Departmental Reports




Hughes, David

Date: 1977

Funding Agency: USAID

Keywords: el salvador, aquaculture, fisheries, research, international, development

Category: International Country Report

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El Salvador Fishery Resources Service of the

Directorate of Natural Renewable Resources

Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG),

technical assistance in aquaculture research and

and inland fisheries development from 1972 to

through a contract between the Agency for

Development and Auburn University's International

for Aquaculture. Contract AID/Ia-688

technical assistance funds from January I, 1 972, to

31. 1973, for Dr. David R. Bayne, Assistant

Department of Fisheries and Allied Aquacultures,

as full-time resident fisheries advisor. His work focused on the

areas, as outlined in detail in his 1974 report3:

I. Renovation and expansion of research and supporting

facilities at the Santa Cruz Porrillo Fisheries Station.

2. Aquacultural research with emphasis on increased fish


3. Aquacultural extension to disseminate improved

technology to farmers and other user groups.

4. Investigations of the fishery resources of major lakes and

other natural waters of El Salvador.

The work was carried out in conjunction with host-country

technical personnel, U.S. Peace Corps Volunteers, and shortterm

technical fisheries staff from Auburn University.

By the end of Bayne's 2-year tour, substantial progress had

been achieved, including the following:

I. Near completion of the renovation and expansion of

research and supporting facilities at the Santa Cruz Porrillo

Fisheries Station.

2. Initiation of a country-wide project to survey lakes and

rivers for fisheries statistics, limnology, and fishery biology

data, and the testing and evaluation of fish gear and capture


3. Establishment of an active aquacultural extension


4. Establishment of an active program of practical

aquacultural research designed to increase production and

profit for the fish farm operator.

5. Initiation of academic
training in aquaculture and

fisheries for two host-country staff.

Just prior to Bayne's departure in 1973 an economic

evaluation of the freshwater fisheries of El Salvador was made
by Dr. E. W. McCoy, of Auburn University, at the

request of USAID/EI Salvador. In a 1974 report•, McCoy

described the emerging state of fish culture in El Salvador

and stressed the necessity for continuing applied research to

reach the highest possible level of production and the subsequent

melding of research and extension for a successful

field program. He analyzed the macro- and micro-impact of

increased fish production, and the need for providing both

short- and long-run capital for production and processing.

For the period of January I to September
9, 1974, the

Fisheries Department had no resident fisheries
advisor. Until

March 1974, Sr. Jose E. Cabrero was head of the Fisheries

Service and managed the Fisheries Project. In late March he

enrolled in the Graduate School of Auburn University in a

Ph.D. degree program in the Department of Fisheries and

Allied Aquacultures. From March 1974 until the arrival of

the author in September 1974, the Fisheries
Project was

coordinated by Sr. Enrique Castro Butter, a graduate in

biology from the University of El Salvador. Sr. Butter continued

to serve as Acting fisheries Chief until the return of

Dr. Cabrero in early 1976.

The author was employed as the resident fisheries advisor

of the Fisheries Project, contract No. AID/Ia-688, beginning

September 9, 1974. Efforts while in-country were focused

principally with the aquacultural research and extension

programs, and to a limited extent in assisting the Fisheries

Service with marine and freshwater fisheries biology, fish

capture programs, and general fisheries administration. This

report limits its discussion to the progress made during the

author's tour of duty.

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