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Title:

The Socioeconomic Impact of Fisheries Programs
in El Salvador


Author(s):

Street, Donald


Date: 1978


Funding Agency: USAID


Keywords: el salvador, fisheries, economics, development, international, aquaculture


Category: International Country Report


Download: Download


Summary/Recommendations/Objectives:

The
Fisheries Resource Service of El Salvador has made considerable progress since 1971
when the Auburn USAID Project was setup. The more than tenfold, real-term
increase

in
the fisheries budget from 1972 to 1977 illustrates

the
government’s commitment and interest in the

program.
The Fisheries Resource Service has excellent experiment

station
facilities and hatcheries with other appurtenant

infrastructure
to enable a favorable long-term

impact
on the nation’s economy. New credit availability

and
new information opportunities through extension

should
widen market opportunities for the fisheries sector

of
the economy. The Service still has many opportunities

for
improvement to better serve the populace of El

Salvador.

Significant problems remain in several areas as follows:

I.
The manpower of the Service is sparse, both for

ongoing
experimental work and for extension.

2. The mean production of fish per hectare in both

communal ponds and private farm ponds is low in comparison

with the potential.

3. The total volume of aquacultural fish production

needs to be increased to bring about a more efficient

market system in fisheries.

4. The price of high-quality fish is still too high for purchase

by the rural poor.

5. Personnel who are highly trained in the scientific

aspects of fisheries spend large proportions of their time on

administrative duties, which leaves little time for contributions

in their own field of endeavor.

6. Aerial application of pesticides continues to interfere

with the functioning of fingerling production in the Santa

Cruz Parrillo area and endangers breeding stock of the

experimental unit.

7. Fisheries law enforcement needs to be enhanced to

curtail illegal capture activities.

The following recommendations are made with respect

to the Fisheries Resource Service.

I. Training in fisheries development and management

should be intensified, especially at the lower levels of the

Service. Every effort should be made to keep aquacultural

and fisheries scientists as close as possible to the work for

which they were trained. Use of personnel trained in

fisheries for teaching purposes seems to be a valid

allocation of resources.

2. Extensive economic studies should be made a part of

all programs involved in fisheries development
in El

Salvador. This action would be in line with recommendations

by officials of the Latin American Bureau and

Technical Assistance Bureau of AID, the Inter-American

Development Bank, The Banco de Fomento Agropecuario,

the World Bank, the U.S. Department of Commerce, and

others.

3. Outside expertise probably will be required in setting

up the economics division under a proposed
“directorate”

organization of the fisheries program. The plan should be

designed to include micro- and macroeconomic analyses

with the intent of optimizing in the allocation of the country’s

socioeconomic goals. The economics group should

be so organized that it provides input to project and policy

changes before they are
effected. All experimental work

should be done under a framework which is amenable to

the extraction of economic data useful in decision making

and policy analysis. Opportunity cost of the nation’s

scarce resources should be considered in all major project expenditures.
Social costs and benefits should be considered

in impact analyses to the extent of data limitations.

4. The USAID should seriously consider the possibility of

providing additional assistance to the Government of El

Salvador in various program areas including extension

and economics. Training opportunities in academic and

practical fisheries programs should also be provided for

selected staff of the Fisheries Resource Service of the

Ministry of Agriculture.

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