spurge, spotted
Chamaesyce maculata

Family Euphorbiaceae
Lifecycle Annual
Features Annual dicot. Leaves opposite, green to purple in color. Flowers in axils. Exudes a white latex sap upon breaking the stem. Size, shape, and color of plant can vary greatly depending on environmental conditions plant is grown in. Generally, plant is small and prostrate in growth with a purple appearance and dark blotch watermarked leaves.
Description Milky sap is the most distinguishing characteristic of the Euphorbs. Small annual plant that normally grows appressed to the ground. Common weed in thatchy turfgrass, including bermudagrass and bentgrass putting greens. This species is also thought to be an indicator of heavy nematode populations. Plant is very tolerant of drought stress conditions and can often be observed surviving when turfgrass has gone completely dormant from drought.
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Large field plant: This field plant is growing in a highly fertile, well-irrigated area; thus, yielding a green, robust growth habit.

Broad View
Large field plant

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Latex sap: Latex sap exudes from the stem when broken.

Latex sap

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Plant view: Small leaflets, but size can vary depending on environmental conditions. Grows appressed to ground.

Broad View
Plant view

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Leaf characteristics: Spots and size of leaf can vary with environment.

Leaf characteristics

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