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Title:

Progress Report 0n Fisheries Development
in Northeast Brazil


Author(s):

Jensen, John


Date: 1976


Funding Agency: USAID


Keywords: brazil, aquaculture, fisheries, extension, development, international


Category: International Country Report


Download: Download


Summary/Recommendations/Objectives:

RECOMMENDATIONS

Training:

Intensive fish culture
in the Northeast is presently limited

to
Ceara State, but DNOCS is obligated to expand to all

regions under its jurisdiction.
To reach these regions and

to ultimately make
a significant impact on local fish supplies,

more fish culture
extension workers must be trained, preferably

through
USAID assistance. A fish culture extension

advisor is needed not
only for assisting in training of mere

fish culture extension
specialists, but also for assisting in

DNOCS-sponsored international
and regional training programs.

As training will be
continuous, assistance provided

by USAID will be necessary
for at least 3 years.

DNOCS
Colonization-Settlement Project:

Experience of DNOCS
in the last 5 years has shown that

previously
under-utilized and under-productive land could

feasibly be put to crop
production through rational planning

and proper
management of stored water resources. These

‚Äúcolonization”
projects with terrestrial crops and livestock

have been successful.

Aquaculture is a
viable option for land that is not suitable

for cultivation. Fish
culture colonization projects similar to

agricultural projects
now functioning are in the preliminary

planning stages. Such
projects deserve priority attention

due to their short-term
impact possibilities. Not only would

such a project bring
direct financial benefits to low-income

farmers, but large fish
supplies could be produced and,

through a cooperative,
marketed in a rational manner that

would benefit the maximum
number of consumers at the

lowest cost. DNOCS is
urged to expedite development of

this project so
that fish protein reaches consumers in significant

quantities.

Model Form Demonstrations:

The most important
extension tool is the practical demonstration.

This teaching tool
is being used in Northeast Brazil,

with private farm
ponds serving as demonstration units.

Demonstrations directed
by public institutions can often

provide farmers
with a better concept of fish culture methods

because Brazilian farmers
are generally not interested in demonstrating

techniques to potential
competition.

To promote intensive
fish culture and teach production

methods, it is recommended
that DNOCS create public,

intensive fish
culture demonstrations throughout the Northeast’s

more suitable regions.
Possible locations include

DNOCS’s experimental
farms and state agricultural model

farms. All such
demonstration-type projects should apply

sound methods developed
through research to demonstrate

techniques of pond
construction, fish stocking, fertilization.

feeding,
harvesting, processing, and marketing to farmers

and other
interested persons.

Fingerling
Production:

The future of fish farming
in Northeast Brazil is now dependent

on sufficient fingerling
production to satisfy farmer

demand. Without a continuous
adequate supply, fish culture

will not progress to
a point that it can make a significant

impact in Brazil’s
Northeast region.

Fingerlings can be supplied
through one of two methods.

First, DNOCS can
increase fingerling production through its

own initiative. For
example, existing facilities can be expanded

by construction of
more production ponds and related

holding facilities.
Such expansion would require employment

and training of
more personnel. Second, fingerling

production could be
increased by the government relinquishing

control and allowing
capable persons in the private

sector to produce
fingerlings on a commercial scale.

Either of these
methods should help attain the goal of

producing an adequate
supply of fingerlings so that returns

on investments in
commercial fish production facilities can

be maximized.

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