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Title:

Aquaculture Technology Development Program – Annual Report


Author(s):

International Center for Aquaculture – Auburn University


Date: 1990


Funding Agency: USAID


Keywords: aquaculture, development, international


Category: International Annual Report


Download: Download


Summary/Recommendations/Objectives:

This is a report of Cooperative Agreement No. DAN-4180-A-00-8008-00 activities for calendar

year 1990, the third year of a five-year program to

be implemented during calendar years 1988

to 1992. This program was preceded by a similar Cooperative Agreement for calendar years

1982-87. The purpose of the current Cooperative Agreement is aquacultural technology

development. Key activities include research on tilapia monosex seed production, polyculture,

and economic aspects of aquaculture; provision of specialized information to users; networking;

and training and education.

Research was conducted on methods

to improve the efficiency of monosex seed production of

tilapia. Specific topics investigated were use of open tanks and ponds for sex reversal,

alternative fry production procedures, minimizing feed preparation costs, and methods of

verification of the sex of treated fish.

Research on polyculture focused on the compatibility of five species of fish with prawn.

Related research was also conducted on aspects of survival and growth of the giant Australian

freshwater crayfish.

Documentation of the economic performance of aquacultural development projects in developing

countries continued in 1990. A comprehensive document on aquacultural economics in Thailand,

Panama, Jamaica, Guatemala, Philippines and Rwanda is in final draft form.

Information of a general and technical nature about fisheries and aquacultural development

was made available through publication of a newsletter, technical guides for developers and

producers and a fact sheet for decision makers in development agencies. A network database of

aquacultural specialists worldwide was strengthened.

In 1990,37 international students from 17countries were enrolled in M.S., M.Aq. and Ph.D.

studies in fisheries and aquaculture. A comparatively high degree of direction, supervision and

assistance from faculty is required for those international students for whom English is a second

language. Cooperative Agreement funds gave substantial support to this effort. In addition, 18

internationals participated in non-degree training and research in various aspects of

aquaculture and fisheries, for which certificates were awarded. Among these were seven senior

visiting scientists.

In 1990, ICA specialists at Auburn University performed 1001 person-days of short-term work

assignments in 13 countries. In addition, a large number of international service activities was

conducted on-campus and within the U.S. Partial support for these activities was provided by

the Cooperative Agreement.

Workplans for 1990 anticipated expenditures of $298,276, including a planned annual funding

level of $255,000 plus $43,276 estimated carryover induced by the late arrival of funds for year

two of this Cooperative Agreement. Actual expenditures for 1990 were $267,446. Expenditures

for 1990 were 10% below anticipated levels primarily as a result of salary savings from some

faculty while on short-term assignments on other USAID-funded international projects. With

these exceptions funds were expended as presented in Workplans for 1990. Funds carried down

have been programmed for expenditure under workplans for 1991.

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