter distributed plants of Acer oliverianum spp. Formosanum. This plant may be a good substitute for Japanese maple in the Deep South. John believes this species may be sensitive to ammonium forms of nitrogen.

    Virginia: Alex Niemiera will distribute a fastigiate form of Parrotia persica next year. He presently is working on its progagation.

    U.S. National Arboretum: Margaret Pooler discussed the species she is working with, including Cercis, Prunus, Lagerstroemia, syringa, Hamemalis, Photinia, and Camellia. She regretfully informed us that she isn't allowed to evaluate taxa other than those listed, but she will be able to participate in distributing unnamed selections for us to evaluate. Margaret distributed a new cooperators' agreement form for us to review. The National Arboretum just released Lagerstroemia 'Chickasaw', the first dwarf hybrid cultivar to be released from the late Dr. Egolf's breeding program.

    Florida: Tom Yeager stated that the tours covered the species being evaluated in Gainesville (including cycads and native Florida trees). Mack Thetford is interested in evaluating ornamental grasses, bamboos, and small trees at the West Florida Research and Education Center in Jay. Dick Henley proposes that many of the tropical foliage plants he works with could be used in the landscape as annual bedding plants or herbaceous perennials. Many of them are fast-growing and could give a "tropical" look to summer landscapes throughout the South. Gary Knox is formally evaluating 77 taxa of Lagerstroemia spp. at the North Florida Research and Education Center in Monticello. He also has established demonstration plantings of 40 deciduous Magnolia taxa, several other species of trees from Magnoliaceae, 20 other species of trees, 15 species of shrubs, and collections of about 50 vines and 29 bamboos.

    Kentucky: At the West Kentucky Research and Education Center in Princeton, 'Gulfray' azalea did not prove hardy. 'Silver Cloud' redbud is doing well. Cornus mas 'Spring Glow' is doing well. Bignonia 'Tangerine Beauty' is doing well. Quercus and Euscaphis japonica did not survive.

    Plant Evaluation Discussion: Evaluation guidelines established a few years ago were distributed. The need for a better system for organizing the plant distribution and evaluation was discussed. Transporting and transplanting plants during mid-summer (the time of our meeting) is stressful for most plants. Air travel to meeting sites makes it difficult to transport plants. Margaret said she uses UPS Next Day service to distribute plants during Spring; it costs more, but plants arrive in better shape, in a timely manner and at a time of year conducive to transplanting. It should be the responsibility of the distributor to annually send an evaluation form to each plant recipient. It was suggested that a "standing committee" or 3-year terms of office would allow more continuity of this program from year to year. Alex Niemeria volunteered to devise a scheme for coordinating plant distribution, sending evaluation forms, and reporting results. He asked for help from other members. Margaret will share the Excel template they use to track and record information on plants. The Florida Nurserymen and Growers Association started a "Florida Gold Medal Award" program. Kentucky started a similar program called the " Theodore Klein Award" in 1996.

    Business Meeting: The official description and requirements of SERAs (Southern Extension and Research Activities) were presented. Officers elected for 1997-98 were: Tom Ranney - Chair, Win Dunwell - Secretary, and Donna Fare - Executive Committee Member.

    1998 Meeting Plan: Clemson University (Tom Fernandez) will host the 1998 meeting at the south Carolina botanic Gardens on the University of Clemson on Thursday and Friday, July 8th and 9th, just before ASHS'98 meeting in Charolette, N.C. National Arboretum will tentatively host the 1999 meeting in Washington, DC.


    JUNE 1996

    The meeting was held June 21-22, 1996, Hampton Roads Agricultural Research and Education Center, Virginia Beach, VA. Attending were Gary Knox (FL), Steve George(TX), Win Dunwell (KY), Dewayne Ingram (Administrative Advisor for IEG-63), Tom Ranney (NC), Steve Fernandez (SC), John Ruter (GA), Alex Niemera (VA), and Will Witte (TN).

    On Friday, June 21, the group assembled at the experiment station and was welcomed by Dr. Pete Schulz, Director. A recent addition to the mission of the station has been the addition of a graduate teaching program to service the needs of the metropolitan horticultural community. The rest of the day was spent touring Lancaster Farms, a large progressive container nursery; Whites Greenhouses, a large semiautomated efficient greenhouse pot plant grower; Norfolk Botanic Garden; and the extensive ornamental trial plantings at the Hampton Roads Agricultural Research and Education Center.

    Alex Niemera, Chair, called the business meeting to order at 8:15 am June 22 at the station and reviewed the agenda. The order of office for the IEG-63 is #1. Chair, #2. Secretary, and #3. Executive Committee member. It was established that Will Witte was elected to the #3 position last year, and since Dr. Ken Tilt from Alabama could not attend due to a short course conflict, Dr. Witte was moved up to #2 and appointed secretary for this meeting. Nobody from Alabama can attend as long as the IEG is held the next to the last weekend in June.

    Dr. Ingram brought us up to date on some administrative matters. funding for IEG meeting expenses varies from state to state. In some, the experiment station director holds the funds back, in others the department head has the funds. It takes a while to get an IEG going. At the 93 meeting, there was a request for a list of other people to be invited - this has kind of gone by the wayside. In 95, Southern Region chairs evaluated every IEG and recommended:

    There is no reason not to invite professional staff from selected arboretum and botanic gardens to participate in our meetings. A National Arboretum representative could have a vote as it is a governmental research organization.

    Dr. Ingram circulated a sign up list to update e-mail addresses and this is to be distributed with the minutes.

    The minutes of the 1995 meetings were approved as amended and Niemera was asked to send a corrected copy to Dr. Ingram for file.


    Last year's discussion re: becoming an SERA-IEG was reviewed. Dr. Ingram clarified the necessary procedures. A 2-page proposal must be submitted to request an IEG. It spans a 5-year term. For an SERA-IEG, there is a form to be completed by the chair and submitted to Dr. Ingram by a September deadline. The group needs to decide: 1.what title; 2.what focus; 3.cite accomplishments; and 4.objectives. Discussion ensued on these points, for example, our IEG title says production but our but our only project is evaluation; thus selection should be tied to genetics and conservation. The group should report their proceedings.

    The consensus focus was: "Identify, evaluate, and disseminate information on superior environmentally sustainable landscape plants in production and landscape systems in the Southern Region". The basis of this focus is the screening of germplasm for adaptability.

    Justification derives from 1) size of the nursery industry, 2) nursery industry rapidly expanding, 3) continued growth depends on new plant materials 4) evidence of renewed emphasis on plant introduction and evaluation is the fact that this is the first year the Southern Nurserymen's Assn.. trade show has featured a "new plant introduction" venue, 5) many industry plant releases are not widely tested or independently tested in unbiased trials.

    The consensus procedures were:

    Dissemination of information: The IEG could print publications and distribute them. The group could also print articles in journals such as HortTechnology and HortScience, Proceedings of the SNA Research Conference, flyers to the industry, and trade magazines. It was agreed that responsibility to summarize the evaluation data rests with the introducer, therefore annual report sheets should go to the introducer and the finished summary to the chair. Responsibility for timely reports (at the annual meeting) lies with the evaluator.

    A question arose as to whether we evaluate just woodies or also perennials. Consensus of the discussion was that in was for plants normally produced and marketed in nursery channels, which could include perennials, but not bedding plants.

    Motion was made, seconded, and unanimously accepted to have an official representative to our IEG from the National Arboretum.

    Representatives from each state delivered a brief report. Copies of written reports are attached.

    Tom Yeager and John Ruter discussed the substrate project initiative and BMPs. EPA wants a Risk Management Plan for BMP proposal that was submitted.

    Plant Distribution: We recapped that 2 pyracanthas ('Rutgers' and 'Fiery Cascade') and Euonymus japonica 'Bekomasaki' had been distributed at the Third Southern Plant Conference in Chattanoohga. the azalea 'Bay Beauty' was distributed at last years IEG meeting in Popularville, MS.

    This year, Win Dunwell, KY, distributed plants of Cercis canadensis 'Silver Cloud'. this selection by Theodore Klein has performed well at the NCSUArboretum in Raleigh and at the Tidewater Arboretum in Norfolk. the cultivar is mentioned as "a spectacular selection" and illustrated in the new book by Tripp and Raulston. these plants were tissue cultured by Dr. Bob Geneve at KY. the plant needs partial shade to maintain the white variegation. This cultivar, and others, is currently in tissue at Microplant Nursery so availability should increase.

    Selection of Plants For Distribution Next Year:
    Will Witte, TN, agreed to propagate a plant of Betula jacquemontii that had performed well in Knoxville for six years. Originally from NCSU arboretum. Comment from someone that the cv 'Kashmir White' at the Missouri botanic Garden had borers.

    Tom Ranney, NC, agreed to distribute plants of Cornus mas 'Spring Glory', a southern variant of cornelian cherry. It roots easily and is the most floriferous. Also Campsis grandiflora 'Morning Calm' which is now coming into production from Johnson Nursery, Willard, NC and hawksridge Nursery, Hickory, NC. It has performed well for six years in Knoxville, TN with minor tip dieback overwinter. There was discussion but no decision on Styrax japonica 'Emerald Pagoda' (formerly 'Sohuksan').

    Win Dunwell, KY, agreed to distribute Hermercocallis 'Orchid Glow' with the cv 'Happy Returns' for comparison.

    Acer oliveranum spp.formosanum will be distributed by John Ruter, GA. Also discussed for future distribution were. Cornus angustata, Evergreen Dogwood; Nyssa sinensis, Chinese Tupelo, a clean form with peachy orange fall color and no leaf spot; and Neillia sinensis Chinese Neillia a shrub which does well in Blairsville (and Athens according to Dirr) but not in the heat of Tifton. Alex Niemmera, VA has a superior form of Parrottia persia, a pendula selection from Cave Hill Cemetery by Klein, that he will attempt to get ready for distribution. Steve Fernandez, SC, mentioned Quercus laceyii, Lacey Oak, and evergreen species from Texas. But I believe he agreed to distribute a selection of Montezuma cypress to compare with cald cypress. This would be a selection that was hardy to a freeze of 8 or 9 degrees.

    It was agreed to bring small liners, quarts or 4" tubes, to the meeting next year. This would ease transport home. Larger material would be shipped by the introducer.

    Meeting Site for 1997: Tom Yeager invited the group to Gainesville. Best travel connection if flying would be through Jacksonville airport, or drive to Gainesville. He indicated the meeting could be structured to meet and pickup attendees in Jacksonville, do a nursery tour, and have the business meeting in Gainesville the next day. Timing would be the 2nd or 3rd weekend in June. Ton was appointed program chair. He suggested we focus on a certain group of plants next year with invited experts as guests, for example: crape mytles - Gary Knox, cycads - Behjan Dehgan, hardy palms - DeArmand Hull. This would mean an all day meeting Saturday. Gary Knox added that if anyone has ideas for topics at any time, to share them with him or Tom.

    Election of Officers: Nominated and elected by acclamation were tom Ranney, NC for secretary and Win Dunwell, KY for executive committee member. Dewayne Ingram will continue as our regular IEG Administrative Advisor. Will Witte will rotate to chair for the 1997 meeting.

    Meeting was adjourned and the redbud plants were distributed.

    Minutes respectfully compiled by Willard T. Witte, 1996 secretary.

    JUNE 24, 1995

    The day prior to the business meeting, the group visited nurseries, and Home and Garden Cable Television Station, University of Tennessee Horticulture facilities and research projects, and the Campus Horticulture Gardens. A dinner was hosted by Dr. and Mrs. Don William (UT Hort. Dept.)

    John Ruter (Chair) called the business meeting to order at 8:15 am. The following were in attendance: John Ruter, Dewayne Ingram, Win Dunwell, Will Witte, Tom Ranney, Sam Laiche, Norman Winter, Tom Yeager, Gary Knox, Alex Niemiera.

    Old Business

    1. Minutes of 1994 meeting were approved.

    New Business

    2. Terril Nell (FL) is official Administrative Advisor but could not attend meeting. Dewayne Ingram (KY) served in his place. Dewayne reported that Southern Region Committee Chairs review regional projects and suggested that IEG - 63 publish proceedings. Ingram suggested that IEG - 63 issue an impact statement of this group's activities. for example, since IEG - 63 was focused on plant material introduction, the group should give evidence of measurable impact, collaborative projects, and elimination of duplication.

    3. Brief State Reports by:
    Will Witte (TN), Sam Laiche (MS), tom Ranney (NC), Tom Yeager (FL), Win Dunwell (KY), Alex Niemiera (VA), and John Ruter (GA)

    4. Discussion of making IEG - 63 into a SERA (participation of Extension personnel) which was tabled in 1993 meeting for two years. Vote was taken and membership approved changing IEG - 63 to SERA status.

    5. A name change was discussed; a vote was taken and new name is: Nursery Crop and Landscape Systems. Since IEG - 63 is taking on the SERA role and relatively new plant introductions objective, notification letters of these developments should be sent to Department Chairs and Extension Personnel.

    6. Plant Introduction Reports:
    Gary Knox (FL) - Al, GA, and FL survey; crape myrtle topics (handouts).

    Will Witte (TN) - Crabapple cultivars; dogwood collections; McMinnville Expt. Station work with maples, lilacs, elms, crape myrtles; holly collection; UT Gardens.

    Tom Ranney (NC) - NC State Arboretum mission to evaluate, collect, and distribute new species; serviceberry; crapapple evaluation program; flowering cherries; kousa dogwood collections; deciduous hollies; southern magnolia; river birch x white bark birch hybrids; NC Urban Tree Evaluation Project.
    Discussion: An impact statement is needed to determine the influence of such a plant introduction program (cost effectiveness, gross sales). Data taken of plant performance (multi-state data) will be incorporated into a marketing program; potential avenues of marketing are American Nurserymen (trade journal), Southern Living (popular magazine), extension publications. Also discussed was the protocol for plant evaluation. Win Dunwell (KY), replacement for Gerald Klingaman's (AR), and Sam Laiche (MS) will chair the Plant Evaluation Subcommittee.

    Sam Laiche (MS) - Norman Winter will organize a plant project within MS. Will there be funding for plant evaluation?

    Discussion: Should there be a free (to nursery industry) for plant evaluations? John Ruter (GA) - Dirr and Armitage (both of U of GA) conduct some evaluation and distribution work; at Griffin, GA (Expt. Station) there is some breeding work; 120 bamboo taxa; Savannah Station; Blairsville Station; maple, elm, sourwood, mountain-laurel, and ornamental blurberry work at Tifton Station; work on 300 taxa of native plants at the Coastal Plain Station; State-wide Gold Medal Program at four locations put together by extension agents and committee of 40 individuals from industry and academia; the Gold Medal Program promotes and markets four new species (two woody and two herbaceous) each year.

    Discussion: Is invasiveness being evaluated?; State Nursery Association need to be in charge.

    Alex Niemiera (VA) - tom Banko of VA Beach Agricultural Experiment Station is in charge of plant evaluation; list of plants being evaluated was distributed.

    Discussion: How about cooperation with National Arboretum in Washington, DC? Sub-Committee will develop a contact.

    Win Dunwell (KY) - Arboretum in Lexington (Campus) has a role in introductions (also at Experiment Station): Bob McNiel (Campus) involved with National Crabapple evaluation; insect resistance work.
    Discussion: Plant societies can collaborate on plant evaluation.

    Will Witte (TN) - Noted work to be done by the Plant Evaluation Committee including: list of participants and a specific plan of action; participants will be identified by Nov. 1995; plant distribution list will be mailed by Dec. 1995; final plant list sent by Jan. 1996; send plants out in Feb. or Mar. 1996; there will be three to four taxa to be evaluated per year (4 replications per taxa per site); thus, a request form must be sent out to participants.

    7. Tom Yeager (FL) reported on Best Management Practices Manual for irrigation and fertilization of nursery crops; Manual should be completed by September, 1995.

    8. Selection of Executive committee Chair for 1996. Ken Tilt(AL) was elected Secretary in 1994 and next in line for Executive Committee Chair but was unable to attend 1995 meeting. Alex Niemiera (VA), who was voted Executive Committee Member in 1994, assumed the 1994 Secretary's duties and will become Chair for 1994-95. Will Witte was elected as the Secretary for 1995-96.

    Site for 1996 meeting will be Virginia Beach and Alex Niemiera will be Chair of the Site Committee.

    Submitted by: Alex X. Niemiera, Secretary (in place of Ken Tilt).

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