Lecture Information

Alabama Fish Facts
Facts to know about Alabama Fishes
306 native freshwater species
61 endemic species; 41 in the Mobile basin alone


Family                          number of species
Cyprinidae                               >90
Percidae                                   >78
Catostomidae                           23
Centrarchidae                         >21
Ictaluridae                                 19
Total from just these families = 231, or 75% of the total diversity in Alabama Notice the species totals for each major river system in Alabama (handout)


Selected References



  • Berg, L. S. 1947. Classification of fishes both recent and fossil. J. W. Edwards, Ann Arbor, MI.
  • Berra, T. M. 1981. An atlas of distribution of the freshwater fish families of the world. Univ. of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, NE.
  • Berra, T. M. 2001. Freshwater fish distribution. Academic Press.
  • Bond, C. E. 1996. Biology of fishes. W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, PA 750 p.
  • Diana, J. S. 1995. Biology and ecology of fishes. Cooper Publishing Group, Carmel, IN441 p.
  • Eschmeyer, W. N. 1990. Catalog of the genera of fishes. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco 697 p.
  • Eschmeyer, W. N. (ed.) 1998. Catalog of fishes. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco Volumes 1 – 3; 2905 p.
  • Godin, J. J. 1997. Behavioural ecology of teleost fishes. Oxford University Press, New York 384 p.
  • Greenwood, P. H. 1975. A history of fishes. Third Edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY.
  • Greenwood, P. H., R. S. Miles, and C. Patterson (eds). 1973. Interrelationships of fishes. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 53. 536 p.
  • Helfman, G. S., B. B. Collette, and D. E. Facey. 1997. The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Scientific 528 p.
  • Kocher, T. D., and C. A. Stepien (eds.) 1997. Molecular systematics of fishes. Academicc Press, New York 314 p.
  • Lindberg, G. U. 1973. Lagler, K. F., J. E. Bardach, R. R. Miller, and D. R. M. Passino. 1977. Ichthyology. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY. Fishes of the World: a key to families and a checklist (English translation). Halsted Press, New York, NY.
  • McEachran, J. D., and J. D. Fechhelm. 1998. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Volume 1.
  • University of Texas Press, Austin 1112 p.
  • Migdalski, E. C. and G. S. Fichter. 1983. The fresh and salt water fishes of the world. Greenwich House, New York, NY.
  • Moyle, P. B. and J. J. Cech. 1988. Fishes: an introduction to Ichthyology. Second Edition. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
  • Nelson, J. S. 1994. Fishes of the World. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY.
  • Pitcher, T.J. 1986. Behaviour of teleost fishes. Chapman and Hall, New York 715 p.
  • Stiassny, M. L. J., L. R. Parenti, and G. D. Johnson. 1996. Interrelationships of fishes. Academic Press, New York 496 p.
  • Wheeler, A. 1975. Fishes of the world: an illustrated dictionary. MacMillan Publ. Co., Inc., New York, NY.
  • Wootton, R. J. 1990. Ecology of teleost fishes. Chapman and Hall, New York 404 p.


North America General

  • Castro, J. I. 1983. The sharks of North American waters. Texas A and M University Press, College Station 180 p.
  • Eddy S. and J. C. Underhill. 1974. Northern Fishes. Univ. Minn. Press, Minneapolis, MI.
  • Eddy, S. and J. C. Underhill. 1978. How to know the freshwater fishes. Third Edition. Wm. C. Brown Co., Dubuque, IA.
  • Hoese, H. D. and R. H. Moore. 1977. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Texas A & M University Press, College Station, TX.
  • Hocutt, C. H. and E. O. Wiley (eds.). 1986. The zoogeography of North American freshwater fishes. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY.
  • Hubbs, C. L. and K. F. Lagler. 1964. Fishes of the Great Lakes region. Univ. of Mich. Press, Ann Arbor, MI.
  • Jordan, D. S. and W. S. Evermann. 1896-1900. The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. U. S. Natl. Mus. Bull. 47(1-4):1-3313.
  • Jordan, D. S., B. W. Evermann and H. W. Clark. 1930. Check list of the fishes and fishlike vertebrates of North and South America north of the northern boundary of Venezuela and Columbia. Reprint of Appendix X to the U. S. Comm. Fish. Rep. for 1928.
  • Lee, D. S.., C. R. Gilbert, C. H. Hocutt, R. E. Jenkins, D. E. McAllister and J. R. Stauffer, Jr. 1980, et seq. Atlas of North American freshwater fishes. N. C. State Mus. Nat. Hist., Raleigh, NC.
  • Matthews, W. J. 1998. Patterns in freshwater fish ecology. Chapman and Hall, New York 756 p.
  • Matthews, W. J., and D. C. Heins. (eds.) 1987. Community and evolutionary ecology of North American stream fishes. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman 310 p.
  • Mayden, R. L. (ed.) 1992. Systematics, historical ecology, and North American freshwater fishes. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA 969 p.
  • McEachran, J. D. and J. D. Fechhelm. 1998. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico, Vol. 1
  • McPhail, J. D. and C. C. Lindsey. 1970. Freshwater fishes of Northwestern Canada and Alaska. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. No. 173.
  • Moore, G. A. 1968. Fishes. In Blair, et al. Vertebrates of the United States. Second Edition. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, NY.
  • Kuehne, R. A. and R. W. Barbour. 1983. The American darters. The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, KY.
  • Page, L. M. 1983. Handbook of darters. TFH Publications, Inc. Ltd., Neptune City, NJ.
  • Robins, C. R., R. M. Bailey, C. E. Bond, J. R. Brooker, E. A. Lachner, R. N. Lea and W. B. Scott. 1991. A list of common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Fifth Edition. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ., No. 20.
  • Rohde, F. C., R. G. Arndt, and D. G. Lindquist. 1994. Freshwater fishes of the carolinas, Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware. The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill 222 p.
  • Tomelleri, J. R. and M. E. Eberle. 1990. Fishes of the central United States. University Press of Kansas 226 p.
  • Various authors. 1948-1982. Fishes of the Western North Atlantic. Parts 1-8.
  • Walls, J. G. 1975. Fishes of the Northern Gulf of Mexico. TFH Publications, Inc., Ltd., Neptune City, NJ.
  • Winfield, I. J. and J. S. Nelson. 1991. Cyprinid fishes: systematics, biology and exploitation. Chapman and Hall, New York 667p.


Field Guides

  • Boschung, H. T., J. D. Williams, D. W. Gotshall, D. K. Caldwell and M. C. Caldwell. 1983. The Audubon Society field guide to North American fishes, whales and dolphins. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY.
  • Eschmeyer, W. N. and E. S. Herald. 1983. A field guide to Pacific Coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Series, Houghton-Mifflin Co., Boston, MA.
  • Page, L. M. and B. M. Burr. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Peterson Field Guide Series, Houghton-Mifflin Co., Boston, MA.
  • Robins, C. R. and G. C. Ray. 1986. A field guide to Atlantic Coast fishes of North America. Peterson Field Guide Series, Houghton-Mifflin Co., Boston, MA.

North America Regional


  • Hart, J. L. 1973. Pacific fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can., No. 180.
  • Scott, W. B. and E. J. Crossman. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 184:1-966.
  • Scott, W. B. and M. G. Scott. 1988. Atlantic fishes of Canada. Can. Bull. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 219:1-731.
  • United States



  • Smith-Vaniz, W. 1969. Freshwater fishes of Alabama. The Paragon Press, Montgomery, AL.
  • Mettee, M. F., P. E. O’Neil, and J. M. Pierson. 1996. Fishes of Alabama and the Mobile Basin. Oxmoor House, Birmigham, AL 820 p.



  • Morrow, J. E. 1980. The freshwater fishes of Alaska. Alaska Northwest Publishing Co., Anchorage, AK.



  • Minkley, W. L. 1973. Fishes of Arizona. Ariz. Game and Fish. Dept., Phoenix, AZ.



  • Robison, H. W. and T. M. Buchanan. 1990. Fishes of Arkansas. The Univ. of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, AR.



  • Moyle, P. B. 1976. Inland fishes of California. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, CA.



  • Everhart, W. H. and W. R. Seaman. 1971. Fishes of Colorado. Colorado Game, Fish and Parks Div., Denver, CO.



  • Whitworth, W. R., P. L. Berrien and W. T. Keller. 1968. Freshwater fishes of Connecticut. Bull. Con. State Geol. Nat. Hist. Surv. 101:134 p.



  • Fowler, H. W. 1911. The fishes of Delaware. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 63:3-16.
  • Lee, D. S., A. Norden, C. R. Filbert and R. Franz. 1976. A list of the freshwater fishes of Maryland and Delaware. Chesepeake Sci. 17(3):205-211.



  • Briggs, J. C. 1958. A list of Florida fishes and their distribution. Bull. Fla. State Mus. 2(8):223-318.
  • Gilbert, C. R. (ed.) 1978. Fishes, p. 1-58 in P. C. H. Pritchard (ed.). Rare and endangered biota of Florida. Volume 4. Univ. of Florida Press, Gainesville, FL.
  • Stevenson, H. M. 1977. Vertebrates of Florida: Identification and distribution. Univ. of Fla. Press, Gainesville, FL.



  • Dahlberg, M. D. 1975. Guide to coastal fishes of Georgia and nearby states. Univ. of Georgia Press, Athens, GA.



  • Simpson, J. C. and R. L. Wallace. 1978. Fishes of Idaho. Univ. of Idaho Press, Moscow, ID.



  • Forbes, S. A. and R. E. Richardson. 1908. The fishes of Illinois. Ill. State Lab. Nat. Hist., Urbana, IL.
  • Smith, P. W. 1979. The fishes of Illinois. Univ. of Illinois Press, Urbana, IL.



  • Gerking, S. D. 1945. The distribution of the fishes of Indiana. Invest. Indiana Lakes streams, 3(1):1-137.
  • Nelson, J. S., and S. D. Gerking. 1968. Annotated key to the fishes of Indiana. Dep. Zoology, Ind. Univ., Bloomington, IN.



  • Harlan, J. R. and E. B. Speaker. 1987. Iowa fish and fishing. Fourth Edition. Iowa Cons. Comm., Des Moines, IA.



  • Cross, F. B. 1967. Handbook of fishes of Kansas. Univ. Kan. Mus. Nat. Hist. Misc. Publ. No. 45.



  • Burr, B. M. and M. L. Warren. 1986. A distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes. Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission Scientific and Technical Series. No. 4.
  • Clay, W. M. 1975. The fishes of Kentucky. KY Dept. Fish. Wildl. Resour., Frankfort, KY.



  • Douglas, N. H. 1974. Freshwater fishes of Louisiana. ClaitorÕs Publishing Division, Baton Rouge, LA.



  • Bigelow and Schroeder. 1953. Fishes of the Gulf of Maine.
  • Everhart, W. H. 1966. Fishes of Maine. Third Edition. Maine Dept. Inl. Fish. Game, Augusta, ME.



  • Davis, R. M. 1972. Key to the fishes of Maryland. Univ. Maryland Nat. Resour. Inst. Educ. Ser. Contrib. No. 101.
  • Truitt, R. V., B. A. Bean and H. W. Fowler. 1929. The fishes of Maryland. Maryland Cons. Bull. No. 3.



  • Mugford, P. S. 1969. Illustrated manual of Massachusetts freshwater fish. Mass. Div. Fish. Game, Boston, MA.



  • Cook, F. A. 1959. Freshwater fishes in Mississippi. Miss. Game Fish Comm., Jackson, MS.
  • Ross, S. T. 2001. Inland fishes of MIssissippi. University of Mississippi Press.



  • Pflieger, W. L. 1975. The fishes of Missouri. Missouri Dept. Cons., JeffersonCity, MO.



  • Brown, C. J. D. 1971. Fishes of Montana. Montana State Univ. Agric. Exp. Stn., Bozeman, MT.



  • Morris, J., L. Morris and L. Witt. 1974. The fishes of Nebraska. Nebr. Game Parks Comm., Lincoln, NE.



  • La Rivers, I. 1994. Fishes and fisheries of Nevada. University of Nevada Press, Reno782 p.


North Carolina:

  • Smith, H. M. 1907. The fishes of North Carolinia. E. M. Uzzell and Co., Raleigh, NC 449 p.
  • Menhinick, E. F. 1991. The freshwater fishes of North Carolina. North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission, Raleigh 227 p.



  • Cooper, E. L. 1983. Fishes of Pennsylvania and the Northeastern United States. The Penn. State Univ. Press, University Park, PA.


South Carolina:

  • Loyacano, H. A., Jr. 1975. A list of freshwater fishes of South Carolina. SC Agric. Exp. Sta. Bull. No. 580.


South Dakota:

  • Bailey, R. M. and M. O. Allum. 1962. Fishes of South Dakota. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. No. 119.



  • Etnier, D. A., and W. C. Starnes. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. The University of Tennessee Press, Knoxvile 681 p.



  • Hubbs, C. 1976. A checklist of Texas freshwater fishes. Tech. Ser. Tex. Parks Wildl. Dept. No. 11.



  • Sigler, W. F. and R. R. Miller. 1963. Fishes of Utah. Utah State Dept. Fish Game, Salt Lake City, UT.
  • Sigler, W. F. and J. W. Sigler. 1996. Fishes of Utah. University of Utah Press375 p.



  • Jenkins, R. E., and N. M. Burkhead. 1993. Freshwater fishes of Virginia. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland 1079 p.



  • Wydoski, R. S. and R. R. Whitney. 1979. Inland fishes of Washington. Univ. Wash. Press, Seattle, WA


West Virginia:

  • Denoncourt, R. F., E. C. Raney, C. H. Hocutt and J. R. Stauffer. 1975. A checklist of the fishes of West Virginia. Virginia J. Sci. 26(3):117-120.
  • Goldsborough, E. L. and H. W. Clark. 1908. Fishes of West Virginia. Bull. US Bur. Fish. 27(1907):29-39.



  • Becker, G. C. 1983. Fishes of Wisconsin. The Univ. of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI.



  • Baxter, G. T. and J. R. Simon. 1970. Wyoming fishes. Bull. Wyoming Game Fish Dept. No. 4.


Selected Ichthyological Journals

  • Copeia
  • Environmental Biology of Fishes
  • Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters
  • Journal of Fish Biology
  • Transactions of the American Fisheries Society
  • Journal of Ichthyology (translated from Russian)
  • Ecology of Freshwater Fish
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