buttonweed, Virginia
Diodia virginiana

Family Rubiaceae
Lifecycle Perennial
Features Opposite leaves with pointed notch between leaves. White flowers with four points. Seed pods (buttons) form in axils of leaves, barrel-shaped. Forms rhizomes and stolons. Forms underground closed flowers that self pollenate.
Description Tough to control perennial weed in turfgrass and other environments. Difficult to control due to extensive rhizome system and production of seed underground. Can become chlorotic in appearance due to a common virus.
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Seed: Seed (buttons in buttonweed) are formed in the axils of the leaf.

Flower / Seed Head
Seed

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Flower: Four petal white flower.

Flower / Seed Head
Flower

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Leaves: Leaves are opposite with a small notch on the stem between the leaves.

Leaf
Leaves

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Growth: General growth habit in turf.

Broad View
Growth

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Growth: General growth in a mowed turfgrass stand.

Broad View
Growth

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