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Aquaculture Technology Development Program – Annual Report


International Center for Aquaculture – Auburn University

Date: 1992

Funding Agency: USAID

Keywords: aquaculture, international, development

Category: International Annual Report

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This is a report of Cooperative Agreement No. DAN-4180-A-00-8008-00 activities for calendar
year 1992, the final year of a five-year program implemented during calendar years 1988 through
1992. This program was preceded by a similar Cooperative Agreement for calendar years 1982-
87. The purpose of the current Cooperative Agreement is aquacultural technology development.
Key activities include research on tilapia monosex seed production, polyculture, and economic
aspects of aquaculture; provision of specialized information to users; international networking; and
training and education.
Research was conducted on methods to improve the efficiency of monosex seed production of
tilapia. Specific topics investigated were progeny testing of tilapia which had undergone
hormonally induced feminization (one phase in the potential development of brood fish that
produce all-male offspring) and masculinization of larval tilapia with a steroid-like growth
promoter, trenbolone acetate. Research on polyculture technology focused on the impact of size at
stocking on growth of the giant Australian freshwater crayfish when polycultured with tilapia.
Analysis of economic performance of aquacultural development projects in developing countries
continued in 1992. A comprehensive document on aquacultural economics in Thailand, Panama,
Jamaica, Guatemala, Philippines and Rwanda was fmalized and revised for oral presentation at
AID/W. A description of family-scale fish farming in Guatemala, including detailed financial and
economic analyses, was published in 1992. Auburn University also implemented a Basic Ordering
Agreement with USAID/Philippines to conduct a 4-month, 9-person multi-disciplinary assessment
of the shrimp industry in that country; the consultant team consisted of local and US specialists,
including an aquacultural economist, a shrimp processing specialist, and an aquatic environmental
specialist from Auburn University.
Information of a general and technical nature about fisheries and aquacultural development was
made available through publication of a newsletter, 11 technical guides for developers and
producers (English, Spanish, and French) and a fact sheet for decision makers in development
agencies. A network database of aquacultural specialists worldwide was completed and
incorporated into a broader university database A database was developed which contains the
citations of all publications by faculty and staff and thesis and dissertation citations and abstracts of
all graduates of the department of Fisheries and Allied Aquacultures.
In 1992,46 international students from 23 countries were enrolled in M.S., M.Aq. and Ph.D.
studies in fisheries and aquaculture. Cooperative Agreement funds gave substantial support to the
direction, supervision and assistance from faculty for those international students for whom
English is a second language. In addition, 18 internationals participated in non-degree training and
research in various aspects of aquaculture and fisheries, for which certificates were awarded.
Among these were ten senior visiting scientists.
In 1992, ICAAE provided 634 person-days of short-term work assignments in 14 countries. In
addition, a large number of international service activities was conducted on-campus and within the
U.S. Partial support for these activities was provided by the Cooperative Agreement.
Work plans for 1992 anticipated expenditures of $282,646, including incremental funding of
$255,000 plus $27,646 estimated carryover from 1991. Actual expenditures in 1992 were
$265,031 or approximately 94% of anticipated levels. Funds carried over have been programmed
primarily for salary support in 1993 of ICAAE Associates previously supported through AID
funds and for whom alternative support has not yet been identified.


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