Departmental Reports


Fishculture Survey Report for Haiti


Lovell, Richard and D. Moss

Date: 1971

Funding Agency: USAID

Keywords: haiti, aquaculture, fish, development, international

Category: International Country Report

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2. 01 The basic
program in fishculture that was established in 1950 under

auspices of the
United Nations Mission in Haiti appears to be an effective plan

for increasing fish
in diets of many low-income Haitians and should be revitalized

and implemented to
the extent that funds and facilities will allow.

Primary emphasis
should be placed upon stocking fish in farm ponds, providing

assistance to farmers on fishculture, and stocking natural waters

that presently are
poor sources of food fish, such as Lake Peligre.

2. 02 Additional
equipment is absolutely essential to the existence of a fishculture

program in Haiti. The
most critical equipment needs, in rank of

importance, and
estimated costs are listed below. In addition are recurring

annual expenses
that are required for operating such a program.

2. 03 Extension
workers from the Fisheries Office should provide demonstration

sessions at Lake Azuey
and other inland waters to instruct and encourage artisan

fishermen to use
improved fishing methods, construct boats or rafts , build nets

and traps, and preserve
fish by salt- and/or sun-drying.

2. 04 A fish
population survey of Lake Azuey should be made to ascertain the

success of the
stocking of carp and tilapia and determine total standing crop and


2. 05 Marketing and
utilization aspects of the cultured fish should be considered

as the program expands.
Farmers should be encouraged to preserve

a portion of their
crop for marketing which will enhance commercialization

and improve distribution
of fish in inland areas.

2.06 The feeding recommendations
presently advocated by the Fisheries Office

result in
inefficient conversion values. Several factors which may improve

feed conversion are
feeding larger particle-size feed (although meal may be

adequate for the first
mouth of feeding), reducing the daily feed allowance, and

useing combinations
of feed stuffs to improve the nutritive value of the diet.

2. 07 The
experimental station at Damien needs improvement. The ponds

should be cleaned
and kept free of vegetation. Dams should be repaired. A larger
building with concrete tanks for holding fish and for more storage for

feed and equipment is
needed. Feed mixing and pelleting equipment would

allow more
economical and nutritious feeds to be prepared. An independent

water supply for the
fishculture station would allow more efficient use of the ponds.

2. 08 The U.S. A.
I. D. contribution to the fishculture program in Haiti should

assist in
purchasing the equipment listed in 2. 02 above. The Government of

Haiti, in turn,
should provide an increased budget for proper maintenance of

the Dainien Fishculture
Station and operation of an effective extension program in

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